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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Caron, Justin; Rausch, Sebastian; Winchester, Niven (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05-29)
    With federal policies to curb greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. stagnating, California has taken action on its own. We estimate the impact of California’s cap-and-trade program on the leakage of emissions to other ...
  • Gavard, Claire; Winchester, Niven; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    In the negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), new market mechanisms are proposed to involve Non-Annex I countries in the carbon markets developed by Annex I countries, beyond ...
  • Mayer, Monika.; Wang, Chien.; Webster, Mort David.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-06)
    We have incorporated a reduced-form urban air chemistry model in MIT's 2D-LO coupled chemistry-climate model. The computationally efficient reduced-form urban model is derived from the California Institute of Technology-Carnegie ...
  • Morris, Jennifer; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-11)
    Marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves, relationships between tons of emissions abated and the CO2 (or GHG) price, have been widely used as pedagogic devices to illustrate simple economic concepts such as the benefits of ...
  • Winchester, N.; McConnachie, D.; Wollersheim, C.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...
  • Carlén, Björn. (2003-01)
    The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Selin, Noelle E.; Nam, Kyung-Min (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
    To evaluate the socio-economic impacts of air pollution, we develop an integrated approach based on computable general equilibrium (CGE). Applying our approach to Europe shows that even there, where air quality is relatively ...
  • Stokes, Leah C.; Selin, Noelle E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    Environmental negotiations and policy decisions take place at the science–policy interface. While this is well known in academic literature, it is often difficult to convey how science and policy interact to students in ...
  • Zhuang, Qianlai.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Prinn, Ronald G.; McGuire, A. David.; Steudler, Paul A.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Hu, Shaomin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-03)
    We develop and use a new version of the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to study how rates of methane (CH4) emissions and consumption in high-latitude soils of the Northern Hemisphere have changed over the past century ...
  • Farmer, William; Strzepek, Ken; Schlosser, C. Adam; Droogers, Peter; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-02)
    Measures of reference evapotranspiration are essential for applications of agricultural management and water resources engineering. Using numerous esoteric variables, one can calculate daily reference evapotranspiration ...
  • Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Mayer, Monika.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Hyman, Robert C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-02)
    The Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model is a component of the MIT Integrated Earth Systems Model (IGSM). Here, we provide an overview of the model accessible to a broad audience and present the detailed ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; McFarland, James R.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Asadoorian, Malcolm O.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-08)
    The Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model is the part of the MIT Integrated Global Systems Model (IGSM) that represents the human systems. EPPA is a recursive-dynamic multi-regional general equilibrium model ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Schlosser, C. Adam.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Kicklighter, David W.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Forest, Chris Eliot.; Reilly, John M.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Scott, Jeffery.; Stone, Peter H.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Cohen, Jason B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-07)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and ...
  • Bugnion, Véronique. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
    The six possible combinations of two climate models and three methods for calculating the melting of snow and ice are used to estimate current values of accumulation and ablation on the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. ...
  • Asadoorian, Malcolm O.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Schlosser, C. Adam. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-06)
    This paper is an empirical investigation of the effects of climate on the use of electricity by consumers and producers in urban and rural areas within China. It takes advantage of an unusual combination of temporal and ...
  • Hyman, Robert C.; Reilly, John M.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; De Masin, Ardoin. (2002-12)
    Although emissions of CO₂ are the largest anthropogenic contributor to the risks of climate change, other substances are important in the formulation of a cost-effective response. To provide improved facilities for addressing ...
  • Wang, Chien. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-03)
    The role of black carbon (BC) aerosols in climate change is important because of its strong capability in causing extinction of solar radiation. A three-dimensional interactive aerosol-climate model has been used to study ...
  • Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Farmer, William; Awadalla, Sirein; Baker, Jonathan; Rosegrant, Mark; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-09)
    The availability of water resources affects energy, agricultural and environmental systems, which are linked together as well as to climate via the water cycle. As such, watersheds and river basins are directly impacted ...
  • Sandoval, Reynaldo.; Karplus, Valerie J.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-02)
    Hydrogen fueled transportation has been proposed as a low carbon alternative to the current gasoline-powered fleet. Using a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy we explore the economic viability of ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M.; Viguier, Laurent L. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2004-11)
    Existing fuel taxes play a major role in determining the welfare effects of exempting the transportation sector from measures to control greenhouse gases. To study this phenomenon we modify the MIT Emissions Prediction and ...
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