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Using institutions to moderate separatist tendencies : a focus on Iraqi Kurdistan

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dc.contributor.advisor Roger D. Petersen. en_US Weinstock, Adele B., 1980- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Political Science. en_US 2006-03-24T18:35:21Z 2006-03-24T18:35:21Z 2005 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Political Science, 2005. en_US
dc.description "February 2005." en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis offers an alternate theory to the problem of secessionism by integrating two separate fields of research: nationalism and constitutional engineering. In particular, I apply two prominent theories of nationalism, those of Ernest Gellner and Benedict Anderson, to the problem of constitutional engineering. The theories developed by Gellner and Anderson have furthered our understanding of the historical and evolutionary processes of nationhood and nationalism. I argue that the insight offered by these theories can therefore better guide policy makers, scholars, and constitutional engineers in the design of political institutions for deeply-divided societies. The engineering of institutions has the capacity to contain separatist conflict by striking at what I argue are the two necessary cause of secessionism - desire and ability. In my thesis I focus on one case study in particular, that of Iraqi Kurdistan. I argue that a secessionist movement by Iraqi Kurds can best be thwarted by applying a two-pronged strategy: First, devolve enough power to the Kurds so that their rights as a minority group are protected and their desire for self-rule is fulfilled. Likewise, ensure the representation of Kurds in all levels of government. Second, encourage diversity within the Kurdish political arena. Both components of this strategy can be achieved by adopting a proportional representation electoral formula, selecting a territorially-based federalism, and choosing a parliamentary system. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Adele B. Weinstock. en_US
dc.format.extent 48 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 4665249 bytes
dc.format.extent 4668958 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Political Science. en_US
dc.title Using institutions to moderate separatist tendencies : a focus on Iraqi Kurdistan en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Political Science. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 60843749 en_US

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