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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
    Using a coupled global atmospheric chemistry and climate model we have predicted the evolution of tropospheric concentrations of chemical species along with climate parameters, based on a set of economic model predictions ...
  • Karplus, V.J.; Paltsev, S.; Babiker, M.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05)
    The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...
  • Morris, Jennifer; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-07)
    Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...
  • Reilly, John M.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Mayer, Monika. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-07)
    Controlling multiple substances that jointly contribute to climate warming requires some method to compare the effects of the different gases because the physical properties (radiative effects, and persistence in the ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-12)
    The transient response of both surface air temperature and deep ocean temperature to an increasing external forcing strongly depends on climate sensitivity and the rate of the heat mixing into the deep ocean, estimates for ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Felzer, Benjamin; Schlosser, C. Adam; Cronin, Timothy W. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-06)
    A number of observational studies indicate that carbon sequestration by terrestrial ecosystems in a world with an atmosphere richer in carbon dioxide and a warmer climate depends on the interactions between the carbon and ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    We present revised probability density functions for climate model parameters (effective climate sensitivity, the rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the strength of the net aerosol forcing) that are based on climate change ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Allen, Myles R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
    We present a method for constraining key properties of the climate system that are important for climate prediction (climate sensitivity and rate of heat penetration into the deep ocean) by comparing a model's response to ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Allen, Myles R.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-04)
    Different atmosphere-ocean general circulation models produce significantly different projections of climate change in response to increases in greenhouse gases and aerosol concentrations in the atmosphere. The main reasons ...
  • Springmann, M.; Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015) aims to achieve a national carbon intensity reduction of 17% through differentiated targets at the provincial level. Allocating the national target among China’s provinces is ...
  • Morris, Jennifer F.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-04)
    We consider the cost of meeting emissions reduction targets consistent with a G8 proposal of a 50 percent global reduction in emissions by 2050, and an Obama Administration proposal of an 80 percent reduction over this ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Tay, Kok Hou. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-07)
    This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...
  • Kamenkovich, Igor V.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
  • Webster, Mort David. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-10)
    Given the large uncertainties regarding potential damages from climate change and the significant but also uncertain costs of reducing greenhouse emissions, the debate over a policy response is often framed as a choice of ...
  • Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kamenkovich, Igor V. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-09)
    The deep-ocean heat uptake (DOHU) in transient climate changes is studied using an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) and its adjoint. The model configuration consists of idealized Pacific and Atlantic basins. The model ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1995-06)
    A significant number of long-term climate change simulations are to be carried out in the Integrated Framework of the MIT Global Change Joint Program. Since Global Circulation Models (GCMs) require an enormous amount of ...
  • Parsons, John E.; Ellerman, A. Denny; Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin) (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-02)
    In this paper we focus on one component of the cap-and-trade system: the markets that arise for trading allowances after they have been allocated or auctioned. The efficient functioning of the market is key to the success ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
    Economic links among countries, through trade, will cause the effects of greenhouse-gas control measures taken by one set of nations to ripple through the international trade system, affecting countries that may not have ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Cohen, Jason B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-10)
    A reduced form metamodel has been produced to simulate the effects of physical, chemical, and meteorological processing of highly reactive trace species in hypothetical urban areas, which is capable of efficiently simulating ...
  • Otto, Vincent M.; Loeschel, Andreas; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-04)
    This paper studies the cost effectiveness of climate policy if there are technology externalities. For this purpose, we develop a forward-looking CGE model that captures empirical links between CO2 emissions associated ...
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