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dc.contributor.advisorGerbrand Ceder.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReed, John Stuart, 1968-en_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-03-24T18:07:50Z
dc.date.available2006-03-24T18:07:50Z
dc.date.copyright2003en_US
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/29972
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2003.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 303-311).en_US
dc.description.abstractUsing first principles calculations the effect of electronic structure on the stability of positive electrode materials for lithium rechargeable batteries is investigated. The investigation focuses upon lithiated α-NaFeO₂ type 3d transition metal oxide structures. It is found that the ligand field stabilization energy (LFSE) is of particular importance in stabilizing the α-NaFeO₂ type layered structure with general formula Li[sub]x MO₂ (0 <[or equal to] x <[or equal to] 1 and M = Co, Fe, Mn, Ni, ...) at partial lithiation. The key quantity is found to be the difference in LFSE between the 3d metal ion in tetrahedral coordination and octahedral coordination in the cubic close packed (CCP) oxygen framework. If the change in LFSE is small, then the migration of 3d transition metal ions between tetrahedral and octahedral sites generally involves less variation in energy, and hence is easier. This facilitates diffusion of the 3d transition metal ions through the CCP oxygen framework and tends to destabilize the layered structure at partial lithiation. Layered lithium manganese oxide is given particular attention as a material that rapidly transforms to a spinel-like structure with electrochemical cycling. Focus is also placed upon layered lithium cobalt oxide as a material that remains stable in the layered structure with electrochemical cycling. The differing stability of these compounds in the layered structure is explained in terms of LFSE. Spin pairing energy (SPE) is also found to make an important contribution to the energetics of low spin transition metal oxides like lithium cobalt oxide. The influence of SPE on structural stability, as well as other aspects of transition metal electronic structure, are addressed as well. The importance of LFSE, and hence valence, on the stability of the layered structure recommends various doping strategies. In the case of lithium manganese oxide it is found that dopants which decrease the filling of the Mn e[sub]g orbitals stabilize Mn in octahedral coordination, and hence stabilize the layered structure. Dopants which produce this effect are identified as low charge fixed valence ions like Li+, A1³+, Mg²+, or elements with greater electronegativity than Mn³+ such as Ni²+, Co³+, or Cr³+.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby John Stuart Reed.en_US
dc.format.extent311 p.en_US
dc.format.extent13157589 bytes
dc.format.extent23099591 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
dc.subjectMaterials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.titleAb-initio study of cathode materials for lithium batteriesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh.D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc54764640en_US


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