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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Ashford, Nicholas A.; Ashford, Robert; Hall, Ralph P. (EBR Media, 2012-10)
    In a prior article in this edition – entitled Addressing the Crisis in Employment and Consumer Demand – it was argued that environmental sustainability with sustainable economic recovery requires sustainable earning capacity ...
  • Ritvo, Harriet (Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, 2011-03)
    For very good reasons, obvious every time we hear the news, it is difficult to separate the future of environmental history from the future of the environment. The long record of our species’ engagement with the global ...
  • Daley, George Q.; Lensch, M. William; Jaenisch, Rudolf; Meissner, Alexander; Plath, Kathrin; Yamanaka, Shinya (Elsevier B.V., 2009-03)
    We read with great interest the excellent review by Maherali and Hochedlinger (2008) that recommends standards for characterization of pluripotent stem cell lines, especially the many new lines being generated using ...
  • Smith, Stacey J.; Jamison, Timothy F.; Standley, Eric; Mueller, Peter (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-04)
    A series of air-stable nickel complexes of the form L[subscript 2]Ni(aryl) X (L = monodentate phosphine, X = Cl, Br) and LNi(aryl)X (L = bis-phosphine) have been synthesized and are presented as a library of precatalysts ...
  • Tharakaraman, Kannan; Subramanian, Vidya; Viswanathan, Karthik; Sloan, Susan; Yen, Hui-Ling; Barnard, Dale L.; Leung, Y. H. Connie; Szretter, Kristy J.; Koch, Tyree J.; Delaney, James C.; Babcock, Gregory J.; Wogan, Gerald N.; Sasisekharan, Ram; Shriver, Zachary (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-09)
    Emerging strains of influenza represent a significant public health threat with potential pandemic consequences. Of particular concern are the recently emerged H7N9 strains which cause pneumonia with acute respiratory ...
  • Tharakaraman, Kannan; Subramanian, Vidya; Cain, David; Sasisekharan, Viswanathan; Sasisekharan, Ram (Elsevier, 2014-05)
    Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAb) that target a conserved region of a viral antigen hold significant therapeutic promise. CR8020 is a bNAb that targets the stem region of influenza A virus (IAV) hemagglutinin (HA). ...
  • Rider, Todd H.; Zook, Christina E.; Boettcher, Tara L.; Wick, Scott T.; Pancoast, Jennifer S.; Zusman, Benjamin D. (Public Library of Science, 2011-07)
    Currently there are relatively few antiviral therapeutics, and most which do exist are highly pathogen-specific or have other disadvantages. We have developed a new broad-spectrum antiviral approach, dubbed Double-stranded ...
  • Chern, Gia-Wei; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Nandkishore, Rahul Mahajan; Chubukov, Andrey V. (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    We show that the spin-density wave state on the partially filled honeycomb and triangular lattices is preempted by a paramagnetic phase that breaks an emergent Z[subscript 4] symmetry of the system associated with the four ...
  • Kellogg, Katherine C. (SAGE Publications, 2014-08)
    In this comparative ethnographic case study of the implementation of a reform related to the Affordable Care Act in two community health centers, I find that professionals may not compete to claim new tasks (and thereby ...
  • Floyd, Scott R.; Pacold, Michael E.; Huang, Qiuying; Clarke, Scott M.; Rameseder, Jonathan; Lee, Michael J.; Blake, Emily J.; Fydrych, Anna; Ho, Richard; Del Rosario, Amanda M.; Root, David E.; Carpenter, Anne E.; Hahn, William C.; Sabatini, David M.; Chen, Clark C.; White, Forest M.; Bradner, James E.; Yaffe, Michael B.; Lam, Fred Chiu-Lai; Cannell, Ian Gordon; Bryson, Bryan D.; Greenberger, Benjamin Aaron; Chen, Grace; Maffa, Amanda D. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-06)
    DNA damage activates a signalling network that blocks cell-cycle progression, recruits DNA repair factors and/or triggers senescence or programmed cell death. Alterations in chromatin structure are implicated in the ...
  • Setiya, Kieran (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-07)
    In Rationality Through Reasoning, John Broome explores the nature of reasons, rationality, and what he calls “the central ought.” His discussion is rich in distinctions, arguments, and controversial claims. It is also ...
  • Jones, Graham M. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014-12)
    Profound paradoxes motivate Lilith Mahmud’s singular ethnography of Italian Freemason women: although the Enlightenment’s core democratic values of liberty, equality, and fraternity in many ways originated within Euro-American ...
  • Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Burgasser, Adam J.; West, Adam J.; Bochanski, John J.; Cruz, Kelle L.; Shara, Michael M.; Walter, Frederick M. (American Astronomical Society, 2010-01)
    We report on nine wide common proper motion systems containing late-type M, L, or T companions. We confirm six previously reported companions, and identify three new systems. The ages of these systems are determined using ...
  • Aller, Kimberly M.; Liu, Michael C.; Magnier, Eugene A.; Best, William M. J.; Burgett, William S.; Chambers, Kenneth C.; Hodapp, Klaus W.; Flewelling, Heather; Kaiser, Nick; Metcalf, Nigel; Tonry, John L.; Wainscoat, Richard J.; Waters, Christopher; Kotson, Michael C. (Institute of Physics Publishing (IOP), 2016-04)
    Substellar members of young (lesssim150 Myr) moving groups are valuable benchmarks to empirically define brown dwarf evolution with age and to study the low-mass end of the initial mass function. We have combined Pan-STARRS1 ...
  • Evans, Matthew J.; Fritschel, Peter K.; Weiss, Rainer; Dolesi, R.; Hueller, M.; Nicolodi, D.; Tombolato, D.; Vitale, S.; Wass, P. J.; Gundlach, J. H.; Hagedorn, C. A.; Schlamminger, S.; Ciani, G.; Cavalleri, A. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-09)
    We present an analysis of Brownian force noise from residual gas damping of reference test masses as a fundamental sensitivity limit in small force experiments. The resulting acceleration noise increases significantly when ...
  • Martin, Heather R.; Shakya, Krishna P.; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Ge, Zhongming; Klei, Thomas R.; Whary, Mark T.; Fox, James G. (Elsevier B.V., 2010-09)
    In select Helicobacter pylori-infected populations with low gastric cancer, nematode coinfections are common and both helicobacter gastritis and filariasis are modeled in gerbils. We evaluated gastritis, worm counts, tissue ...
  • Christiansen, Mark M.; Duffy, Ken R.; Medard, Muriel; Calmon, Flavio du Pin (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-07)
    Consider the situation where a word is chosen probabilistically from a finite list. If an attacker knows the list and can inquire about each word in turn, then selecting the word via the uniform distribution maximizes the ...
  • Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Sciolla, Gabriella (American Physical Society, 2012-04)
    We present branching fraction measurements for the decays B[superscript 0]→ρ[superscript 0]K[superscript *0], B[superscript 0]→f[subscript 0]K[superscript *0], and B[superscript 0]→ρ[superscript -]K[superscript *+], where ...
  • Narayan, G. Prakash; Sharqawy, Mostafa H.; Lam, Steven; Das, Sarit K.; Lienhard, John H. (Wiley Blackwell, 2013-02)
    Carrier gas based thermodynamic cycles are common in water desalination applications. These cycles often require condensation of water vapor out of the carrier gas stream. As the carrier gas is most likely a noncondensable ...
  • Lee, Jongho; Rahman, Faizur; Laoui, Tahar; Karnik, Rohit (American Physical Society, 2012-08)
    Bubble damping in displacement-driven microfluidic flows was theoretically and experimentally investigated for a Y-channel microfluidic network. The system was found to exhibit linear behavior for typical microfluidic flow ...
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