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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey; Karplus, Valerie J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-04)
    The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low carbon alternative to today's gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle technology that runs on electricity in addition ...
  • Lickley, M.J.; Lin, N.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...
  • Zhang, Da; Rausch, Sebastian; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-09-01)
    To address rising energy use and CO2 emissions, China’s leadership has enacted energy and CO2 intensity targets under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), which are defined at both the national and provincial levels. ...
  • Schlosser, C. Adam; Forest, C.; Awadalla, S.; Farmer, W.; Gao, X.; Strzepek, K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-09)
    The growing need for risk-based assessments of impacts and adaptation to climate change calls for increased capability in climate projections: the quantification of the likelihood of regional outcomes and the representation ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-07)
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Allen, Myles R.; Webster, Mort David. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-07)
    We apply the optimal fingerprint detection algorithm to three independent diagnostics of the recent climate record and derive joint probability density distributions for three uncertain properties of the climate system. ...
  • Paltsev, S.; Karplus, V.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Karkatsouli, I.; Reilly, J.M.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-06)
    In a partial factorial model experiment, we used the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) to assess the relative roles of changes in CO2, temperature, precipitation and cloudiness in equilibrium responses of ...
  • Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Webster, Mort D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
    The response of the ocean’s meridional overturning circulation (MOC) to increased greenhouse gas forcing is examined using a coupled model of intermediate complexity, including a dynamic 3D ocean subcomponent. Parameters ...
  • McFarland, James R.; Reilly, John M.; Herzog, Howard J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-10)
    This paper uses bottom-up engineering information as a basis for modeling new technologies within the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1995-10)
    The authors used the terrestrial ecosystem model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2, driven by the ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-08)
  • Paltsev, S.; Morris, J.; Cai, Y.; Karplus, V.; Jacoby, H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
    We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of China’s role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on China’s energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-08)
    First steps toward a broad climate agreement, such as the Kyoto Protocol, have focused attention on agreement with less than global geographic coverage. We consider instead a policy that is less comprehensive in term of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-07)
    Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...
  • Bernard, Alain.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Vielle, Marc.; Viguier, Laurent L. (2003-06)
    As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-02)
    In discussions of a cap-and-trade system for implementation of Kyoto Protocol-type quantity targets, a "safety valve" was proposed where, by government sales of emissions permits at a fixed price, the marginal cost of the ...
  • Skolnikoff, Eugene B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-08)
    This paper provides a comparative analysis of the economic and political interests influencing the progress of climate negotiation. The primary focus is on the U.S., France, Germany, U.K., Belgium, Netherlands, and the ...
  • Cunnold, Derek; Prinn, Ronald G.; Huang, Jin; Wang, Ray (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-06)
    In order to examine the underlying longer-term trends in greenhouse gases, that are driven for example by anthropogenic emissions or climate change, it is useful to remove the recurring effects of natural cycles and ...
  • Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Hill, Christopher. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-09)
    Sensitivities of the net heat flux into the deep-ocean (Qnet) and of the deep-ocean heat content (DOC) below 700 m are studied using an ocean general circulation model and its adjoint. Both are found to have very similar ...
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