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A Mars-back approach to lunar surface operations

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dc.contributor.advisor Jeffrey Hoffman. en_US Kleinwaks, Howard Neil en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US 2006-03-29T18:46:40Z 2006-03-29T18:46:40Z 2005 en_US 2005 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2005. en_US
dc.description "The code for the Activities Model and the Habitat Model can be found on the CD accompanying this thesis"--Appendix C, p. 113. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 104-116). en_US
dc.description.abstract The Vision for Space Exploration initiated a new space exploration program and called for a long term national commitment to space exploration starting with a return to the Moon and continuing with the exploration of Mars and beyond. The development and operation of the new space exploration system needs to occur within the confines of NASA's current funding. This funding restriction prevents the development of separate space exploration systems for both the Moon and Mars. Therefore, in order to explore both locations, it is necessary to adopt a "Mars-back" approach to lunar exploration, wherein a Martian system is designed and then applied to the Moon. The lunar missions will not require the entire suite of hardware that will be needed on Mars. This thesis describes the reasoning behind using a Mars-back approach and its application to surface operations, using a baseline surface architecture consisting of 5 crew staying on the surface of Mars for 600 days. The surface mobility system will consist of 5 all-terrain vehicles and two towable pressurized volumes, termed campers. The power and habitation requirements are discussed. The Martian surface architecture is then applied to the Moon, where the performance of the same equipment on the lunar surface is evaluated. A campaign of lunar missions is designed to take advantage of the staged development of equipment for the exploration system. While the entire suite of equipment will be needed on Mars, the lunar missions can accomplish useful work and perform real exploration using only a subset of the equipment, such as only the mobility equipment and not the habitat. The main goal of the lunar missions is to prepare for Martian exploration. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) The progress of the lunar missions towards accomplishing this goal is measured using the Mars Exploration Readiness Level (MERL). en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Howard Neil Kleinwaks. en_US
dc.format.extent 113 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 7574378 bytes
dc.format.extent 7580849 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.relation.requires Code written in MATLAB. en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.title A Mars-back approach to lunar surface operations en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 61752024 en_US

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