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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-08)
    Conducting probabilistic climate projections with a particular climate model requires the ability to vary the model’s characteristics, such as its climate sensitivity. In this study, we implement and validate a method to ...
  • Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    Climate change presents the greatest challenge ever faced by our domestic and international institutions, and a great deal of the difficulty lies in the science of the issue. Because human influence on global climate differs ...
  • Gupta, Shreekant. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-06)
    As a consequence of the flexibility mechanisms incorporated in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanism are being widely discussed in the context of greenhouse ...
  • Sue Wing, Ian. (2003-09)
    This paper investigates the potential for a carbon tax to induce R&D, and for the consequent induced technical change (ITC) to lower the macroeconomic cost of abating carbon emissions. ITC is modelled within a general ...
  • Thompson, T.M.; Selin, N.E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-12)
    We evaluate the uncertainty associated with regional air quality modeling grid resolution when calculating the health benefits of proposed air quality regulations. Using a regional photochemical model (CAMx), we ran two ...
  • Jacoby, H.D.; O'Sullivan, F.M.; Paltsev, S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-11)
    The emergence of U.S. shale gas resources to economic viability affects the nation’s energy outlook and the expected role of natural gas in climate policy. Even in the face of the current shale gas boom, however, questions ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Paltsev, Sergey; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-09)
    A wide variety of scenarios for future development have played significant roles in climate policy discussions. This paper presents projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, sea level rise due to thermal expansion ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-02)
    The determination of long-term goals for climate policy, or of near-term mitigation effort, requires a shared conception among nations of what is at stake. Unfortunately, because of different attitudes to risk, problems ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris E.; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-18)
    This paper describes an integrated assessment framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), ...
  • Zhang, D.; Davidson, M.; Gunturu, B.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models seeking to evaluate the impacts of electricity policy face difficulties incorporating detail on the variable nature of renewable energy resources. To improve the accuracy of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery; Sokolov, Andrei; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, Chien.; Xiao, Xiangming.; Yang, Zili.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Stone, Peter H.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Fitzmaurice, Jean.; Kicklighter, David W.; Holian, Gary L.; Liu, Yuexin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-05)
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-09)
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-09)
    Continually increasing atmospheric concentrations of radiatively important chemical species such as CO2, CH4, N2O, tropospheric O3, and certain halocarbons most likely will cause future climate changes, which could in turn ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Viguier, Laurent L. (2002-12)
    Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...
  • Herzog, Howard J.; Caldeira, Ken.; Reilly, John M. (2002-12)
    In this paper, we present a method to quantify the effectiveness of carbon mitigation options taking into account the "permanence" of the emissions reduction. While the issue of permanence is most commonly associated with ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-08)
    We find that, on an economic basis, nuclear power could make a substantial contribution for meeting the emissions target Japan agreed to in the Kyoto Protocol. It is unlikely however that the contribution would be as large ...
  • Atkeson, Erica. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-06)
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-06)
    The authors offer a provisional assessment of where the Kyoto negotiations have left the climate change issue. They present a few widely divergent assesments of what the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change will accomplish, ...
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