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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Decaux, Annelène. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
    This paper examines the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on developing economies using marginal abatement curves generated by MIT's Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment model (EPPA). In particular, the paper addresses ...
  • Morris, J.; Webster, M.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    The electric power sector, which accounts for approximately 40% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, will be a critical component of any policy the U.S. government pursues to confront climate change. In the context of uncertainty ...
  • Bosetti, V.; Paltsev, S.; Reilly, J.; Carraro, C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
    In the absence of significant greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, many analysts project that atmospheric concentrations of species identified for control in the Kyoto protocol could exceed 1000 ppm (carbon-dioxide-equivalent) ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Tay, Kok Hou. (2003-06)
    The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...
  • Zhang, X.; Qi, T.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-04)
    China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...
  • Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...
  • Metcalf, Gilbert E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-08)
    Efforts to reduce carbon emissions significantly will require considerable improvements in energy intensity, the ratio of energy consumption to economic activity. Improvements in energy intensity over the past thirty years ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-06)
    We describe several scenarios for economic development and energy use in East Asia based on the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. Historic ...
  • Zhang, D.; Springmann, M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-02)
    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-09)
    We present revised probability density functions (PDF) for climate system properties (climate sensitivity, rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the net aerosol forcing strength) that include the effect on 20th century ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Scott, Jeffery.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-03)
    Studying the uncertainty in computationally expensive models has required the development of specialized methods, including alternative sampling techniques and response surface approaches. However, existing techniques for ...
  • Sugiyama, Masahiro.; Nicholls, Robert J.; Vafeidis, Athanasios (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change, this report generalizes the sea-level rise cost function originally proposed by Fankhauser, and applies it to a ...
  • Convery, Frank; Ellerman, A. Denny; De Perthuis, Christian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-06)
    The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest greenhouse gas market ever established. The European Union is leading the world's first effort to mobilize market forces to tackle climate change. A precise ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-02)
    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Stone, Peter H.; Scott, Jeffery. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-11)
    The study of the uncertainties in future climate projections requires large ensembles of simulations with different values of model characteristics that define its response to external forcing. These characteristic include ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Reiner, David M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-02)
    At meetings in Bonn and Marrakech in 2001, the Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change broke through an impasse on the detailed provisions needed to allow the Kyoto Protocol to enter into ...
  • Carlén, Björn. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-11)
    The experiment reported here tests the case of so-called exclusionary manipulation of emission permit markets, i.e., when a dominant firm -- here a monopolist -- increases its holding of permits in order to raise its rivals' ...
  • Jacoby, H.D.; Chen, Y.-H.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-08)
    With the objective of stimulating timely and open discussion of the current attempt to formulate a new climate agreement—to be reached at the 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP-21) in Paris during November of ...
  • Sue Wing, Ian.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-09)
    Recent events have revived interest in explaining the long-run changes in the energy intensity of the U.S. economy. We use a KLEM dataset for 35 industries over 39 years to decompose changes in the aggregate energy-GDP ...
  • Viguier, Laurent L. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-09)
    In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within Europe, supporting implementation of a Community-wide scheme in which the design and regulation of all essential ...
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