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Browsing Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Reports by Issue Date

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Browsing Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Reports by Issue Date

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  • Zhang, Xiliang; Karplus, Valerie J.; Qi, Tianyu; Zhang, Da; He, Jiankun (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-10)
    While China is on track to meet its global climate commitments through 2020, China’s post-2020 CO2 emissions trajectory is highly uncertain, with projections varying widely across studies. Over the past year, the Chinese ...
  • Bozonnat, C.; Schlosser, C.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-10)
    The extent, availability and reliability of solar power generation are assessed over Europe, and—following a previously developed methodology—special attention is given to the intermittency of solar power. Combined with ...
  • Xu, L.; Pyles, R.D.; Paw U, K.T.; Chen, S.-H.; Monier, E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-08)
    In this study, the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) is coupled with the Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm (ACASA), a high complexity land surface model. Although WRF is a state-of-the-art regional ...
  • Caron, J.; Metcalf, G.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-08)
    We improve on existing estimates of the carbon dioxide (CO2) content of consumption across regions of the United States. Using a multi-regional input-output (MRIO) framework, we estimate the direct and indirect CO2 emissions ...
  • Jacoby, H.D.; Chen, Y.-H.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-08)
    With the objective of stimulating timely and open discussion of the current attempt to formulate a new climate agreement—to be reached at the 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP-21) in Paris during November of ...
  • Qi, T.; Winchester, N.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-05)
    The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors – including five ...
  • Rausch, S.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-05)
    Regulatory measures have proven the favored approach to climate change mitigation in the U.S., while market-based policies have gained little traction. Using a model that resolves the U.S. economy by region, income category, ...
  • Zhang, D.; Davidson, M.; Gunturu, B.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models seeking to evaluate the impacts of electricity policy face difficulties incorporating detail on the variable nature of renewable energy resources. To improve the accuracy of ...
  • Morris, J.; Webster, M.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    The electric power sector, which accounts for approximately 40% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, will be a critical component of any policy the U.S. government pursues to confront climate change. In the context of uncertainty ...
  • Saari, R.; Selin, N.E.; Rausch, S.; Thompson, T.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
    Air quality co-benefits can potentially reduce the costs of greenhouse gas mitigation. However, while many studies of the cost of greenhouse gas mitigation model the full macroeconomic welfare impacts, most studies of air ...
  • Cosseron, A.; Schlosser, C.A.; Gunturu, U.B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-03)
    Wind power is assessed over Europe, with special attention given to the quantification of intermittency. Using the methodology developed in Gunturu and Schlosser (2011), the MERRA boundary flux data was used to compute ...
  • Hallgren, Willow; Gunturu, Udaya Bhaskar; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-02)
    Australia is considered to have very good wind resources, and the utilization of this renewable energy resource is increasing. Wind power installed capacity increased by 35% from 2006 to 2011 and is predicted to account ...
  • Zhang, D.; Springmann, M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-02)
    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...
  • Stokes, Leah C.; Selin, Noelle E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    Environmental negotiations and policy decisions take place at the science–policy interface. While this is well known in academic literature, it is often difficult to convey how science and policy interact to students in ...
  • Schlosser, C. Adam; Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Gao, Xiang; Gueneau, Arthur; Fant, Charles; Paltsev, Sergey; Rasheed, Bilhuda; Smith-Greico, Tony; Blanc, Elodie; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-01)
    We assess the ability of global water systems, resolved at 282 large river basins or Assessment Sub Regions (ASRs), to the meet water requirements over the coming decades under integrated projections of socioeconomic growth ...
  • Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam; Xie, Pingping; Monier, Erwan; Entekhabi, Dara (MIT Joint Program, 2013-11)
    Global warming is expected to alter the frequency, intensity, and risk of extreme precipitation events. However, global climate models in general do not correctly reproduce the frequency and intensity distribution of ...
  • Nam, Kyung-Min; Waugh, Caleb J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    We estimate the potential synergy between pollution and climate control in the U.S. and China, summarizing the results as emissions cross-elasticities of control. We set a range of NOx and SO2 targets, and record the ...
  • Paltsev, S.; Karplus, V.; Chen, Y.-H.H.; Karkatsouli, I.; Reilly, J.M.; Jacoby, H.D. (MIT Joint Program, 2013-10)
    Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...
  • Kriesche, Pascal; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program, 2013-09)
    In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...
  • Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...
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