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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Egedal-Pedersen, Jan; Le, A.; Zhu, Y.; Daughton, W.; Oieroset, M.; Phan, T.; Lin, Robert P. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-05)
    [1] We present a candidate mechanism for the energization of super-thermal electrons during magnetic reconnection in the Earth's magnetotail. By analyzing in-situ measurements of electron distribution functions we characterize ...
  • Tenenbaum, Joshua B.; Hartshorne, Joshua; O'Donnell, Timothy John (Routledge, 2015-02)
    Interpretation of a pronoun in one clause can be systematically affected by the verb in the previous clause. Compare Archibald angered Bartholomew because he … (he = Archibald) with Archibald criticised Bartholomew because ...
  • Martin, John Daniel; Jain, Saloni R.; Stylianopoulosa, Triantafyllos; Chauhana, Vikash P.; Bardeesy, Nabeel; Diop-Frimpong, Benjamin; Stylianopoulos, Triantafyllos; Smith, Barbara L.; Ferrone, Cristina R.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Boucher, Yves; Munn, Lance L.; Jain, Rakesh K. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-08)
    The presence of growth-induced solid stresses in tumors has been suspected for some time, but these stresses were largely estimated using mathematical models. Solid stresses can deform the surrounding tissues and compress ...
  • Pezolet, Nicola (MIT Press Journals, 2010-02)
    During its formative years (1957–1960), the Situationist International (SI) charted a paradoxical relationship between an enthusiasm for a technological future and a surrealist longing for the premodern. In the ...
  • Dionisio, Marco; Schnorr, Jan Markus; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Griffin, Robert Guy; Swager, Timothy Manning; Dalcanale, Enrico (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-04)
    Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been functionalized with highly selective tetraphosphonate cavitand receptors. The binding of charged N-methylammonium species to the functionalized SWCNTs was analyzed by X-ray ...
  • Yan, Hongmei; Liu, Yuming; Kominiarczuk, Jakub; Yue, Dick K. P. (Cambridge University Press, 2009-11)
    The dynamics of the air cavity created by vertical water entry of a three-dimensional body is investigated theoretically, computationally and experimentally. The study is focused in the range of relatively low Froude ...
  • Kimerling, Lionel C.; Hu, Juejun; Carlie, Nathan; Petit, Laeticia; Agarwal, Anuradha Murthy (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    Planar microdisk optical resonators fabricated from Ge[subscript 23]Sb[subscript 7]S[subscript 70] chalcogenide glass on a silicon substrate are applied for cavity-enhanced spectroscopic measurement of chemical molecular ...
  • Wang, Jianfei; Hu, Juejun; Sun, Xiaochen; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Agarwal, Anuradha Murthy (Optical Society of America, 2010-02)
    We propose and theoretically analyze what we believe to be a novel design of cavity-enhanced photodetectors capable of sensing multiple wavelengths simultaneously in a single pixel. The design is based on phase-tuned ...
  • Marsili, Francesco; Najafi, Faraz; Korre, Hasan; Anant, Vikas; Berggren, Karl K.; Dauler, Eric A.; Sunter, Kristen A. (Optical Society of America, 2012-05)
    We propose a design for cavity-integrated Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors based on 20-nm-wide 10-nm-thick nanowires. Our simulations show that these detectors can potentially reach ~90% device detection ...
  • Jiang, Bing; Chen, Yang; Wang, Junzhi; Su, Yang; Zhou, Xin; Safi-Harb, Samar; DeLaney, Tracey (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2010-04)
    3C 397 is a radio and X-ray bright Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) with an unusual rectangular morphology. Our CO observation obtained with the Purple Mountain Observatory at Delingha, Qinghai Province, China reveals that ...
  • Schuster, D. I.; Bishop, Lev S.; Chuang, Isaac L.; DeMille, David; Schoelkopf, Robert J. (American Physical Society, 2011-01)
    We propose a class of experiments using rotational states of dipolar molecular ions trapped near an on-chip superconducting microwave cavity. Molecular ions have several advantages over neutral molecules for such cavity ...
  • Vuletic, Vladan; Labaziewicz, Jaroslaw; Chuang, Isaac L.; Leibrandt, David Ray (American Physical Society, 2009-08)
    We report a demonstration and quantitative characterization of one-dimensional cavity cooling of a single trapped [superscript 88]Sr[superscript +] ion in the resolved-sideband regime. We measure the spectrum of cavity ...
  • Friedman, Beth; Ardon Dryer, Karin; Kroll, Jesse; Thornton, Joel; Carrasquillo, Anthony Joseph; Daumit, Kelly Elizabeth; Boulanger, Kelsey Jane; Cross, Eben Spencer; Browne, Eleanor C.; Cziczo, Daniel James (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-05)
    Cloud condensation nuclei, aerosol chemical composition, and aerosol size measurements were determined at a field site subject to a variety of aerosol sources. A pumped counterflow virtual impactor was utilized to directly ...
  • Jacobson, Heather R.; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2015-07)
    With [Fe/H] ~ −3.3, CD −24°17504 is a canonical metal-poor main-sequence turn-off star. Though it has appeared in numerous literature studies, the most comprehensive abundance analysis for the star based on high-resolution, ...
  • Yong, Ching-Shya; Ou Yang, Chih-Ming; Chou, Yenn-Hwei; Liao, Chao-Sheng; Lee, Chung-Wei; Lee, Chin-Cheng (BioMed Central Ltd, 2012-07)
    Background: To correlate CD44/CD24 expression with gastric cancer recurrence and prognosis. Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality due to the high recurrence rate, of which the molecular signature ...
  • Bynoe, Margaret S.; Waickman, Adam T.; Mahamed, Deeqa A.; Mueller, Cynthia; Mills, Jeffrey H.; Czopik, Agnieszka (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012-07)
    CD73 is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-(GPI-) linked membrane protein that catalyzes the extracellular dephosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to adenosine. Adenosine is a negative regulator of inflammation and ...
  • Bak, S. Peter G.; Barnkob, Mike Stein; Wittrup, Karl Dane; Chen, Jianzhu (American Association for Cancer Research, 2013-09)
    Stimulation of patients' immune systems for the treatment of solid tumors is an emerging therapeutic paradigm. The use of enriched autologous T cells for adoptive cell therapy or vaccination with antigen-loaded dendritic ...
  • Sehrawat, Sharvan; Kirak, Oktay; Koenig, Paul-Albert; Isaacson, Marisa K.; Marques, Sofia; Bozkurt, Gunes; Simas, J. Pedro; Jaenisch, Rudolf; Ploegh, Hidde (Elsevier, 2012-04)
    To study the CD8[superscript +] T cell response against a mouse γ-herpes virus, we generated K[superscript b]-MHV-68-ORF8[superscript 604–612]RAG[superscript −/−] CD8[superscript +] T cell receptor transnuclear (TN) mice ...
  • Mashayekhi, Mona; Sandau, Michelle M.; Dunay, Ildiko R.; Frickel, Eva M.; Khan, Asis; Goldszmid, Romina S.; Sher, Alan; Murphy, Theresa L.; Sibley, L. David; Murphy, Kenneth M.; Ploegh, Hidde (Elsevier/Cell Press, 2011-08)
    CD8α[superscript +] dendritic cells (DCs) are important in vivo for cross-presentation of antigens derived from intracellular pathogens and tumors. Additionally, secretion of interleukin-12 (IL-12) by CD8α[superscript +] ...
  • Rock, Jeremy Michael; Amon, Angelika B. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2011-02)
    In budding yeast, a Ras-like GTPase signaling cascade known as the mitotic exit network (MEN) promotes exit from mitosis. To ensure the accurate execution of mitosis, MEN activity is coordinated with other cellular events ...
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