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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Saari, R.; Selin, N.E.; Rausch, S.; Thompson, T.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Air quality co-benefits can potentially reduce the costs of greenhouse gas mitigation. However, while many studies of the cost of greenhouse gas mitigation model the full macroeconomic welfare impacts, most studies of air ...
  • Cunnold, Derek; Prinn, Ronald G.; Huang, Jin; Wang, Ray (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-06)
    In order to examine the underlying longer-term trends in greenhouse gases, that are driven for example by anthropogenic emissions or climate change, it is useful to remove the recurring effects of natural cycles and ...
  • Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Hill, Christopher. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-09)
    Sensitivities of the net heat flux into the deep-ocean (Qnet) and of the deep-ocean heat content (DOC) below 700 m are studied using an ocean general circulation model and its adjoint. Both are found to have very similar ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris Eliot; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    The MIT 2D climate model is used to make probabilistic projections for changes in global mean surface temperature and for thermosteric sea level rise under a variety of forcing scenarios. The uncertainties in climate ...
  • Dalan, Fabio.; Stone, Peter H.; Kamenkovich, Igor V.; Scott, Jeffery.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-05)
    Part I: The diapycnal diffusivity in the ocean is one of the least known parameters in current climate models. Measurements of this diffusivity are sparse and insufficient for compiling a global map. Inferences from inverse ...
  • Valverde, L. James, 1965-; Jacoby, Henry D.; Kaufman, Gordon M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-09)
    In this paper, we present an integrated framework for structuring and evaluating sequential greenhouse gas abatement policies under uncertainty. The analysis integrates information concerning the magnitude, timing, and ...
  • O'Sullivan, Francis; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-11)
    Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use are controversial. Here we assess the level of GHG emissions from shale gas well hydraulic fracturing operations in the United States during ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Babiker, Mustafa M.H.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    The G8 countries propose a goal of a 50% reduction in global emissions by 2050, in an effort that needs to take account of other agreements specifying that developing countries are to be provided with incentives to action ...
  • Asadoorian, Malcolm O. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
    Urbanization and economic development have important implications for many environmental processes including global climate change. Although there is evidence that urbanization depends endogenously on economic variables, ...
  • Sarofim, Marcus C.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reiner, David M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Academic and political debates over long-run climate policy often invoke “stabilization” of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs), but only rarely are non-CO2 greenhouse gases addressed explicitly. Even ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Heimbach, P.; Rigby, Matthew; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Melillo, Jerry M.; Reilly, John M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Waugh, Caleb (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-06)
    With the risks of climate change becoming increasingly evident, there is growing discussion regarding international treaties and national regulations to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Enforcement of such agreements ...
  • Eckaus, Richard S.; Tso, Katherine Kit-Yan. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-07)
    This paper presents an investigation of the relations in China between farm output, the natural fertility of agricultural land, and the use of anthropogenic farm inputs. The methodology is presented as a potential increment ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Sue Wing, Ian. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-04)
    Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol allows Annex B parties to meet their commitments by trading greenhouse gas emissions reductions "supplemental" to domestic emissions control. We demonstrate that implementing supplementarity ...
  • Nam, Kyung-Min; Waugh, Caleb J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    We estimate the potential synergy between pollution and climate control in the U.S. and China, summarizing the results as emissions cross-elasticities of control. We set a range of NOx and SO2 targets, and record the ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-05)
    We consider the efficiency implications of policies to reduce global carbon emissions in a world with pre-existing tax distortions. We first show that the weak double dividend, the proposition that the welfare improvement ...
  • Kratena, Kurt (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-03)
    This paper analyzes the role of different components of technical change on energy intensity by applying a Translog variable cost function setting to the new EU KLEMS dataset for 3 selected EU countries (Italy, Finland and ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; McFarland, James R.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    Potential technology change has a strong influence on projections of greenhouse gas emissions and costs of control, and computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a common device for studying these phenomena. Using ...
  • Schafer, Andreas.; Jacoby, Henry D. (2003-07)
    A set of three analytical models is used to study the imbedding of specific transport technologies within a multi-sector, multi-region evaluation of constraints on greenhouse emissions. Key parameters of a computable general ...
  • Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Scott, Jeffery.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
    We describe the coupling of a three-dimensional ocean circulation model, with explicit thermodynamic seaice and ocean carbon cycle representations, to a two-dimensional atmospheric/land model. This coupled system has been ...
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