6.453 Quantum Optical Communication

As taught in: Fall 2004




Prof. Jeffrey H. Shapiro

Poincare sphere.
Poincaré sphere. (Figure by MIT OCW. Courtesy of Prof. Jeffrey H. Shapiro.)

Course Features

Course Highlights

This course features a complete set of lecture notes and assignments (with associated readings). An extensive list of supplementary readings is also included.

Course Description

This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, and quantum systems theory. Specific topics include the following.  Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator quantization; number states, coherent states, and squeezed states; radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation; P-representation and classical fields.  Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle; beam splitters; phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers. Quantum photodetection: direct detection, heterodyne detection, and homodyne detection.  Second-order nonlinear optics: phase-matched interactions; optical parametric amplifiers; generation of squeezed states, photon-twin beams, non-classical fourth-order interference, and polarization entanglement. Quantum systems theory: optimum binary detection, quantum precision measurements, quantum cryptography, and quantum teleportation.

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