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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Title

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  • Yang, Zili.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-10)
    The Climate Convention calls for stabilization of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. This paper considers the issues that must be faced in formulating a plan to meet any such target, using a proposed CO2 level ...
  • Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-08)
    Through a brief look at the science and economics of climate, the authors show that if climate change turns out to be a serious threat, an effective response will require a substantial and very long-term global effort. ...
  • Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Pan, Yude.; McGuire, A. David.; Helfrich III, J.V.K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-10)
    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) was used to estimate net primary production (NPP) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO₂ and climate changes projected by three atmospheric ...
  • Chen, Y.-H. Henry (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-12)
    The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan has renewed debates on the safety of nuclear power, possibly hurting the role of nuclear power in efforts to limit CO2 emissions. I develop a dynamic economy-wide model of Taiwan ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
    There are many obstacles to the development of an international CO₂ emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature that is often assumed: the existence of a single national system. Once a national system is in ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-08)
    The possible correlation between climate sensitivity and radiative forcing is studied using versions of the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) model with different climate sensitivities. No such correlation was found ...
  • Ellerman, A. Denny.; Buchner, Barbara. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-12)
    This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...
  • Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Wang, Chien.; Zhuang, Qianlai.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-11)
    The effects of air pollution on vegetation may provide an important control on the carbon cycle that has not yet been widely considered. Prolonged exposure to high levels of ozone, in particular, has been observed to inhibit ...
  • Calbó, Josep.; Pan, Wen Wei.; Webster, Mort David.; Prinn, Ronald G.; McRae, Gregory J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-07)
    We have derived a parameterization consisting of a set of analytical expressions that approximate the predictions by the CIT Urban Airshed Model for the net export to the environment (i.e., effective emissions) of several ...
  • Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Reilly, John M.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Zhuang, Qianlai. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2003-10)
    Exposure of plants to ozone inhibits photosynthesis and therefore reduces vegetation production and carbon sequestration. Simulations with the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) for the historical period (1860-1995) show ...
  • Gao, X.; Schlosser, C.A.; Sokolov, A.; Walter Anthony, K.; Zhuang, Q.; Kicklighter, D.W. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05)
    Permafrost degradation is likely enhanced by climate warming. Subsequent landscape subsidence and hydrologic changes support expansion of lakes and wetlands. Their anaerobic environments can act as strong emission sources ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G.; Wang, Chien (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-06)
    Meeting future world energy needs while addressing climate change requires large-scale deployment of low or zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emission technologies such as wind energy. The widespread availability of wind power has ...
  • Kicklighter, D.W.; Gurgel, A.; Melillo, J.; Paltsev, S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
    The production of cellulosic biofuels may have a large influence on future land emissions of greenhouse gases. These effects will vary across space and time depending on land-use policies, trade, and variations in ...
  • Gurgel, Angelo C.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2008-03)
    In this paper we investigate the potential production and implications of a global biofuels industry. We develop alternative approaches to the introduction of land as an economic factor input, in value and physical terms, ...
  • Hallgren, Willow; Gunturu, Udaya Bhaskar; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-02)
    Australia is considered to have very good wind resources, and the utilization of this renewable energy resource is increasing. Wind power installed capacity increased by 35% from 2006 to 2011 and is predicted to account ...
  • Harnisch, Jochen.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-12)
    Climate policy regarding perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may have a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates an integrated analysis of the effectiveness and likely ...
  • Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.; Forest, Chris Eliot; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Webster, Mort D.; Paltsev, Sergey; Schlosser, C. Adam.; Kicklighter, David W.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie.; Reilly, John M.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-01)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model is used to make probabilistic projections of climate change from 1861 to 2100. Since the model's first projections were published in 2003 substantial improvements have been made to ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Sokolov, Andrei; Schlosser, Adam; Scott, Jeffery; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...
  • Zhuang, Qianlai.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Prinn, Ronald G.; McGuire, A. David.; Steudler, Paul A.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Hu, Shaomin. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2003-11)
    We developed and used a new version of the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to study how rates of methane (CH4) emissions and consumption in Alaskan soils have changed over the past century in response to observed changes ...
  • Saikawa, E.; Schlosser, C.A.; Prinn, R.G. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-09-01)
    Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas and is a major ozone-depleting substance. To understand and quantify soil nitrous oxide emissions, we expanded the Community Land Model with prognostic Carbon and Nitrogen ...
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