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Browsing Working Papers by Title

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  • Deschênes, Olivier; Greenstone, Michael; Shapiro, Joseph S. (MIT CEEPR, 2012-07)
    Willingness to pay for air quality is a function of health and the costly defensive investments that contribute to health, but there is little research assessing the empirical importance of defensive investments. The setting ...
  • Joskow, Paul L. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2000)
    This paper discusses the evolution of wholesale and retail competition in the U.S electricity sector and associated industry restructuring and regulatory reforms. It begins with a discussion of the industry structure and ...
  • Inoue, Masayuki (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 1994)
    In recent years, the circumstances surrounding Japanese City gas industries have been changing drastically. On one hand, as energy suppliers, natural gas which has become major fuel resource for city gas, as public utilities, ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny; Parsons, John E. (2009)
    In this paper we focus on one component of the cap-and-trade system: the markets that arise for trading allowances after they have been allocated or auctioned. The efficient functioning of the market is key to the success ...
  • Arellano, María Soledad (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2003)
    This paper examines the incentives to exercise market power that generators would face and the different strategies that they would follow if all electricity supplies in Chile were traded in an hourly-unregulated spot ...
  • Green, Richard (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2004)
    Electricity generators can raise the price of power by withholding their plant from the market. We discuss two ways in which this could have affected prices in the England and Wales Pool. Withholding low-cost capacity which ...
  • Greenstone, Michael (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2003)
    Over the last three decades, ambient concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) air pollution have declined by approximately 80%. This paper tests whether the 1970 Clean Air Act and its subsequent amendments caused this decline. ...
  • Joskow, Paul L. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2003)
    This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of the causes and consequences of state and federal initiatives to introduce wholesale and retail competition into the U.S. electricity sector between 1995 and the present. ...
  • Myers, Stewart C.; Ruback, Richard S. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 1993)
    This paper develops a new rule for calculating the discount rate to value risky projects. The rule works under any linear asset pricing model and any equilibrium theory of debt and taxes. If securities are priced by the ...
  • Smith, James L. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2003)
    Alternative market structures are distinguishable by the degree of parallel action exhibited by producers. We show that the correlation between output levels varies systematically with the degree of interdependence among ...
  • Smith, James L.; Thompson, Rex W. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2005)
    Conventional wisdom holds that dependence among geological prospects increases exploration risk. However, dependence also creates the option to truncate exploration if early results are discouraging. We show that the value ...
  • Rious, Vincent (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2008)
    It is puzzling today to explain diversity and imperfection of actual transmission monopoly designs in competitive electricity markets. We argue that transmission monopoly in competitive electricity markets has to be analysed ...
  • Rose, Nancy L.; Markiewicz, Kira; Wolfram, Catherine D. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2004)
    Although the allocative efficiency benefits of competition are a tenet of microeconomic theory, the relation between competition and technical efficiency is less well understood. Neoclassical models of profit-maximization ...
  • Greenstone, Michael; Gallagher, Justin (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2006)
    This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts ...
  • Currie, Janet; Davis, Lucas; Greenstone, Michael; Walker, Reed (MIT CEEPR, 2012-01)
    A ubiquitous and largely unquestioned assumption in studies of housing markets is that there is perfect information about local amenities. This paper measures the housing market and health impacts of 1,600 openings and ...
  • Pindyck, Robert S.; Rotemberg, Julio (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 1990)
    We show that comovements of individual stock prices cannot be justified by economic fundamentals. This finding is a rejection of the present value model of security valuation. Unlike other tests of this model, ours is ...
  • Parsons, John E. (2008)
    Constellation Energy has been a leading performer in the merchant power business since 2001. In addition to its legacy utility, Baltimore Gas and Electric, Constellation is a merchant generator and a wholesale power marketer ...
  • Deryugina, Tatyana (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2011-05)
    We know little about the dynamic economic impacts of natural disasters. I examine the effect of hurricanes on US counties’ economies 0-10 years after landfall. Overall, I find no substantial changes in county population, ...
  • Pindyck, Robert S. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2001)
    I discuss the short-run dynamics of commodity prices, production, and inventories, as well as the sources and effects of market volatility. I explain how prices, rates of production, and inventory levels are interrelated, ...
  • Pindyck, Robert S. (MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, 2009-09)
    What is the likelihood that the U.S. will experience a devastating catastrophic event over the next few decades – something that would substantially reduce the capital stock, GDP and wealth? What does the possibility of ...
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