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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Asadoorian, Malcolm O. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
    Urbanization and economic development have important implications for many environmental processes including global climate change. Although there is evidence that urbanization depends endogenously on economic variables, ...
  • Sarofim, Marcus C.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reiner, David M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Academic and political debates over long-run climate policy often invoke “stabilization” of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs), but only rarely are non-CO2 greenhouse gases addressed explicitly. Even ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Heimbach, P.; Rigby, Matthew; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Melillo, Jerry M.; Reilly, John M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Waugh, Caleb (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-06)
    With the risks of climate change becoming increasingly evident, there is growing discussion regarding international treaties and national regulations to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Enforcement of such agreements ...
  • Eckaus, Richard S.; Tso, Katherine Kit-Yan. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-07)
    This paper presents an investigation of the relations in China between farm output, the natural fertility of agricultural land, and the use of anthropogenic farm inputs. The methodology is presented as a potential increment ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Sue Wing, Ian. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-04)
    Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol allows Annex B parties to meet their commitments by trading greenhouse gas emissions reductions "supplemental" to domestic emissions control. We demonstrate that implementing supplementarity ...
  • Nam, Kyung-Min; Waugh, Caleb J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    We estimate the potential synergy between pollution and climate control in the U.S. and China, summarizing the results as emissions cross-elasticities of control. We set a range of NOx and SO2 targets, and record the ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-05)
    We consider the efficiency implications of policies to reduce global carbon emissions in a world with pre-existing tax distortions. We first show that the weak double dividend, the proposition that the welfare improvement ...
  • Kratena, Kurt (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-03)
    This paper analyzes the role of different components of technical change on energy intensity by applying a Translog variable cost function setting to the new EU KLEMS dataset for 3 selected EU countries (Italy, Finland and ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; McFarland, James R.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Potential technology change has a strong influence on projections of greenhouse gas emissions and costs of control, and computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a common device for studying these phenomena. Using ...
  • Schafer, Andreas.; Jacoby, Henry D. (2003-07)
    A set of three analytical models is used to study the imbedding of specific transport technologies within a multi-sector, multi-region evaluation of constraints on greenhouse emissions. Key parameters of a computable general ...
  • Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Scott, Jeffery.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
    We describe the coupling of a three-dimensional ocean circulation model, with explicit thermodynamic seaice and ocean carbon cycle representations, to a two-dimensional atmospheric/land model. This coupled system has been ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Sue Wing, Ian. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-05)
    Years of hard bargaining have failed to produce a policy architecture to adequately address the complexities of climate change. Very likely, such a structure will have to be sought though improvement of the partial ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-11)
    This paper is written as part of a two-year study of climate change policy choices facing Sweden, conducted under the auspices of the Center for Business and Policy Studies in Stockholm. As such, it aims to be a primer on ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Wang, Chien.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-11)
    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM version 4.1) is applied to assess the sensitivity of net ecosystem production (NEP) of the terrestrial biosphere to transient changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate in the ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Tian, Hanqin.; Pan, Yude.; Vörösmarty, Charles, J.; Yang, Zili. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-05)
    A cropland distribution model, which is based on climate, soil and topography, is applied to estimate the area and spatial distribution of global potential croplands under contemporary climate and to assess the effect of ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reilly, John M.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Mayer, Monika.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-12)
    To aid climate policy decisions, accurate quantitative descriptions of the uncertainty in climate outcomes under various possible policies are needed. Here, we apply an earth systems model to describe the uncertainty in ...
  • Holian, Gary L.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-09)
    Key uncertainties in the global carbon cycle are explored with a 2-D model for the oceanic carbon sink. By calibrating the key parameters of this ocean carbon sink model to widely referenced values, it produces an average ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1994-12)
    Achieving agreement about whether and how to control greenhouse gas emissions would be difficult enough even if the consequences were fully known. Unfortunately, choices must be made in the face of great uncertainty, about ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Mayer, Monika.; Reilly, John M.; Harnisch, Jochen.; Hyman, Robert C.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-08)
    Future global climate projections are subject to large uncertainties. Major sources of this uncertainty are projections of anthropogenic emissions. We evaluate the uncertainty in future anthropogenic emissions using a ...
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