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Optimization of cell adhesion environments for a liver cell bioreactor

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Show simple item record Wongchaowart, Michael B en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division. en_US 2006-09-28T15:12:46Z 2006-09-28T15:12:46Z 2005 en_US 2006 en_US
dc.description Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division, February 2006. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 40-44). en_US
dc.description.abstract The MilliF bioreactor offers great potential for the formation of i vivo-like liver tissue outside the body, making it a valuable tool for applications such as drug toxicity models and biosensors. Cell adhesion is an important factor in the maintenance of differentiated hepatocyte functions. Hepatocyte adhesion environments were examined in two settings: spheroid culture prior to seeding in the bioreactor and 2D surface culture methods that could be applied to the bioreactor scaffold. Spheroids were formed either by culturing in spinning suspension or on a static, non-adherent surface. In spheroid culture, the addition of extracellular matrix (ECM) signaling through the use of soluble Matrigel or adhesion protein-coated microspheres did not improve hepatocyte viability or function as assessed by liver-specific gene expression. These results suggest the importance of cell-cell rather than cell-surface interactions in maintaining hepatocytes. Optimal culturing of spheroids in spinning suspension without the ECM addition was found to be 3 days without media changes. 2D surfaces were treated with an adhesion peptide-conjugated comb polymer, preventing nonspecific cell adhesion and allowing attachment through the [alpha]₅[beta]₁ integrin. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Varying the proportion of adhesion peptide presented to cells was found to regulate hepatocyte morphology and function; a surface with decreased hepatocyte spreading and liver-specific gene expression closer to in vivo was characterized. Immunoblotting for activated focal adhesion kinase (FAK) revealed that FAK signaling was not induced by attachment to the comb polymer surfaces. Immunostaining for other liver cell types demonstrated that the surface allowed hepatic stellate cell and Kupffer cell adhesion. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Michael B. Wongchaowart. en_US
dc.format.extent 44 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 2962961 bytes
dc.format.extent 2964780 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights MIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. en_US
dc.subject Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.title Optimization of cell adhesion environments for a liver cell bioreactor en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US M.Eng. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 69018970 en_US

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