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Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Issue Date

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing Center for Global Change Science by Issue Date

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  • Schlosser, C. Adam; Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Gao, Xiang; Gueneau, Arthur; Fant, Charles; Paltsev, Sergey; Rasheed, Bilhuda; Smith-Greico, Tony; Blanc, Elodie; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    We assess the ability of global water systems, resolved at 282 large river basins or Assessment Sub Regions (ASRs), to the meet water requirements over the coming decades under integrated projections of socioeconomic growth ...
  • Stokes, Leah C.; Selin, Noelle E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    Environmental negotiations and policy decisions take place at the science–policy interface. While this is well known in academic literature, it is often difficult to convey how science and policy interact to students in ...
  • Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam; Xie, Pingping; Monier, Erwan; Entekhabi, Dara (MIT Joint Program, 2013-11)
    Global warming is expected to alter the frequency, intensity, and risk of extreme precipitation events. However, global climate models in general do not correctly reproduce the frequency and intensity distribution of ...
  • Nam, Kyung-Min; Waugh, Caleb J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    We estimate the potential synergy between pollution and climate control in the U.S. and China, summarizing the results as emissions cross-elasticities of control. We set a range of NOx and SO2 targets, and record the ...
  • Paltsev, S.; Karplus, V.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Karkatsouli, I.; Reilly, J.M.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...
  • Kriesche, Pascal; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program, 2013-09)
    In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...
  • Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...
  • Gavard, Claire; Winchester, Niven; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    In the negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), new market mechanisms are proposed to involve Non-Annex I countries in the carbon markets developed by Annex I countries, beyond ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-26)
    We offer simulations that help to understand the relationship between GHG emissions and concentrations, and the relative role of long-lived (e.g., CO2) and short-lived (e.g., CH4) emissions. We show that, absent technologies ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Sokolov, Andrei; Schlosser, Adam; Scott, Jeffery; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...
  • Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-18)
    Climate change presents the greatest challenge ever faced by our domestic and international institutions, and a great deal of the difficulty lies in the science of the issue. Because human influence on global climate differs ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Gao, Xiang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    Extreme weather and climate events, such as heat waves, droughts and severe precipitation events, have substantial impacts on ecosystems and the economy. However, future climate simulations display large uncertainty in ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Gao, Xiang; Scott, Jeffery; Sokolov, Andrei; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    In this study, we present a new modeling framework and a large ensemble of climate projections to investigate the uncertainty in regional climate change over the US associated with four dimensions of uncertainty. The sources ...
  • Paltsev, Sergey; Monier, Erwan; Scott, Jeffery; Sokolov, Andrei; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-05)
    We designed scenarios for impact assessment that explicitly address policy choices and uncertainty in climate response. Economic projections and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions for the “no climate policy” scenario ...
  • Zhang, X.; Qi, T.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-04)
    China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...
  • Springmann, M.; Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015) aims to achieve a national carbon intensity reduction of 17% through differentiated targets at the provincial level. Allocating the national target among China’s provinces is ...
  • Lickley, M.J.; Lin, N.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-03)
    The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...
  • Blanc, E.; Strzepek, K.; Schlosser, C.A.; Jacoby, H.D.; Gueneau, A.; Fant, C.; Rausch, S.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-02)
    The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework, extended to include a Water Resource System (WRS) component, is applied to an integrated assessment of effects of alternative climate policy scenarios on U.S. water ...
  • Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.; Rausch, S.; Zhang, X. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    Decoupling fossil energy demand from economic growth is crucial to China’s sustainable development. In addition to energy and carbon intensity targets enacted under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011–2015), a coal or fossil ...
  • Winchester, N.; McConnachie, D.; Wollersheim, C.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...
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