This is an archived course. A more recent version may be available at ocw.mit.edu.

Readings

SES # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction to autism and technology autism

youtube video: In My Language

2 Social interaction deficits and technologies

Grandin, Temple. "My Mind is a Web Browser: How People with Autism Think." Cerebrum 2, no. 1 (2000): 14-22.

Silberman, Steve. "The Geek Syndrome." Wired (December 2001).

El Kaliouby, Rana, Rosalind Picard, and Simon Baron-Cohen. "Affective Computing and Autism." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1093 (2006): 228-248.

Frith, Uta. "Mind Blindness and the Brain in Autism." Neuron 32 (2001): 969-979.

Baron-Cohen, Simon. "Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (2002): 248-254.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, et al. "The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test Revised Version: A Study with Normal Adults, and Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism." The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 42 (2001): 241-251.

Klin, Ami, et al. "Visual Fixation Patterns During Viewing of Naturalistic Social Situations as Predictors of Social Competence in Individuals with Autism." Archives of General Psychiatry 59 (2002): 809-816.

Vertegaal, Roel, et al. "Eye Gaze Patterns in Conversations: There Is More to Conversational Agents Than Meets the Eyes." Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2001.

Optional readings

Tager-Flusberg, Helen, and Kate Sullivan. "A Componential View of Theory of Mind: Evidence from Williams Syndrome." Cognition 76 (2000): 59-90.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, et al. "Is There a Link between Engineering and Autism?" Autism 1 (1997): 153-163.

Baron-Cohen, Simon, and Ami Klin. "What's So Special about Asperger Syndrome?" Brain and Cognition 61 (2006): 1-4.

Amazon logo Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York, NY: Vintage, 2004. ISBN: 9781400032716.

Amazon logo Grandin, Temple, and Catherine Johnson. Animals in Translation: Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior. Fort Washington, PA: Harvest Books, 2006. ISBN: 9780156031448.

Amazon logo Moon, Elizabeth. The Speed of Dark. New York, NY: Del Rey, 2005. ISBN: 9780345481399.

Amazon logo Fling, Echo. Eating an Artichoke: A Mother's Perspective on Asperger Syndrome. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2000. ISBN: 9781853027116.

3

Communication deficits, technology for facilitating people sense

Guest lecturer: John Lester, Community and Education Manager, Linden Lab

Amazon logo Ozonoff, Sally, Sally Rogers, and Robert Hendren. "From Kanner to the Millennium: Scientific Advances That Have Shaped Clinical Practice." In Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Research Review for Practitioners. Edited by Sally Ozonoff, Sally Rogers, and Robert Hendren. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2003, pp. 3-36. ISBN: 9781585621194.

Amazon logo Blocher, Katherine, and Rosalind Picard. "Affective Social Quest: Emotion Recognition Therapy for Autistic Children." In Socially Intelligent Agents: Creating Relationships with Computers and Robots. Edited by Kerstin Dautenhahn, Alan Bond, Lola Canamero, and Bruce Edmonds. New York, NY: Springer, 2002. ISBN: 9781402070570.

Cheng, Lili, Greg Kimberly, and Felice Orlich. "KidTalk: Online Therapy for Asperger's Syndrome." Social Computing Group, Microsoft Research, 2003.

Strickland, Dorothy, Lee Marcus, Gary Mesibov, and Kerry Hogan. "Brief Report: Two Case Studies Using Virtual Reality as a Learning Tool for Autistic Children." Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 26 (1996): 651-659.

Shabani, Daniel, Roger Katz, David Wilder, Kenneth Beauchamp, et al. "Increasing Social Initiations in Children with Autism: Effects of a Tactile Prompt." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 35 (2002): 79-83.

Bishop, Jonathan. "The Internet for Educating Individuals with Social Impairments." Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 19 (2003): 546-556.

von Ahn, Luis, and Laura Dabbish. "Labeling Images with a Computer Game." Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2004.

Optional readings

Michel, Philipp. "The Use of Technology in the Study, Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism." Final term paper for CSC350: Autism and Associated Developmental Disorders, 2004. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.6 MB)

Amazon logo Picard, Rosalind. Affective Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000, introduction, chapters 1 and 2. ISBN: 9780262661157.

Taber, Teresa, Allison Seltzer, L. Juane Heflin, and Paul Alberto. "Use of Self-Operated Auditory Prompts to Decrease Off-Task Behavior for a Student with Autism and Moderate Mental Retardation." Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities 14 (1999): 159-166.

Coyle, Catherine, and Peter Cole. "A Videotaped Self-Modeling and Self-Monitoring Treatment Program to Decrease Off-Task Behavior in Children with Autism." Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability 29 (2004): 3-15.

4

Stress in social interaction, technology for monitoring/regulating

Guest lecturer: Matthew Goodwin, Groden Center, Providence, RI

Goodwin, Matthew, June Groden, Wayne Velicer, Lewis Lipsitt, M. Grace Baron, Stefan Hoffman, and Gerald Groden. "Cardiovascular Arousal in Individuals with Autism." Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities 21, no. 2 (2006): 100-123.

Amazon logo Baron, M. Grace, Lewis Lipsitt, and Matthew Goodwin. "Scientific Foundations for Research and Practice." In Stress and Coping in Autism. Edited by M. Grace Baron, June Groden, Gerald Groden, and Lewis Lipsitt. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 53-92. ISBN: 9780195182262.

Hirstein, William, Portia Iversen, and V. S. Ramachandran. "Autonomic Responses of Autistic Children to People and Objects." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 268 (2001): 1883-1888.

The Galvactivator (Click through to read FAQ)

Picard, Rosalind, and Jocelyn Scheirer. "The Galvactivator: A Glove that Senses and Communicates Skin Conductivity." International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, New Orleans, 2001.

Mueller, Florian, Frank Vetere, Martin Gibbs, Jesper Kjeldskov, Sonja Pedell, and Steve Howard. "Hug Over a Distance." Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2005. (PDF - 1.8 MB)

And don't miss this movie: Hug Over a Distance: An Intimate Interface for Remote Couples

Optional readings

Dobson, Kelly. "Wearable Body Organs: Critical Cognition Becomes (Again) Somatic." Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Creativity and Cognition, 2005.

Vivometric Lifeshirt information

Dawson, Geraldine. "A Psychobiological Perspective on the Early Socio-Emotional Development of Children with Autism." Rochester Symposium on Developmental Psychopathology 3 (1991): 207-234.

Amazon logo Baron, M. Grace, June Groden, Gerald Groden, and Lewis Lipsitt, eds. Stress and Coping in Autism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 53-92. ISBN: 9780195182262.

5 Developmental and intervention theories and technologies for early diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment

Prizant, Barry, et al. "The SCERTS Model: A Transactional, Family-Centered Approach to Enhancing Communication and Socioemotional Abilities of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder." Infants and Young Children 16 (2003): 296-316.

Hayes, Gillian, and Gregory Abowd. "Tensions in Designing Capture Technologies for an Evidence-Based Care Community." Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2006.

Robins, Ben, Kerstin Dautenhahn, and Janek Dubowski. "Investigating Autistic Children's Attitudes Towards Strangers with the Theatrical Robot – A New Experimental Paradigm in Human-Robot Interaction Studies." Proceedings of Ro-Man, 2004.

Scassellati, Brian. "Quantitative Metrics of Social Response for Autism Diagnosis." Proceedings of Ro-Man, 2005.

Dautenhahn, Kerstin. "Design Issues on Interactive Environments for Children with Autism." Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies, 2000.

Billard, Aude, et al. "Building Robota, a Mini-Humanoid Robot for the Rehabilitation of Children with Autism." RESNA Assistive Technology Journal 19, no. 1 (2006).

Kozima, Hideki, Cocoro Nakagawa, and Yuriko Yaasuda. "Interactive Robots for Communication-Care: A Case Study in Autism Therapy." Proceedings of Ro-Man, 2005.

Optional readings

Ozonoff, Sally, Beth Goodlin-Jones, and Marjorie Solomon. "Evidence-Based Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children and Adolescents." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 34 (2005): 523-540.

Michel, Philipp. "The Use of Technology in the Study, Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism." Final term paper for CSC350: Autism and Associated Developmental Disorders, 2004. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.6 MB)

6 Project planning  
7

Autistic neural information processing, from attention to social cognition

Guest lecturer: Matthew Belmonte, Cornell University

Amazon logo Belmonte, Matthew. "Human, But More So: What the Autistic Brain Tells Us About the Process of Narrative." In Autism and Representation. Edited by Mark Osteen. New York, NY: Routledge, 2007. ISBN: 9780415956444.

Belmonte, Matthew, Greg Allen, Andrea Beckel-Mitchener, Lisa Boulanger, Ruth Carper, and Sara Webb. "Autism and Abnormal Development of Brain Connectivity." Journal of Neuroscience 24 (2004): 9228-9231.

Minshew, Nancy, and Gerald Goldstein. "Autism as a Disorder of Complex Information Processing." Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 4 (1998): 129-136.

Happe, Francesca. "Autism: Cognitive Deficit or Cognitive Style?" Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (1999): 216-222.

Begeer, Sander, et al. "Attention to Facial Emotion Expressions in Children with Autism." Autism 10, no. 1 (2006): 37-51.

Williams, Justin, Dominic Massaro, Natalie Peel, Alexis Bosseler, and Thomas Suddendorf. "Visual-Auditory Integration During Speech Imitation in Autism." Research in Developmental Disabilities 25 (2004): 569-575.

Optional readings

Williams, Diane, Gerald Goldstein, and Nancy Minshew. "The Profile of Memory Function in Children with Autism." Neuropsychology 20 (2006): 21-29.

8 Embodied cognition and imitation/mirroring, relevance to development

Klin, Ami, Warren Jones, Robert Schultz, and Fred Volkmar. "The Enactive Mind, Or from Actions to Cognition: Lessons from Autism." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 358 (2003): 345-360.

Amazon logo Meltzoff, Andrew. "Imitation and Other Minds: The 'Like Me' Hypothesis." In Perspectives on Imitation: From Neuroscience to Social Science. Edited by Susan Hurley and Nick Chater. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005, pp. 55-77. ISBN: 9780262582520.

Dapretto, Mirella, et al. "Understanding Emotions in Others: Mirror Neuron Dysfunction in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders." Nature Neuroscience 9 (2005): 28-30.

Dawson, Geraldine. "A Psychobiological Perspective on the Early Socio-Emotional Development of Children with Autism." Rochester Symposium on Developmental Psychopathology 3 (1991): 207-234.

Williams, Justin, Andrew Whiten, Thomas Suddendorf, and David Perrett. "Imitation, Mirror Neurons and Autism." Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 25 (2001): 287-295.

Helper, Alexandra. "The Other Side of the Story." Psychiatric Times 20 (2003).

Optional readings

Tronick, Edward, et al. "The Infant's Response to Entrapment between Contradictory Messages in Face-to-Face Interaction." Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 17, no.1 (1978): 1-13.

Weinberg, M. Katherine, Edward Z. Tronick, Jeffrey F. Cohn, and Karen L. Olson. "Gender Differences in Emotional Expressivity and Self-Regulation During Early Infancy." Developmental Psychology 35, no. 1 (1999): 175-188.

Amazon logo Tronick, Edward. "Why Is Connection with Others So Critical?" In Emotional Development. Edited by Jacqueline Nadel and Darwin Muir. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780198528845.

Gallese, Vittorio. "Intentional Attunement: A Neurophysiological Perspective on Social Cognition and Its Disruption in Autism." Brain Research 1079 (2006): 15-24.

Sebanz, Natalie, Harold Bekkering, and Gunther Knoblich. "Joint Action: Bodies and Minds Moving Together." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2006): 70-76.

Gallese, Vittorio, and Alvin Goldman. "Mirror Neurons and the Simulation Theory of Mind-Reading." Trends in Cognitive Science 2 (1998): 493-501.

Meltzoff, Andrew. "'Like Me': A Foundation for Social Cognition." Developmental Science 10 (2007): 126-134.

9

Current trends in social skills intervention for higher functioning adolescents on the autism spectrum

Guest lecturer: Matt Lerner, Spotlight Program

Amazon logo Gutstein, Steven. Autism Aspergers: Solving the Relationship Puzzle. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons, 2000. ISBN: 9781885477705.

Amazon logo McGinnis, Ellen, and Arnold Goldstein. Skillstreaming the Elementary School Child: New Strategies and Perspectives for Teaching Prosocial Skills. Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780878223725.

Solomon, Marjorie, Beth Goodlin-Jones, and Thomas Anders. "A Social Adjustment Enhancement Intervention for High Functioning Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorders NOS." Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 34 (2004): 649-668.

Tsatsanis, Katherine, Christine Foley, and Claire Donehower. "Contemporary Outcome Research and Programming Guidelines for Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism." Topics in Language Disorders 24 (2004): 249-259.

10 Autism in context: the 1950s/1960s

Amazon logo Bettelheim, Bruno. "Joey the Mechanical Boy." In The Empty Fortress. New York, NY: Free Press, 1972. ISBN: 9780029031407.

Amazon logo Miller, Susan. Family Pictures. London, UK: Orion, 2001. ISBN: 9780575403215.

Note: Bruno Bettelheim's perspective on autism, common in the 1950s and early 1960s, provides a context for understanding the recent historical view of autism: a view, now largely discredited, that has had a major impact on current discourses in the autistic community. The Sue Miller novel depicts a family who is trying to raise an autistic child by following Bettelheim's theory; read the novel to get a general sense of the ambiance of the time and the impact of these ideas on family life. You do not need to do a close reading.

11

Autism in context: Current views of referencing and accommodating autism

Guest lecturer: Estee Klar-Wolfond, Autism Acceptance Project

The Joy of Autism. Search for the following posts:

1. Teaching versus remediating
2. Autism appropriateness and the whole damn thing
3. The learning curve of acceptance
4. The pill to cure the Autism divide
5. The economy of pity

Gernsbacher, Morton Ann, Michelle Dawson, and H. Hill Goldsmith. "Three Reasons Not to Believe in an Autism Epidemic." Current Directions in Psychological Science 14 (2005): 55-58.

Autism and Computing

Gernsbacher, Morton Ann. "Towards A Behaviour of Reciprocity." Journal of Developmental Processes 1 (2006): 139-152.

Dawson, Michelle. "The Misbehaviour of Behaviourists."

Amanda Baggs blog

Sinclair, Jim. "Don't Mourn for Us."

Ragged Edge Online

Disability Nation

YouTube Videos

Credo for Support

When the Moon Come Up

Autism Acceptance Project (watch the videos at the bottom of the site)

Optional readings

Amazon logo Powell, Stuart, and Rita Jordan, eds. Autism and Learning: A Guide to Good Practice. London, UK: David Fulton Publishers, 1997. ISBN: 9781853464218.

Amazon logo Collins, Paul. Not Even Wrong: Adventures in Autism. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, 2004. ISBN: 9781582343679.

Amazon logo Savarese, Ralph. Reasonable People: A Memoir of Autism and Adoption. New York, NY: Other Press, 2007. ISBN: 9781590511299.

Amazon logo Hughes, Robert. Running with Walker: A Memoir. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2003. ISBN: 9781843107552.

Amazon logo Nazeer, Kamram. Send in the Idiots. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, 2007. ISBN: 9781582346205.

Amazon logo Somerville, Margaret. The Ethical Imagination. Toronto, Canada: House of Anansi Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780887847479.

Amazon logo ———. The Ethical Canary. Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780773527843.

Amazon logo Kluth, Paula. You're Going to Love This Kid!: Teaching Students With Autism in the Inclusive Classroom. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company, 2003. ISBN: 9781557666147.

12 Final project presentations and demonstrations