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Materials Availability and the Supply Chain: Risks, Effects, and Responses

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dc.contributor.author Alonso, Elisa
dc.contributor.author Field, Frank
dc.contributor.author Gregory, Jeremy
dc.contributor.author Kirchain, Randolph
dc.date.accessioned 2007-01-17T13:44:03Z
dc.date.available 2007-01-17T13:44:03Z
dc.date.issued 2007-01-17T13:44:03Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/35728
dc.description.abstract Supply chain stakeholders should be aware of the stresses that supply chains place on materials use and the vulnerability of the supply base for that material to change. The question of materials availability is an issue that has been addressed many times over the past 200 years by scientists, engineers and economists, and it is an issue with many levels of complexity. This document examines the question of materials vulnerability, or conversely materials availability, from the perspective of a supply chain decision-maker. Specifically, it addresses four elements of this question: (1) Outcomes: What types of changes can be observed in supply chains as a result of limited materials availability? (2) Mechanisms: What can cause supply chains to face limited raw materials availability? (3) Metrics: How can supply chain decision-makers screen for materials availability vulnerability? (4) Strategies: How can supply chains adapt to become more resilient to potential limited materials availability? This paper, through the use of detailed case analyses, suggests that there are specific outcomes – technological, operational, and geographic – which can be expected within supply chains when limitations on materials emerge and that at least two mechanisms can drive limited access to materials. These results are complemented with an examination of metrics to diagnose vulnerability and a preliminary discussion of preventative prescriptions for the supply chain. en
dc.format.extent 839554 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.subject resource scarcity en
dc.subject supply chain en
dc.subject metrics en
dc.subject case studies en
dc.subject cobalt en
dc.subject copper en
dc.title Materials Availability and the Supply Chain: Risks, Effects, and Responses en
dc.type Working Paper en


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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Materials Systems Laboratory
    Analysis of the strategic implications of materials choice in the automotive, electronic, and aerospace industries

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