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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Xu, L.; Pyles, R.D.; Paw U, K.T.; Snyder, R.; Monier, E.; Falk, M.; S.-H., Chen (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-12)
    In this study, we couple the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) with the Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm (ACASA), a high complexity land surface model, to investigate the impact of canopy representation ...
  • Zhang, X.; Qi, T.; Zhang, X. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-12)
    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) from coal combustion is widely viewed as an important approach for China’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emission mitigation, but the pace of its development is still fairly slow. In addition to the ...
  • Zhang, Xiaohan; Qi, Tianyu; Zhang, Xiliang (2015-12-28)
    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) from coal combustion is widely viewed as an important approach for China’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emission mitigation, but the pace of its development is still fairly slow. In addition to the ...
  • Winchester, Niven; Wollersheim, C.; Clewlow, R.; Jost, N.C.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-04)
    We evaluate the impact of an economy-wide cap-and-trade policy on U.S. aviation taking the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454) as a representative example. We use an economywide model to estimate the ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
    The possible trends for atmospheric carbon monoxide in the next 100 yr have been illustrated using a coupled atmospheric chemistry and climate model driven by emissions predicted by a global economic development model. ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Kim, Dongchul. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    We describe in this report an effort using the MIT/NCAR three-dimensional aerosol-climate model to study the impact of ship emissions on chemical composition and radiative forcing of aerosols. Our results indicate that ...
  • Paltsev, S.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Karplus, V.; Kishimoto, P.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-05)
    CO2 emissions mandates for new light-duty passenger vehicles have recently been adopted in the European Union (EU), which require steady reductions to 95 g CO2/km in 2021. Using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, ...
  • Hallgren, Willow; Schlosser, Adam; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-08-06)
    The impact on climate of future land use and energy policy scenarios is explored using two landuse frameworks: (i) Pure Cost Conversion Response (PCCR), or 'extensification', where the price of land is the only constraint ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-08)
    Conducting probabilistic climate projections with a particular climate model requires the ability to vary the model’s characteristics, such as its climate sensitivity. In this study, we implement and validate a method to ...
  • Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    Climate change presents the greatest challenge ever faced by our domestic and international institutions, and a great deal of the difficulty lies in the science of the issue. Because human influence on global climate differs ...
  • Gupta, Shreekant. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-06)
    As a consequence of the flexibility mechanisms incorporated in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanism are being widely discussed in the context of greenhouse ...
  • Sue Wing, Ian. (2003-09)
    This paper investigates the potential for a carbon tax to induce R&D, and for the consequent induced technical change (ITC) to lower the macroeconomic cost of abating carbon emissions. ITC is modelled within a general ...
  • Thompson, T.M.; Selin, N.E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-12)
    We evaluate the uncertainty associated with regional air quality modeling grid resolution when calculating the health benefits of proposed air quality regulations. Using a regional photochemical model (CAMx), we ran two ...
  • Ramberg, D.J.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Paltsev, S.; Parsons, J.E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-12)
    The paper examines conditions under which gas-to-liquids (GTL) technology penetration shifts the crude oil-natural gas price ratio. Technologies that enable direct substitution across fuels, as GTL does, may constrain the ...
  • Jacoby, H.D.; O'Sullivan, F.M.; Paltsev, S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-11)
    The emergence of U.S. shale gas resources to economic viability affects the nation’s energy outlook and the expected role of natural gas in climate policy. Even in the face of the current shale gas boom, however, questions ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Paltsev, Sergey; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-09)
    A wide variety of scenarios for future development have played significant roles in climate policy discussions. This paper presents projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, sea level rise due to thermal expansion ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-02)
    The determination of long-term goals for climate policy, or of near-term mitigation effort, requires a shared conception among nations of what is at stake. Unfortunately, because of different attitudes to risk, problems ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris E.; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-18)
    This paper describes an integrated assessment framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), ...
  • Zhang, D.; Davidson, M.; Gunturu, B.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models seeking to evaluate the impacts of electricity policy face difficulties incorporating detail on the variable nature of renewable energy resources. To improve the accuracy of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery; Sokolov, Andrei; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario ...
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