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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Forest, Chris Eliot; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Webster, Mort D.; Paltsev, Sergey; Schlosser, C. Adam.; Kicklighter, David W.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Reilly, John M.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-01)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model is used to make probabilistic projections of climate change from 1861 to 2100. Since the model's first projections were published in 2003 substantial improvements have been made to ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Sokolov, Andrei; Schlosser, Adam; Scott, Jeffery; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...
  • Zhuang, Qianlai.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Prinn, Ronald G.; McGuire, A. David.; Steudler, Paul A.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Hu, Shaomin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2003-11)
    We developed and used a new version of the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to study how rates of methane (CH4) emissions and consumption in Alaskan soils have changed over the past century in response to observed changes ...
  • Saikawa, E.; Schlosser, C.A.; Prinn, R.G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-09-01)
    Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas and is a major ozone-depleting substance. To understand and quantify soil nitrous oxide emissions, we expanded the Community Land Model with prognostic Carbon and Nitrogen ...
  • Chen, Y.-H. Henry; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-05)
    We investigate the economics of coal-to-liquid (CTL) conversion, a polygeneration technology that produces liquid fuels, chemicals, and electricity by coal gasification and Fischer-Tropsch process. CTL is more expensive ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey; Karplus, Valerie J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-04)
    The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low carbon alternative to today's gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle technology that runs on electricity in addition ...
  • Lickley, M.J.; Lin, N.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...
  • Zhang, Da; Rausch, Sebastian; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-09-01)
    To address rising energy use and CO2 emissions, China’s leadership has enacted energy and CO2 intensity targets under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), which are defined at both the national and provincial levels. ...
  • Schlosser, C. Adam; Forest, C.; Awadalla, S.; Farmer, W.; Gao, X.; Strzepek, K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-09)
    The growing need for risk-based assessments of impacts and adaptation to climate change calls for increased capability in climate projections: the quantification of the likelihood of regional outcomes and the representation ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-07)
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Allen, Myles R.; Webster, Mort David. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-07)
    We apply the optimal fingerprint detection algorithm to three independent diagnostics of the recent climate record and derive joint probability density distributions for three uncertain properties of the climate system. ...
  • Paltsev, S.; Karplus, V.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Karkatsouli, I.; Reilly, J.M.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-06)
    In a partial factorial model experiment, we used the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) to assess the relative roles of changes in CO2, temperature, precipitation and cloudiness in equilibrium responses of ...
  • Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Webster, Mort D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
    The response of the ocean’s meridional overturning circulation (MOC) to increased greenhouse gas forcing is examined using a coupled model of intermediate complexity, including a dynamic 3D ocean subcomponent. Parameters ...
  • McFarland, James R.; Reilly, John M.; Herzog, Howard J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-10)
    This paper uses bottom-up engineering information as a basis for modeling new technologies within the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1995-10)
    The authors used the terrestrial ecosystem model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2, driven by the ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-08)
  • Paltsev, S.; Morris, J.; Cai, Y.; Karplus, V.; Jacoby, H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
    We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of China’s role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on China’s energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-08)
    First steps toward a broad climate agreement, such as the Kyoto Protocol, have focused attention on agreement with less than global geographic coverage. We consider instead a policy that is less comprehensive in term of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-07)
    Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...
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