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Design and analysis of a high-rate acoustic link for underwater video transmission

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dc.contributor.advisor Milica Stojanovic. en_US Pelekanakis, Konstantinos en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Ocean Engineering. en_US 2006-07-31T15:22:35Z 2006-07-31T15:22:35Z 2004 en_US 2004 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Ocean Engineering, 2004. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 74-75). en_US
dc.description.abstract A high bit rate acoustic link for underwater video transmission is examined. Currently, encoding standards support video transmission at bit rates as low as 64 kbps. While this rate is still above the limit of commercially available acoustic modems, prototype acoustic modems based on phase coherent modulation/detection have demonstrated successful transmission at 30 kbps over a deep water channel. The key to bridging the remaining gap between the bit-rate needed for video transmission and that supported by the acoustic channel lies in two approaches: use of efficient image/video compression algorithms and use of high-level bandwidth-efficient modulation methods. An experimental system, based on discrete cosine transform (DCT) and Huffman entropy coding for image compression, and variable rate M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) was implemented. Phase-coherent equalization is accomplished by joint operation of a decision feedback equalizer (DFE) and a second order phase locked loop (PLL). System performance is demonstrated experimentally, using transmission rate of 25000 symbols/sec at a carrier frequency of 75 kHz over a 10 m vertical path. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Excellent results were obtained, thus demonstrating bit rates as high as 150 kbps, which are sufficient for real-time transmission of compressed video. As an alternative to conventional QAM signaling, whose high-level constellations are sensitive to phase distortions induced by the channel, M-ary differential amplitude and phase shift keying (DAPSK) was used. DAPSK does not require explicit carrier phase synchronization at the receiver, but instead relies on simple differentially coherent detection. Receiver processing includes a linear equalizer whose coefficients are adjusted using a modified linear least square (LMS) algorithm. Simulation results confirm good performance of the differentially coherent equalization scheme employed. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Konstantinos Pelekanakis. en_US
dc.format.extent 75 leaves en_US
dc.format.extent 3360736 bytes
dc.format.extent 3363804 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Ocean Engineering. en_US
dc.title Design and analysis of a high-rate acoustic link for underwater video transmission en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Ocean Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 64583689 en_US

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