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Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Sue Wing, Ian. (2003-07)
    Cap-and-trade systems limit emissions to some pre-specified absolute quantity. Intensity-based limits, that restrict emissions to some pre-specified rate relative to input or output, are much more widely used in environmental ...
  • Sue Wing, Ian.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Song, Jaemin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-01)
    We elucidate the differences between absolute and intensity-based limits of CO2 emission when there is uncertainty about the future. We demonstrate that the two limits are identical under certainty, and rigorously establish ...
  • Shackley, Simon.; Risbey, James; Stone, Peter H.; Wynne, Brian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-05)
    This paper surveys and interprets the attitudes of scientists to the use of flux adjustments in climate projections with coupled Atmosphere Ocean General Circulation Models. The survey is based largely on the responses of ...
  • Yang, Trent.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Scientists and policy makers have become increasingly aware of the need to jointly study climate change and air pollution because of the interactions among policy measures and in the atmospheric chemistry that creates the ...
  • Buchner, Barbara.; Carraro, Carlo.; Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-10)
    A critical issue in dealing with climate change is deciding who has a right to emit carbon dioxide (CO2), and under what conditions, when those emissions are limited. The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) ...
  • Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam; Xie, Pingping; Monier, Erwan; Entekhabi, Dara (MIT Joint Program, 2013-11)
    Global warming is expected to alter the frequency, intensity, and risk of extreme precipitation events. However, global climate models in general do not correctly reproduce the frequency and intensity distribution of ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Kicklighter, David W.; Wang, Chien; Schlosser, C. Adam; Paltsev, Sergey; Forest, Chris Eliot; Reilly, John M.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Webster, Mort D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-09)
    Although policymaking in response to the climate change is essentially a challenge of risk management, most studies of the relation of emissions targets to desired climate outcomes are either deterministic or subject to a ...
  • Choi, Ki-Hong. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-11)
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Decaux, Annelène. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-10)
    Marginal abatement curves (MACs) are often used heuristically to demonstrate the advantages of emissions trading. In this paper, the authors derive MACs from EPPA, the MIT Joint Program's computable general equilibrium ...
  • Hashimoto, Susumu (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-01)
    This paper examines the relationship between future carbon prices and the expected profit of companies by case studies with model companies. As the future carbon price will vary significantly in accordance with the political ...
  • McFarland, James R.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    Application of the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to assessment of the future of coal under climate policy revealed the need for an improved representation of load dispatch in the representation ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-10)
    An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...
  • Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Holak, Jennifer (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    The U.S. Congress is considering a set of bills designed to limit the nation’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Several of these proposals call for a cap-and-trade system; others propose an emissions tax. This paper ...
  • Blanc, E.; Strzepek, K.; Schlosser, C.A.; Jacoby, H.D.; Gueneau, A.; Fant, C.; Rausch, S.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-02)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework, extended to include a Water Resource System (WRS) component, is applied to an integrated assessment of effects of alternative climate policy scenarios on U.S. water ...
  • Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.; Rausch, S.; Zhang, X. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to China’s sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), a coal or fossil ...
  • Reiner, David M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-10)
    Drawing upon a variety of different criteria, many nations have introduced proposals to differentiate the reductions in carbon emissions that would be required of industrialized nations in the short to medium term. This ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Tatang, Menner A.; McRae, Gregory J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-01)
    This paper presents the probabilistic collocation method as a computationally efficient method for performing uncertainty analysis on large complex models such as those used in global climate change research. The collocation ...
  • Karplus, V.J.; Paltsev, S.; Babiker, M.; Heywood, J.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
    A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) models is to maintain correspondence between the forecasted economic and physical quantities over time. Maintaining such a correspondence is necessary to ...
  • Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-09)
    We assess the simulations of global-scale evapotranspiration from the Global Soil Wetness Project Phase 2 (GSWP-2) within a global water-budget framework. The scatter in the GSWP-2 global evapotranspiration estimates from ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Gurgel, Angelo C.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Holak, Jennifer F. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...
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