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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Webster, Mort D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Nam, Kyung-Min; Wu, Shiliang; Selin, Noelle E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
    We assess the human health and economic impacts of projected 2000-2050 changes in ozone pollution using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis-Health Effects (EPPA-HE) model, in combination with results from the ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-09)
  • Schlosser, C. Adam; Kicklighter, David; Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
    Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-09)
    The climatological impact of increases in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, despite being a subject of intensive study in recent years, is still very uncertain. One major uncertainty affecting possible climate ...
  • Reilly, John (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-14)
    The relatively new concept of "green growth" can be fruitfully connected to concepts and theories in neoclassical economics including market externalities, Ricardian and Hotelling rents, and policies that would correct ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-07)
    The current economic modeling of emissions limitations does not embody economic features that are likely to be particularly important in the short term, yet the politics of limiting greenhouse gas emissions are often ...
  • Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-11)
    This paper discusses the design of efficient environmental policies in general and reviews omissions and shortcomings of the presentation of the economic dimensions of climate change in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...
  • Matus, Kira; Nam, Kyung-Min; Selin, Noelle E.; Lamsal, Lok N.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-03)
    In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...
  • Matus, Kira; Nam, Kyung-Min; Selin, Noelle E.; Lamsal, Lok N.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-03)
    In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...
  • Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey; Choumert, Frederic (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
    The crude slate is likely to become heavier in the future with greater reliance on bitumens, tar sands, heavy oils, and eventually possibly shale oil. Under standard refining processes these crude oil sources produce a ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-10)
    We present a pedagogical paper on the detection of climate change and its attribution to anthropogenic influences. We attempt to separate the key thought processes and tools that are used when making qualitative statements ...
  • Winchester, Niven (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-02)
    Border carbon adjustments (BCAs) have been proposed to address leakage and competitiveness concerns. In traditional assessments, firms regard BCAs as output taxes rather than implicit emissions taxes. Using a stylized ...
  • Winchester, Niven; Wollersheim, C.; Clewlow, R.; Jost, N.C.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-04)
    We evaluate the impact of an economy-wide cap-and-trade policy on U.S. aviation taking the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454) as a representative example. We use an economywide model to estimate the ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
    The possible trends for atmospheric carbon monoxide in the next 100 yr have been illustrated using a coupled atmospheric chemistry and climate model driven by emissions predicted by a global economic development model. ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Kim, Dongchul. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    We describe in this report an effort using the MIT/NCAR three-dimensional aerosol-climate model to study the impact of ship emissions on chemical composition and radiative forcing of aerosols. Our results indicate that ...
  • Hallgren, Willow; Schlosser, Adam; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-08-06)
    The impact on climate of future land use and energy policy scenarios is explored using two landuse frameworks: (i) Pure Cost Conversion Response (PCCR), or 'extensification', where the price of land is the only constraint ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-08)
    Conducting probabilistic climate projections with a particular climate model requires the ability to vary the model’s characteristics, such as its climate sensitivity. In this study, we implement and validate a method to ...
  • Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    Climate change presents the greatest challenge ever faced by our domestic and international institutions, and a great deal of the difficulty lies in the science of the issue. Because human influence on global climate differs ...
  • Gupta, Shreekant. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-06)
    As a consequence of the flexibility mechanisms incorporated in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanism are being widely discussed in the context of greenhouse ...
  • Sue Wing, Ian. (2003-09)
    This paper investigates the potential for a carbon tax to induce R&D, and for the consequent induced technical change (ITC) to lower the macroeconomic cost of abating carbon emissions. ITC is modelled within a general ...
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