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Biodegradable microfluidic scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering

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dc.contributor.advisor Robert Langer. en_US Bettinger, Christopher John, 1981- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division. en_US 2005-06-02T19:45:52Z 2005-06-02T19:45:52Z 2004 en_US 2004 en_US
dc.description Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division, 2004. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 91-93). en_US
dc.description.abstract This work describes the integration of novel microfabrication techniques for vascular tissue engineering applications in the context of a novel biodegradable elastomer. The field of tissue engineering and organ regeneration has been born out of the high demand for organ transplants. However, one of the critical limitations in regeneration of vital organs is the lack of an intrinsic blood supply. This work expands on the development of microfluidic scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering applications by employing microfabrication techniques. Unlike previous efforts, this work focuses on fabricating this scaffolds from poly(glycerol-sebacate) (PGS), a novel biodegradable elastomer with superior mechanical properties. The transport properties of oxygen and carbon dioxide in PGS were measured through a series of time-lag diffusion experiments. The results of these measurements were used to calculate a characteristic length scale for oxygen diffusion limits in PGS scaffolds. Microfluidic scaffolds were then produced using fabrication techniques specific for PGS. Initial efforts have resulted in solid PGS-based scaffolds with biomimetic fluid flow and capillary channels on the order of 10 microns in width. These scaffolds have also been seeded with endothelial cells and perfused continuously in culture for up to 14 days resulting in partially confluent channels. More complex fabrication techniques were also demonstrated. A novel electrodeposition technique was used in the fabrication of biomimetic microfluidic masters. Thin-walled devices were also synthesized to accommodate the relatively low gas permeability of PGS. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Christopher John Bettinger. en_US
dc.format.extent 96 leaves en_US
dc.format.extent 6034088 bytes
dc.format.extent 6045112 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights MIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. en_US
dc.subject Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.title Biodegradable microfluidic scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US M.Eng. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 57364265 en_US

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