Improved packing strategy for distribution centers to reduce freight cost
Author(s)Zeng, Bowen,M. Eng.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Stephen C. Graves.
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In this thesis, we designed and implemented a data-driven packing strategy for distribution center outbound packing activities to reduce freight cost and carbon footprint. The strategy consists of two parts. First, I proposed an Carton Combination method, an algorithm that can select any predetermined number of distinct cartons from a large carton pools (over 1000 options) to be used for outbound shipment packing such that the annual total wasted air content inside the shipment is minimized. Second, I proposed an Carton Selection algorithm, which can determine the best carton, from the carton options chosen by the Carton Combination method, for an incoming or- der with known dimensions. The entire packing strategy prototype was implemented by MATLAB R2019a; the prototype was tested with the 2018 outbound shipment data from Waters Corporation Global Distribution Center (GDC) and the simulation showed that the annual averaged shipment air percentage was reduced from 60% to 40%, which projects to an annual operation cost saving of 83,000 USD and carbon dioxide emission reduction of 20 ton. The data-driven packing strategy has a potential to be scaled up and implemented via an industrial environment such as SAP ABAP.
This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Thesis: M. Eng. in Advanced Manufacturing and Design, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2019Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (page 79).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology