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Acoustic scattering from sand dollars (Dendraster Excentricus) : modeling as high aspect ratio oblate objects and comparison to experiment

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dc.contributor.advisor Timothy K. Stanton and Andone C. Lavery. en_US Dietzen, Gregory C en_US
dc.contributor.other Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US 2009-06-30T17:12:09Z 2009-06-30T17:12:09Z 2008 en_US 2008 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), 2008. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 145-149). en_US
dc.description.abstract Benthic shells can contribute greatly to the scattering variability of the ocean bottom, particularly at low grazing angles. Among the effects of shell aggregates are increased scattering strength and potential subcritical angle penetration of the seafloor. Sand dollars (Dendraster excentricus) occur commonly in the ocean and have been shown to be significant scatters of sound. In order to understand more fully the scattering mechanisms of these organisms, the scattering from individual sand dollars was studied using several methods. Using an approximation to the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff integral, the Kirchhoff method gives an analytic integral expression to the backscattering from an object. This integral was first solved analytically for a disk and a spherical cap, two high aspect ratio oblate shapes which simplify the shape of an individual sand dollar. A method for solving the Kirchhoff integral numerically was then developed. An exact three dimensional model of a sand dollar test was created from computed tomography scans. The Kirchhoff integral was then solved numerically for this model of the sand dollar. The finite element method, a numerical technique for approximating the solutions to partial differential equations and integral equations, was used to model the scattering from an individual sand dollar as well. COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the implementation of the finite element method. Modeling results were compared with published laboratory experimental data from the free field scattering of both an aluminum disk and a sand dollar. Insight on the scattering mechanisms of individual sand dollar, including elastic behavior and diffraction effects, was gained from these comparisons. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Gregory C. Dietzen. en_US
dc.format.extent 149 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject /Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Dendraster excentricus Acoustic properties en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Sound-waves Scattering en_US
dc.title Acoustic scattering from sand dollars (Dendraster Excentricus) : modeling as high aspect ratio oblate objects and comparison to experiment en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 374508660 en_US

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