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Government and Environmental Innovation in Europe and North America

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dc.contributor.author Ashford, Nicholas
dc.date.accessioned 2008-05-28T17:11:57Z
dc.date.available 2008-05-28T17:11:57Z
dc.date.issued 2004
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/41850
dc.description.abstract This article challenges certain tenets of the theories of reflexive law and ecological modernization. While far-sighted prevention-oriented and structural changes are needed, some proponents of these theories argue that the very industries and firms that create environmental problems can, through continuous institutional learning; the application of life cycle analysis; dialogue and networks with stakeholders; and implementation of "environmental management systems," be transformed into sustainable industries and firms. While useful, these reforms are insufficient. It is not marginal or incremental changes that are needed for sustainability, but rather major product, process, and system transformations – often beyond the capacity of the dominant industries and firms. This article also questions the alleged failure of regulation to stimulate needed technological changes, and identifies the conditions under which innovation for sustainability can occur. Finally, it discusses differences in needed policies for industrialized and developing countries. en
dc.subject ecological modernization en
dc.subject reflexive law en
dc.subject technological innovation en
dc.subject environmental regulation en
dc.subject voluntary agreements en
dc.subject negotiation en
dc.title Government and Environmental Innovation in Europe and North America en
dc.type Article en


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  • Technology and Law Program
    Research and graduate studies bring law and technology perspectives to environmental, policy, trade, and sustainability issues

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