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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris E.; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-18)
    This paper describes an integrated assessment framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), ...
  • Zhang, D.; Davidson, M.; Gunturu, B.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models seeking to evaluate the impacts of electricity policy face difficulties incorporating detail on the variable nature of renewable energy resources. To improve the accuracy of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery; Sokolov, Andrei; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, Chien.; Xiao, Xiangming.; Yang, Zili.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Stone, Peter H.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Fitzmaurice, Jean.; Kicklighter, David W.; Holian, Gary L.; Liu, Yuexin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-05)
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-09)
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-09)
    Continually increasing atmospheric concentrations of radiatively important chemical species such as CO2, CH4, N2O, tropospheric O3, and certain halocarbons most likely will cause future climate changes, which could in turn ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Viguier, Laurent L. (2002-12)
    Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...
  • Herzog, Howard J.; Caldeira, Ken.; Reilly, John M. (2002-12)
    In this paper, we present a method to quantify the effectiveness of carbon mitigation options taking into account the "permanence" of the emissions reduction. While the issue of permanence is most commonly associated with ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-08)
    We find that, on an economic basis, nuclear power could make a substantial contribution for meeting the emissions target Japan agreed to in the Kyoto Protocol. It is unlikely however that the contribution would be as large ...
  • Atkeson, Erica. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-06)
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-06)
    The authors offer a provisional assessment of where the Kyoto negotiations have left the climate change issue. They present a few widely divergent assesments of what the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change will accomplish, ...
  • Caron, Justin; Rausch, Sebastian; Winchester, Niven (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05-29)
    With federal policies to curb greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. stagnating, California has taken action on its own. We estimate the impact of California’s cap-and-trade program on the leakage of emissions to other ...
  • Gavard, Claire; Winchester, Niven; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    In the negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), new market mechanisms are proposed to involve Non-Annex I countries in the carbon markets developed by Annex I countries, beyond ...
  • Mayer, Monika.; Wang, Chien.; Webster, Mort David.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-06)
    We have incorporated a reduced-form urban air chemistry model in MIT's 2D-LO coupled chemistry-climate model. The computationally efficient reduced-form urban model is derived from the California Institute of Technology-Carnegie ...
  • Morris, Jennifer; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    Marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves, relationships between tons of emissions abated and the CO2 (or GHG) price, have been widely used as pedagogic devices to illustrate simple economic concepts such as the benefits of ...
  • Winchester, N.; McConnachie, D.; Wollersheim, C.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...
  • Carlén, Björn. (2003-01)
    The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Selin, Noelle E.; Nam, Kyung-Min (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
    To evaluate the socio-economic impacts of air pollution, we develop an integrated approach based on computable general equilibrium (CGE). Applying our approach to Europe shows that even there, where air quality is relatively ...
  • Stokes, Leah C.; Selin, Noelle E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    Environmental negotiations and policy decisions take place at the science–policy interface. While this is well known in academic literature, it is often difficult to convey how science and policy interact to students in ...
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