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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Webster, Mort D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
    The response of the ocean’s meridional overturning circulation (MOC) to increased greenhouse gas forcing is examined using a coupled model of intermediate complexity, including a dynamic 3D ocean subcomponent. Parameters ...
  • McFarland, James R.; Reilly, John M.; Herzog, Howard J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-10)
    This paper uses bottom-up engineering information as a basis for modeling new technologies within the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1995-10)
    The authors used the terrestrial ecosystem model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2, driven by the ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-08)
  • Paltsev, S.; Morris, J.; Cai, Y.; Karplus, V.; Jacoby, H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
    We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of China’s role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on China’s energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-08)
    First steps toward a broad climate agreement, such as the Kyoto Protocol, have focused attention on agreement with less than global geographic coverage. We consider instead a policy that is less comprehensive in term of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-07)
    Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...
  • Bernard, Alain.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Vielle, Marc.; Viguier, Laurent L. (2003-06)
    As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-02)
    In discussions of a cap-and-trade system for implementation of Kyoto Protocol-type quantity targets, a "safety valve" was proposed where, by government sales of emissions permits at a fixed price, the marginal cost of the ...
  • Skolnikoff, Eugene B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-08)
    This paper provides a comparative analysis of the economic and political interests influencing the progress of climate negotiation. The primary focus is on the U.S., France, Germany, U.K., Belgium, Netherlands, and the ...
  • Cunnold, Derek; Prinn, Ronald G.; Huang, Jin; Wang, Ray (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-06)
    In order to examine the underlying longer-term trends in greenhouse gases, that are driven for example by anthropogenic emissions or climate change, it is useful to remove the recurring effects of natural cycles and ...
  • Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Hill, Christopher. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-09)
    Sensitivities of the net heat flux into the deep-ocean (Qnet) and of the deep-ocean heat content (DOC) below 700 m are studied using an ocean general circulation model and its adjoint. Both are found to have very similar ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris Eliot; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    The MIT 2D climate model is used to make probabilistic projections for changes in global mean surface temperature and for thermosteric sea level rise under a variety of forcing scenarios. The uncertainties in climate ...
  • Dalan, Fabio.; Stone, Peter H.; Kamenkovich, Igor V.; Scott, Jeffery.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-05)
    Part I: The diapycnal diffusivity in the ocean is one of the least known parameters in current climate models. Measurements of this diffusivity are sparse and insufficient for compiling a global map. Inferences from inverse ...
  • Valverde, L. James, 1965-; Jacoby, Henry D.; Kaufman, Gordon M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-09)
    In this paper, we present an integrated framework for structuring and evaluating sequential greenhouse gas abatement policies under uncertainty. The analysis integrates information concerning the magnitude, timing, and ...
  • O'Sullivan, Francis; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-11)
    Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use are controversial. Here we assess the level of GHG emissions from shale gas well hydraulic fracturing operations in the United States during ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Babiker, Mustafa M.H.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    The G8 countries propose a goal of a 50% reduction in global emissions by 2050, in an effort that needs to take account of other agreements specifying that developing countries are to be provided with incentives to action ...
  • Asadoorian, Malcolm O. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
    Urbanization and economic development have important implications for many environmental processes including global climate change. Although there is evidence that urbanization depends endogenously on economic variables, ...
  • Sarofim, Marcus C.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reiner, David M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Academic and political debates over long-run climate policy often invoke “stabilization” of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs), but only rarely are non-CO2 greenhouse gases addressed explicitly. Even ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Heimbach, P.; Rigby, Matthew; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Melillo, Jerry M.; Reilly, John M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Waugh, Caleb (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-06)
    With the risks of climate change becoming increasingly evident, there is growing discussion regarding international treaties and national regulations to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Enforcement of such agreements ...
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