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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Eckaus, Richard S.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Leung, Wing-Chi.; Yang, Zili. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-12)
    A multi-sector multi-region general equilibrium model of economic growth and emissions is used to explore the conditions that will determine the market penetration of CO2 capture and disposal technology.
  • Judson, Ruth A.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Stoker, Thomas M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
    To deepen understanding of the relation between economic development and energy demand, this study estimates the Engel curves that relate per-capita energy consumption in major economic sectors to per-capita GDP. Panel ...
  • Karplus, Valerie; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-07-31)
    Increases in the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for 2017 to 2025 model year light-duty vehicles are currently under consideration. This analysis uses an economy-wide model with detail in the passenger ...
  • Deschenes, Olivier.; Greenstone, Michael. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-01)
    This paper measures the economic impact of climate change on agricultural land in the United States by estimating the effect of the presumably random year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation on agricultural ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Reilly, John M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-01)
    Urban air pollution and climate are closely connected due to shared generating processes (e.g., combustion) for emissions of the driving gases and aerosols. They are also connected because the atmospheric lifecycles of ...
  • Lahiri, Supriya.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-08)
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Bautista, M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
    The experience of other environmental problems suggests that policies yielding uniform marginal costs across sectors, as most analyses assume, are not likely to be realized in practice. Some sectors will be favored over ...
  • Lee, E.; Felzer, B.S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
    The role of nitrogen limitation on photosynthesis downregulation and stomatal conductance has a significant influence on evapotranspiration and runoff. In the current Community Land Model with coupled Carbon and Nitrogen ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Decaux, Annelène. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
    This paper examines the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on developing economies using marginal abatement curves generated by MIT's Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment model (EPPA). In particular, the paper addresses ...
  • Morris, J.; Webster, M.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    The electric power sector, which accounts for approximately 40% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, will be a critical component of any policy the U.S. government pursues to confront climate change. In the context of uncertainty ...
  • Bosetti, V.; Paltsev, S.; Reilly, J.; Carraro, C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
    In the absence of significant greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, many analysts project that atmospheric concentrations of species identified for control in the Kyoto protocol could exceed 1000 ppm (carbon-dioxide-equivalent) ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Tay, Kok Hou. (2003-06)
    The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...
  • Zhang, X.; Qi, T.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-04)
    China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...
  • Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...
  • Metcalf, Gilbert E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-08)
    Efforts to reduce carbon emissions significantly will require considerable improvements in energy intensity, the ratio of energy consumption to economic activity. Improvements in energy intensity over the past thirty years ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-06)
    We describe several scenarios for economic development and energy use in East Asia based on the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. Historic ...
  • Zhang, D.; Springmann, M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-02)
    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...
  • Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-09)
    We present revised probability density functions (PDF) for climate system properties (climate sensitivity, rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the net aerosol forcing strength) that include the effect on 20th century ...
  • Webster, Mort David.; Scott, Jeffery.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-03)
    Studying the uncertainty in computationally expensive models has required the development of specialized methods, including alternative sampling techniques and response surface approaches. However, existing techniques for ...
  • Sugiyama, Masahiro.; Nicholls, Robert J.; Vafeidis, Athanasios (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-04)
    To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change, this report generalizes the sea-level rise cost function originally proposed by Fankhauser, and applies it to a ...
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