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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Mayer, Monika.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Hyman, Robert C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-02)
    The Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model is a component of the MIT Integrated Earth Systems Model (IGSM). Here, we provide an overview of the model accessible to a broad audience and present the detailed ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; McFarland, James R.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Asadoorian, Malcolm O.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-08)
    The Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model is the part of the MIT Integrated Global Systems Model (IGSM) that represents the human systems. EPPA is a recursive-dynamic multi-regional general equilibrium model ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Schlosser, C. Adam.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Kicklighter, David W.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reilly, John M.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Scott, Jeffery.; Stone, Peter H.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Cohen, Jason B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-07)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and ...
  • Bugnion, Véronique. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
    The six possible combinations of two climate models and three methods for calculating the melting of snow and ice are used to estimate current values of accumulation and ablation on the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. ...
  • Asadoorian, Malcolm O.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Schlosser, C. Adam. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-06)
    This paper is an empirical investigation of the effects of climate on the use of electricity by consumers and producers in urban and rural areas within China. It takes advantage of an unusual combination of temporal and ...
  • Hyman, Robert C.; Reilly, John M.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; De Masin, Ardoin. (2002-12)
    Although emissions of CO₂ are the largest anthropogenic contributor to the risks of climate change, other substances are important in the formulation of a cost-effective response. To provide improved facilities for addressing ...
  • Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-03)
    The role of black carbon (BC) aerosols in climate change is important because of its strong capability in causing extinction of solar radiation. A three-dimensional interactive aerosol-climate model has been used to study ...
  • Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Farmer, William; Awadalla, Sirein; Baker, Jonathan; Rosegrant, Mark; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-09)
    The availability of water resources affects energy, agricultural and environmental systems, which are linked together as well as to climate via the water cycle. As such, watersheds and river basins are directly impacted ...
  • Sandoval, Reynaldo.; Karplus, Valerie J.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-02)
    Hydrogen fueled transportation has been proposed as a low carbon alternative to the current gasoline-powered fleet. Using a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy we explore the economic viability of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Viguier, Laurent L. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-11)
    Existing fuel taxes play a major role in determining the welfare effects of exempting the transportation sector from measures to control greenhouse gases. To study this phenomenon we modify the MIT Emissions Prediction and ...
  • Strzepek, K.; Schlosser, C.A.; Gueneau, A.; Gao, X.; Blanc, É.; Fant, C.; Rasheed, B.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-12)
    Through the integration of a Water Resource System (WRS) component, the MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework has been enhanced to study the effects of climate change on managed water-resource systems. ...
  • Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Baker, Jonathan; Farmer, William; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-15)
    Water withdrawals for thermoelectric cooling account for a significant portion of total water use in the United States. Any change in electrical energy generation policy and technologies has the potential to have a major ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Harnisch, Jochen.; Fitzmaurice, Jean.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Kicklighter, David W.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-01)
    The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement aimed at limiting emissions of several greenhouse gases (GHGs; specifically: CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs, and SF6), and allows credit for approved sinks for CO2. It does not ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Mayer, Monika.; Harnisch, Jochen. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-03)
    Under the Kyoto Protocol, reductions in emissions of several radiative gases can be credited against a carbon equivalent emissions cap. We investigate the economic implications of including other greenhouse gases and sinks ...
  • Yang, Zili.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-10)
    The Climate Convention calls for stabilization of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. This paper considers the issues that must be faced in formulating a plan to meet any such target, using a proposed CO2 level ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-08)
    Through a brief look at the science and economics of climate, the authors show that if climate change turns out to be a serious threat, an effective response will require a substantial and very long-term global effort. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Pan, Yude.; McGuire, A. David.; Helfrich III, J.V.K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-10)
    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) was used to estimate net primary production (NPP) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO₂ and climate changes projected by three atmospheric ...
  • Chen, Y.-H. Henry (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-12)
    The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan has renewed debates on the safety of nuclear power, possibly hurting the role of nuclear power in efforts to limit CO2 emissions. I develop a dynamic economy-wide model of Taiwan ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
    There are many obstacles to the development of an international CO₂ emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature that is often assumed: the existence of a single national system. Once a national system is in ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-08)
    The possible correlation between climate sensitivity and radiative forcing is studied using versions of the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) model with different climate sensitivities. No such correlation was found ...
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