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Fabrication of microfluidic devices for artificial respiration

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dc.contributor.advisor Todd Thorsen and Richard Gilbert. en_US Park, Hyesung, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US 2008-02-27T22:15:22Z 2008-02-27T22:15:22Z 2007 en_US 2007 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2007. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 101-108). en_US
dc.description.abstract We are developing elastomeric polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic devices incorporated with photoactive thin films to create an implantable artificial respiration platform. Whereas state-of-the-art respiration support machines deliver oxygen gas directly to the blood via external macroscale devices, our technique utilizes a biomimetic photocatalytic process to generate energy from light and thus produce dissolved oxygen from water which is already present in the blood. Blood oxygenation will be achieved by the interaction between the photoactivated metal oxide film and blood in the setting of a molded microfluidic conduit, providing a stable and implantable oxygenation platform. As a basic, scalable building block, we developed a noble "network" design which was structurally similar to the native pulmonary capillary network. The interconnected channel geometry was designed in such a way to minimize shear stress and reduce hemolysis and thrombosis inside the microchannel. It allowed alternative flow pathways in the event of single channel occlusion while minimizing the establishment of detrimental pressure gradients. The hemocompatibility analysis demonstrated that the network construct showed acceptable levels of hemolysis rate (< 8%) and thrombus formation. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Critical to the success of this project is the understanding of the manufacture parameters for microfluidic devices molded from elastomeric materials like PDMS. In the initial development of our work, we performed the following three tasks to generate manufacture protocols for elastomeric microfluidic devices that will be ultimately used for biological applications: 1) Curing schedules of the heat-cure PDMS elastomers under various fabrication parameters were characterized. 2) The interlayer bonding chemistry of the double layer PDMS device was analyzed followed by subsequent mechanical analysis. 3) The efficacy of various surface treatment techniques on hydrophobic PDMS surfaces was investigated using fluorescently tagged bacteria (E. Coli) flowed through microchannels as reporter particles to measure non-specific adhesion, which will provide useful information in minimizing channel fouling for biological applications. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Hyesung Park. en_US
dc.format.extent 108 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.title Fabrication of microfluidic devices for artificial respiration en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 190863773 en_US

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