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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Jui, Nathan T.; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2013-10)
    By choice: The palladium-catalyzed cascade reaction of 2-chloroaryl sulfonates with arylamine and amide nucleophiles provides direct access to N-arylbenzimidazoles. This strategy selectively produces the heterocycles based ...
  • Benson, Edward Oscar; Karger, David R. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-05)
    Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) took a valuable step towards separating web content from presentation. But HTML pages still contain large amounts of "design scaffolding" needed to hierarchically layer content for proper ...
  • Battat, James; Caldwell, T.; Fedus, William B.; Fisher, Peter H.; Henderson, Shawn Wesley; Kaboth, Asher Cunningham; Kallivayalil, Nitya; Lee, A.; Lopez, Jeremy Paul; Monroe, Jocelyn; Sanderson, Robyn Ellyn; Sciolla, Gabriella; Vanderspek, Roland K.; Yegoryan, Hayk; Yamamoto, Richard K. (World Scientific Publishing, 2010-01)
    We present the case for a dark matter detector with directional sensitivity. This document was developed at the 2009 CYGNUS workshop on directional dark matter detection, and contains contributions from theorists and ...
  • Choi, Pilsoon; Gao, Jason Hao; Ramanathan, Nadesh; Mao, Mengda; Xu, Shipeng; Boon, Chirn-Chye; Fahmy, Suhaib A.; Peh, Li-Shiuan (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-08)
    WiFi cannot effectively handle the demands of device-to-device communication between phones, due to insufficient range and poor reliability. We make the case for using IEEE 802.11p DSRC instead, which has been adopted for ...
  • Amon, Angelika B. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2015-10)
    Having been selected to be among the exquisitely talented scientists who won the Sandra K. Masur Senior Leadership Award is a tremendous honor. I would like to take this opportunity to make the case for a conviction of ...
  • Levin, Theodore; Preminger, Omer (Springer Netherlands, 2014-07)
    Baker and Vinokurova (2010) argue that the distribution of morphologically observable case in Sakha (Turkic) requires a hybrid account, which involves recourse both to configurational rules of case assignment (Bittner and ...
  • Allen, Michael; Preis, Ami; Iqbal, Mudasser; Whittle, Andrew (IWA Publishing, 2012-11)
    As aging water distribution infrastructures encounter failures with increasing frequency, there is a real need for integrated, on-line decision-support systems based on continuous in-network monitoring of hydraulic and ...
  • Ooi, Boon Hooi; Zheng, H.; Yue, Dick K. P.; Sundarambal, P.; Dao, M. H.; Roopsekhar, K. A. P.; Cho, W.; Tkalich, P.; Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola; Patrikalakis, Nicholas M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-10)
    A recent algal bloom in the East Johor Strait has led to the damage of marine life in the water channel. This has lead to heavy economic losses to the fish farms located along the water channel. There is a desire to study ...
  • Feizi-Khankandi, Soheil; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    In this paper, we consider the problem of finding the minimum entropy coloring of a characteristic graph under some conditions which allow it to be in polynomial time. This problem arises in the functional compression ...
  • An, Xudong; Fisher, Jeffrey D.; Geltner, David M. (Springer US, 2015-08)
    Using a unique dataset of building operating statements from Fannie Mae, we develop repeated measures regression (RMR) indices for NOI, EGI and PGI to track the cash flow performance of Fannie Mae-financed multifamily real ...
  • Graham, Noah; Shpunt, Alexander Anatoly; Emig, Thorsten; Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Jaffe, Robert L.; Kardar, Mehran (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    The Casimir force has been computed exactly for only a few simple geometries, such as infinite plates, cylinders, and spheres. We show that a parabolic cylinder, for which analytic solutions to the Helmholtz equation are ...
  • Golyk, Vladyslav A.; Kardar, Mehran; Reid, M. T. Homer; Krueger, Matthias Helmut Guenter (American Physical Society, 2012-03)
    We study Casimir interactions between cylinders in thermal nonequilibrium, where the objects as well as the environment are held at different temperatures. We provide the general formula for the force, in a one reflection ...
  • Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Jaffe, Robert L.; Kardar, Mehran (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2012-03)
    The proximity force approximation (PFA) relates the interaction between closely spaced, smoothly curved objects to the force between parallel plates. Precision experiments on Casimir forces necessitate, and spur research ...
  • Johnson, Steven G.; Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Joannopoulos, John D. (American Physical Society, 2010-01)
    Our previous article [Phys. Rev. A 80, 012115 (2009)] introduced a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials that was based on a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. In ...
  • Joannopoulos, John D.; McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Johnson, Steven G.; Rodriguez, Alejandro W. (American Physical Society, 2009-07)
    We present a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. The method involves the time evolution of electric and magnetic ...
  • Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Joannopoulos, John D.; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2009-07)
    We present a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. The method involves the time evolution of electric and magnetic ...
  • Nishida, Yusuke (American Physical Society, 2009-01)
    We investigate a two-species Fermi gas with a large mass ratio interacting by an interspecies short-range interaction. Using the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, we determine the interaction energy of two heavy fermions ...
  • Zaheer, Saad; Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Emig, Thorsten; Jaffe, Robert L. (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    We investigate the electromagnetic Casimir interactions of an object contained within an otherwise empty, perfectly conducting spherical shell. For a small object we present analytical calculations of the force, which is ...
  • Varela, Jaime; Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2011-04)
    Our previous paper [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 060401 (2010)] predicted that Casimir forces induced by the material-dispersion properties of certain dielectrics can give rise to stable configurations of objects. This phenomenon ...
  • Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Kardar, Mehran (American Physical Society, 2015-07)
    The Casimir-Polder interaction between an anisotropic particle and a surface is orientation dependent. We study novel orientational effects that arise due to curvature of the surface for distances much smaller than the ...
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