Engineering probiotic microbes for in vivo applications
Author(s)Müller, Isaak Elis.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology.
Timothy K. Lu.
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Our overall goal is to engineer probiotic microbes as localized diagnostic and therapeutic tools for diseases in the gastrointestinal tract, like inflammatory bowel disease. Current treatments often rely on systemic supplementation of immunomodulatory drugs, potentially leading to severe side effects. The probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii has shown promising results for the use as probiotic supplement for the amelioration of disease-related symptoms in the GI tract. However, its genetic engineering has been limited to date. This work focuses on the development of fundamental engineering tools for S. boulardii, including recombinant protein secretion, a new vector integration system and inducible promoters. Another major obstacle to move synthetic biology technologies from the bench to a patient's bedside is the need for gene circuits to function in a complex environment where unexpected crosstalk can occur. We show that synthetic gene networks can be engineered to compensate for crosstalk by integrating pathway signals, rather than by pathway insulation. We demonstrate this principle using reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive gene circuits in Escherichia coli that exhibit concentration-dependent crosstalk with the non-cognate ROS. By designing gene circuits that introduce compensatory crosstalk at the gene network level, the resulting gene network exhibits reduced crosstalk in the sensing of the two dierent ROS. The development of both fundamental genetic parts in a probiotic chassis as well as more complex genetic networks will contribute to the future implementation of living cell therapeutics in the clinic.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, May, 2020Cataloged from the official PDF of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-136).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology