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Analytical modeling of CO₂ migration in saline aquifers for geological CO₂ storage

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dc.contributor.advisor Ruben Juanes. en_US MacMinn, Christopher William en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US 2009-06-25T20:37:29Z 2009-06-25T20:37:29Z 2008 en_US 2008 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2008. en_US
dc.description This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 53-55). en_US
dc.description.abstract Injection of carbon dioxide into geological formations for long-term storage is widely regarded as a promising tool for reducing global atmospheric CO₂ emissions. Given the environmental and health risks associated with leakage of CO₂ from such a storage site, it is critical to ensure that injected CO₂ remain trapped underground for the foreseeable future. Careful site selection and effective injection methods are the two primary means of addressing this concern, and an accurate understanding of the subsurface spreading and migration of the CO₂ plume during and after injection is essential for both purposes. It is well known that some CO₂ will be trapped in the pore space of the aquifer rock as the plume migrates and spreads; this phenomenon, known as capillary trapping, is an ideal mechanism for geological CO₂ storage because the trapped gas is immobile and distributed over a large area, greatly decreasing the risk of leakage and enhancing the effectiveness of slower, chemical trapping mechanisms. Here, we present an analytical model for the post-injection spreading of a plume of CO₂ in a saline aquifer, both with and without capillary trapping. We solve the governing equation both analytically and numerically, and a comparison of the results for two different initial plume shapes demonstrates the importance of accounting for the true initial plume shape when capillary-trapping effects are considered. We nd that the plume volume converges to a self-similar, power-law trend at late times for any initial shape, but that the plume volume at the onset of this late-time behavior depends strongly on the initial shape even for weakly trapping systems. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Christopher William MacMinn. en_US
dc.format.extent 55 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.title Analytical modeling of CO₂ migration in saline aquifers for geological CO₂ storage en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 374599554 en_US

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