Advanced Search

Modeling Traffic Flow Emissions

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Show simple item record Cappiello, Alessandra 2002-09-17T20:09:50Z 2002-09-17T20:09:50Z 2002-09-17T20:09:50Z
dc.description.abstract The main topic of this thesis is the development of light-duty vehicle dynamic emission models and their integration with dynamic traffic models. Combined, these models constitute fundamental components to support the development and assessment of traffic management policies, and the optimization of their parameters, to alleviate the negative impacts of road traffic. We develop and implement a dynamic model of emissions (CO2, CO, HC, and NOx) and fuel consumption for light-duty vehicles. The model is derived from regression-based and load-based emissions modeling approaches, and effectively combines their respective advantages. The model is calibrated for two vehicle categories using FTP as well MEC01 driving cycles data. The US06 driving cycle is used to validate the estimation capabilities of the proposed model. The preliminary results indicate that the model gives reasonable results compared to actual measurements as well to results obtained with CMEM, a well-known load-based dynamic emission model. Furthermore, the results indicate that the model runs fast, and is relatively simple to calibrate. We propose a framework for the integration of dynamic emission models with nonmicroscopic dynamic traffic models, that do not estimate vehicle acceleration. A probabilistic model of acceleration is designed and implemented to link the traffic and the emission models. The model provides an experimental distribution of the accelerations for any given speed and road type. The framework is applied to integrate the dynamic emission model developed in this thesis with a mesoscopic dynamic traffic flow model. Using a hypothetical case study, we illustrate the potential of the combined models to estimate the effects of route guidance strategies, which are one of numerous examples of dynamic traffic management strategies, on traffic travel times and traffic emissions. In presence of incidents, it is shown that route guidance can reduce total travel times as well as total emissions. en
dc.description.sponsorship The Ford Motor Company en
dc.format.extent 4264953 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject dynamic traffic models en
dc.subject traffic flow emissions en
dc.title Modeling Traffic Flow Emissions en

Files in this item

Name Size Format Description
Alessandra's_Thes ... 4.067Mb PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Ford-MIT Alliance
    Institute-wide collaboration focusing on statistical engineering, virtual education, and the environment

Show simple item record