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Association of lingual myoarchitecture with local mechanics during swallowing determined by magnetic resonance imaging

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dc.contributor.advisor Richard Gilbert and Roger Kamm. en_US Felton, Samuel M., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US 2008-03-26T21:09:03Z 2008-03-26T21:09:03Z 2006 en_US 2007 en_US
dc.description Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division; and, (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, June 2007. en_US
dc.description This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 131-135). en_US
dc.description.abstract The tongue is an intricately configured muscular organ, which undergoes a series of rapid shape changes intended to first configure and then transport the bolus from the oral cavity to the pharynx during swallowing. In order to observe the synergistic interactions of the eight different muscles in the tongue, MRI techniques were used to determine the three-dimensional fiber architecture, measure the mechanical function of the tongue during swallow, and relate the two quantitatively to identify fiber contraction. Diffusion Tensor Imaging was applied to the in vivo tongue of five subjects at rest to image the tongue myoarchitecture. The data revealed the complex relationships between extrinsic and intrinsic fibers. Phase Contrast MRI was applied to ten subjects to assess the complex array of mechanical events occurring during the propulsive phase of swallowing. Physiological strain rate data was acquired in 4 and 6 time point series during approximately 3 ml water bolus swallows. Data acquisition was gated to pressure from the tip of the tongue against the hard palate, indicating the beginning of the irreversible late accommodation. This method demonstrated that the propulsive phase of swallowing is associated with a precisely organized series of compressive and expansive strain rate events. Individual subject data sets from both of these methods were then related. The alignment between local fiber direction and the co-located strain rate tensor was quantified by the dot product between the two vectors. Using this technique, the sagittal muscle activity was observed over the course of the swallow. In the first 200 ms after gating, the verticalis and palatoglossus contract in order to form the bolus. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) From 300-400 ms, the genioglossus contracts, opening the bolus into the throat, while the verticalis and geniohyoid relax. at 500 ms, relaxation throughout the tongue occurs. These data support the concept that propulsive lingual deformation is due to complex muscular interactions involving both extrinsic and intrinsic muscles. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Samuel M. Felton. en_US
dc.format.extent 135 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights MIT theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed, downloaded, or printed from this source but further reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.title Association of lingual myoarchitecture with local mechanics during swallowing determined by magnetic resonance imaging en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.B. en_US M.Eng. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 212627948 en_US

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