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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Farmer, William; Awadalla, Sirein; Baker, Jonathan; Rosegrant, Mark; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-09)
    The availability of water resources affects energy, agricultural and environmental systems, which are linked together as well as to climate via the water cycle. As such, watersheds and river basins are directly impacted ...
  • Sandoval, Reynaldo.; Karplus, Valerie J.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-02)
    Hydrogen fueled transportation has been proposed as a low carbon alternative to the current gasoline-powered fleet. Using a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy we explore the economic viability of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Viguier, Laurent L. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-11)
    Existing fuel taxes play a major role in determining the welfare effects of exempting the transportation sector from measures to control greenhouse gases. To study this phenomenon we modify the MIT Emissions Prediction and ...
  • Strzepek, K.; Schlosser, C.A.; Gueneau, A.; Gao, X.; Blanc, É.; Fant, C.; Rasheed, B.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-12)
    Through the integration of a Water Resource System (WRS) component, the MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework has been enhanced to study the effects of climate change on managed water-resource systems. ...
  • Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Baker, Jonathan; Farmer, William; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-15)
    Water withdrawals for thermoelectric cooling account for a significant portion of total water use in the United States. Any change in electrical energy generation policy and technologies has the potential to have a major ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Harnisch, Jochen.; Fitzmaurice, Jean.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Kicklighter, David W.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-01)
    The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement aimed at limiting emissions of several greenhouse gases (GHGs; specifically: CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs, and SF6), and allows credit for approved sinks for CO2. It does not ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Mayer, Monika.; Harnisch, Jochen. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-03)
    Under the Kyoto Protocol, reductions in emissions of several radiative gases can be credited against a carbon equivalent emissions cap. We investigate the economic implications of including other greenhouse gases and sinks ...
  • Yang, Zili.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-10)
    The Climate Convention calls for stabilization of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. This paper considers the issues that must be faced in formulating a plan to meet any such target, using a proposed CO2 level ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-08)
    Through a brief look at the science and economics of climate, the authors show that if climate change turns out to be a serious threat, an effective response will require a substantial and very long-term global effort. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Pan, Yude.; McGuire, A. David.; Helfrich III, J.V.K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-10)
    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) was used to estimate net primary production (NPP) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO₂ and climate changes projected by three atmospheric ...
  • Chen, Y.-H. Henry (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-12)
    The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan has renewed debates on the safety of nuclear power, possibly hurting the role of nuclear power in efforts to limit CO2 emissions. I develop a dynamic economy-wide model of Taiwan ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
    There are many obstacles to the development of an international CO₂ emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature that is often assumed: the existence of a single national system. Once a national system is in ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-08)
    The possible correlation between climate sensitivity and radiative forcing is studied using versions of the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) model with different climate sensitivities. No such correlation was found ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Buchner, Barbara. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-12)
    This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...
  • Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Wang, Chien.; Zhuang, Qianlai.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-11)
    The effects of air pollution on vegetation may provide an important control on the carbon cycle that has not yet been widely considered. Prolonged exposure to high levels of ozone, in particular, has been observed to inhibit ...
  • Calbó, Josep.; Pan, Wen Wei.; Webster, Mort David.; Prinn, Ronald G.; McRae, Gregory J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-07)
    We have derived a parameterization consisting of a set of analytical expressions that approximate the predictions by the CIT Urban Airshed Model for the net export to the environment (i.e., effective emissions) of several ...
  • Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Reilly, John M.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Zhuang, Qianlai. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2003-10)
    Exposure of plants to ozone inhibits photosynthesis and therefore reduces vegetation production and carbon sequestration. Simulations with the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) for the historical period (1860-1995) show ...
  • Gao, X.; Schlosser, C.A.; Sokolov, A.; Walter Anthony, K.; Zhuang, Q.; Kicklighter, D.W. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05)
    Permafrost degradation is likely enhanced by climate warming. Subsequent landscape subsidence and hydrologic changes support expansion of lakes and wetlands. Their anaerobic environments can act as strong emission sources ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Wang, Chien (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-06)
    Meeting future world energy needs while addressing climate change requires large-scale deployment of low or zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emission technologies such as wind energy. The widespread availability of wind power has ...
  • Kicklighter, D.W.; Gurgel, A.; Melillo, J.; Paltsev, S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
    The production of cellulosic biofuels may have a large influence on future land emissions of greenhouse gases. These effects will vary across space and time depending on land-use policies, trade, and variations in ...
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