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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Nam, Kyung-Min; Waugh, Caleb J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Karplus, Valerie J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-10-01)
    Air pollution has been recognized as a significant problem in China. In its Twelfth Five Year Plan (FYP), China proposes to reduce SO2 and NOx emissions significantly, and here we investigate the cost of achieving those ...
  • Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-02)
    We identify three major areas of ignorance which limit predictability in current ocean GCMs. One is the very crude representation of subgrid-scale mixing processes. These processes are parameterized with coefficients whose ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Weare, Bryan C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-01)
    A thorough analysis of the ozone transport was carried out using the Transformed-Mean Eulerian (TEM) tracer transport equation and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re- Analysis (ERA-40). In ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Weare, Bryan C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-01)
    The momentum budget of the Transformed Eulerian-Mean (TEM) equation is calculated using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA-40). This study outlines the considerable contribution ...
  • Gueneau, Arthur; Schlosser, C. Adam; Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Gao, Xiang; Monier, Erwan (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-09)
    It is estimated that 40% of all crops grown in the world today are grown using irrigation. As a consequence, shifting precipitation patterns due to climate change are viewed as a major threat to food security. This report ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Tsukada, Natsuki. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-07)
    Multi-fueled electric utilities are commonly seen as offering relatively greater opportunities for reasonably priced carbon abatement through changes in the dispatch of generating units from capacity using high emission ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Reiner, David M.; Yang, Zili. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-07)
    Policies under consideration within the Climate Convention would impose CO₂ controls on only a subset of nations. A model of economic growth and emissions, coupled to an analysis of the climate system, is used to explore ...
  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
    Using a coupled global atmospheric chemistry and climate model we have predicted the evolution of tropospheric concentrations of chemical species along with climate parameters, based on a set of economic model predictions ...
  • Karplus, V.J.; Paltsev, S.; Babiker, M.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05)
    The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...
  • Morris, Jennifer; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-07)
    Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Mayer, Monika. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-07)
    Controlling multiple substances that jointly contribute to climate warming requires some method to compare the effects of the different gases because the physical properties (radiative effects, and persistence in the ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-12)
    The transient response of both surface air temperature and deep ocean temperature to an increasing external forcing strongly depends on climate sensitivity and the rate of the heat mixing into the deep ocean, estimates for ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Felzer, Benjamin; Schlosser, C. Adam; Cronin, Timothy W. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-06)
    A number of observational studies indicate that carbon sequestration by terrestrial ecosystems in a world with an atmosphere richer in carbon dioxide and a warmer climate depends on the interactions between the carbon and ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    We present revised probability density functions for climate model parameters (effective climate sensitivity, the rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the strength of the net aerosol forcing) that are based on climate change ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Allen, Myles R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
    We present a method for constraining key properties of the climate system that are important for climate prediction (climate sensitivity and rate of heat penetration into the deep ocean) by comparing a model's response to ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Allen, Myles R.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-04)
    Different atmosphere-ocean general circulation models produce significantly different projections of climate change in response to increases in greenhouse gases and aerosol concentrations in the atmosphere. The main reasons ...
  • Springmann, M.; Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015) aims to achieve a national carbon intensity reduction of 17% through differentiated targets at the provincial level. Allocating the national target among China’s provinces is ...
  • Morris, Jennifer F.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-04)
    We consider the cost of meeting emissions reduction targets consistent with a G8 proposal of a 50 percent global reduction in emissions by 2050, and an Obama Administration proposal of an 80 percent reduction over this ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Tay, Kok Hou. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...
  • Kamenkovich, Igor V.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
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