Now showing items 148-167 of 337

    • A game of climate chicken : can EPA regulate greenhouse gases before the U.S. Senate ratifies the Kyoto Protocol? 

      Bugnion, Véronique.; Reiner, David M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-11)
      EPA's legal authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Air Act is reviewed. While EPA clearly does not have the authority to implement the precise terms of the Kyoto Protocol, arguments could be put ...
    • General Equilibrium, Electricity Generation Technologies and the Cost of Carbon Abatement 

      Lanz, Bruno, 1980-; Rausch, Sebastian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-02)
      Electricity generation is a major contributor to carbon dioxide emissions, and a key determinant of abatement costs. Ex-ante assessments of carbon policies mainly rely on either of two modeling paradigms: (i) partial ...
    • Global Aerosol Health Impacts: Quantifying Uncertainties 

      Selin, Noelle E.; Paltsev, Sergey; Wang, Chien; Donkelaar, A. van; Martin, R.V. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-08)
      Atmospheric fine particulate matter <2.5 μm (PM2.5) can cause cardiovasculatory and respiratory damages and mortalities. Assessing population exposure to and damages from PM2.5 is important for policy, but measurement ...
    • Global Economic Effects of Changes in Crops, Pasture, and Forests due to Changing Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Ozone 

      Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth.; Wang, Xiaodong.; Kicklighter, David W.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
      Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...
    • Global economic growth and agricultural land conversion under uncertain productivity improvements in agriculture 

      Lanz, B.; Dietz, S.; Swanson, T. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-06)
      We study how stochasticity in the evolution of agricultural productivity interacts with economic and population growth at the global level. We use a two-sector Schumpeterian model of growth, in which a manufacturing sector ...
    • Global Health and Economic Impacts of Future Ozone Pollution 

      Webster, Mort D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Nam, Kyung-Min; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
      We assess the human health and economic impacts of projected 2000-2050 changes in ozone pollution using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis-Health Effects (EPPA-HE) model, in combination with results from the ...
    • A global interactive chemistry and climate model : formulation and testing 

      Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-09)
    • A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments 

      Schlosser, C. Adam; Kicklighter, David; Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-05)
      Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...
    • Global population growth, technology, and Malthusian constraints: A quantitative growth theoretic perspective 

      Lanz, B.; Dietz, S.; Swanson, T. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-10)
      We structurally estimate a two-sector Schumpeterian growth model with endogenous population and finite land reserves to study the long run evolution of global population, technological progress and the demand for food. The ...
    • Global warming projections : sensitivity to deep ocean mixing 

      Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-09)
      The climatological impact of increases in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, despite being a subject of intensive study in recent years, is still very uncertain. One major uncertainty affecting possible climate ...
    • Green Growth and the Efficient Use of Natural Resources 

      Reilly, John (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-06-14)
      The relatively new concept of "green growth" can be fruitfully connected to concepts and theories in neoclassical economics including market externalities, Ricardian and Hotelling rents, and policies that would correct ...
    • Greenhouse Gas Mitigation as a Structural Change and Policies that Offset Its Depressing Effects 

      Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-07)
      The current economic modeling of emissions limitations does not embody economic features that are likely to be particularly important in the short term, yet the politics of limiting greenhouse gas emissions are often ...
    • Greenhouse policy architectures and institutions 

      Schmalensee, Richard. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-11)
      This paper discusses the design of efficient environmental policies in general and reviews omissions and shortcomings of the presentation of the economic dimensions of climate change in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...
    • Health Damages from Air Pollution in China 

      Matus, Kira; Nam, Kyung-Min; Selin, Noelle E.; Lamsal, Lok N.; Reilly, John M.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-03)
      In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...
    • Health Damages from Air Pollution in China 

      Matus, Kira; Nam, Kyung-Min; Selin, Noelle E.; Lamsal, Lok N.; Reilly, John M.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-03)
      In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...
    • Heavier Crude, Changing Demand for Petroleum Fuels, Regional Climate Policy, and the Location of Upgrading Capacity: 

      Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey; Choumert, Frederic (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
      The crude slate is likely to become heavier in the future with greater reliance on bitumens, tar sands, heavy oils, and eventually possibly shale oil. Under standard refining processes these crude oil sources produce a ...
    • How to think about human influence on climate 

      Forest, Chris Eliot.; Stone, Peter H.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-10)
      We present a pedagogical paper on the detection of climate change and its attribution to anthropogenic influences. We attempt to separate the key thought processes and tools that are used when making qualitative statements ...
    • The Impact of Advanced Biofuels on Aviation Emissions and Operations in the U.S. 

      Winchester, N.; Malina, R.; Staples, M.D.; Barrett, S.R.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-02)
      We analyze the economic and emissions impacts on U.S. commercial aviation of the Federal Aviation Administration’s renewable jet fuel goal when met using advanced fermentation (AF) fuel from perennial grasses. These fuels ...
    • The Impact of Border Carbon Adjustments under Alternative Producer Responses 

      Winchester, Niven (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-02)
      Border carbon adjustments (BCAs) have been proposed to address leakage and competitiveness concerns. In traditional assessments, firms regard BCAs as output taxes rather than implicit emissions taxes. Using a stylized ...
    • Impact of Canopy Representations on Regional Modeling of Evapotranspiration using the WRF-ACASA Coupled Model 

      Xu, L.; Pyles, R.D.; Paw U, K.T.; Snyder, R.; Monier, E.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-12)
      In this study, we couple the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) with the Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm (ACASA), a high complexity land surface model, to investigate the impact of canopy representation ...