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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-10)
    An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...
  • Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Holak, Jennifer (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    The U.S. Congress is considering a set of bills designed to limit the nation’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Several of these proposals call for a cap-and-trade system; others propose an emissions tax. This paper ...
  • Blanc, E.; Strzepek, K.; Schlosser, C.A.; Jacoby, H.D.; Gueneau, A.; Fant, C.; Rausch, S.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-02)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework, extended to include a Water Resource System (WRS) component, is applied to an integrated assessment of effects of alternative climate policy scenarios on U.S. water ...
  • Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.; Rausch, S.; Zhang, X. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to China’s sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), a coal or fossil ...
  • Reiner, David M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-10)
    Drawing upon a variety of different criteria, many nations have introduced proposals to differentiate the reductions in carbon emissions that would be required of industrialized nations in the short to medium term. This ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Tatang, Menner A.; McRae, Gregory J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-01)
    This paper presents the probabilistic collocation method as a computationally efficient method for performing uncertainty analysis on large complex models such as those used in global climate change research. The collocation ...
  • Karplus, V.J.; Paltsev, S.; Babiker, M.; Heywood, J.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
    A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) models is to maintain correspondence between the forecasted economic and physical quantities over time. Maintaining such a correspondence is necessary to ...
  • Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-09)
    We assess the simulations of global-scale evapotranspiration from the Global Soil Wetness Project Phase 2 (GSWP-2) within a global water-budget framework. The scatter in the GSWP-2 global evapotranspiration estimates from ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Gurgel, Angelo C.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Holak, Jennifer F. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...
  • Kriesche, Pascal; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program, 2013-09)
    In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Reiner, David M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-11)
  • Rausch, Sebastian; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey; Gitiaux, Xavier (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
    We examine the effect of biofuels mandates and climate policy on the European vehicle fleet, considering the prospects for diesel and gasoline vehicles. We use the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, ...
  • Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
    We describe an approach for incorporating biomass energy production and competition for land into the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy, ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Zimmerman, Martin B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-06)
    The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...
  • Chen, Y.-H. Henry; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John; Chan, Gabriel (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-01)
    We investigate the effects of implementing CO2 emissions reduction policies on Canada’s oil sands industry, the largest of its kind in the world. The production of petroleum products from oils sands involves extraction of ...
  • Bruno, Lanz, 1980-; Rausch, Sebastian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-07-10)
    We examine the impacts of alternative cap-and-trade allowance allocation designs in a model of the U.S. economy where price-regulated electric utilities generate 30% of total CO2 emissions. Our empirical model embeds a ...
  • Fullerton, Don.; Metcalf, Gilbert E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-03)
    We extend an analytical general equilibrium model of environmental policy with pre-existing labor tax distortions to include pre-existing monopoly power as well. We show that the existence of monopoly power has two offsetting ...
  • Viguier, Laurent L.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-02)
    We estimate reference CO₂ emission projections in the European Union, and quantify the economic impacts of the Kyoto commitment on Member States. We consider the case where each EU member individually meets a CO₂ emissions ...
  • Zhang, Xiliang; Karplus, Valerie J.; Qi, Tianyu; Zhang, Da; He, Jiankun (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-10)
    While China is on track to meet its global climate commitments through 2020, China’s post-2020 CO2 emissions trajectory is highly uncertain, with projections varying widely across studies. Over the past year, the Chinese ...
  • Rausch, Sebastian; Reilly, John (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-08)
    Bush-era tax cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, leading to interest in raising revenue through a carbon tax. This revenue could be used to either cut other taxes or to avoid cuts in Federal programs. There ...
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