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Coral biomineralization, climate proxies and the sensitivity of coral reefs to CO₂-driven climate
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2017)
Scleractinian corals extract calcium (Ca²⁺) and carbonate (CO₃²⁻) ions from seawater to construct their calcium carbonate (CaCO₃) skeletons. Key to the coral biomineralization process is the active elevation of the CO₃²⁻ ...