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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Khalilpour, Akbar; Kazemzadeh-Narbat, Mehdi; Tamayol, Ali; Oklu, Rahmi; Khademhosseini, Alireza (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-04)
    Helicobacter pylori is responsible for worldwide chronic bacterial infection in humans affecting approximately half of the world’s population. H. pylori is associated with significant morbidity and mortality including ...
  • Seager, Sara; Bains, William; Hu, Rui (IOP Publishing, 2013-09)
    Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry ...
  • Lee, Hsiang-He; Bar Or, Rotem Zvi; Wang, Chien (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-01)
    Fires including peatland burning in Southeast Asia have become a major concern to the general public as well as governments in the region. This is because aerosols emitted from such fires can cause persistent haze events ...
  • Arnold, S. R.; Emmons, L. K.; Monks, S. A.; Law, K. S.; Turquety, S.; Tilmes, S.; Thomas, J. L.; Bouarar, I.; Flemming, J.; Huijnen, V.; Mao, J.; Duncan, B. N.; Steenrod, S.; Yoshida, Y.; Langner, J.; Long, Y.; Ridley, David Andrew (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-06)
    We have evaluated tropospheric ozone enhancement in air dominated by biomass burning emissions at high latitudes (> 50° N) in July 2008, using 10 global chemical transport model simulations from the POLMIP multi-model ...
  • Bates, Richard B; Ghoniem, Ahmed F (Elsevier, 2013-01)
    Based on the evolution of volatile and solid products predicted by a previous model for willow torrefaction (Bates and Ghoniem, 2012) a thermochemical model has been developed to describe their thermal, chemical, and ...
  • Bates, Richard B.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. (Elsevier, 2012-07)
    The aim of this work is the development of a kinetics model for the evolution of the volatile and solid product composition during torrefaction conditions between 200 and 300 °C. Coupled to an existing two step solid mass ...
  • Hotaling, Nathan A.; Babensee, Julia E.; Tang, Li; Irvine, Darrell J (Annual Reviews, 2015-12)
    Strategies to enhance, suppress, or qualitatively shape the immune response are of importance for diverse biomedical applications, such as the development of new vaccines, treatments for autoimmune diseases and allergies, ...
  • Li, Qing; Doyran, Basak; Gamer, Laura W.; Lu, X. Lucas; Qin, Ling; Rosen, Vicki; Han, Lin; Ortiz, Christine; Grodzinsky, Alan J (Elsevier, 2015-03)
    This study aimed to quantify the biomechanical properties of murine meniscus surface. Atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based nanoindentation was performed on the central region, proximal side of menisci from 6- to 24-week old ...
  • Eilenberg, Michael Frederick; Endo, Ken; Herr, Hugh M (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018-03)
    State-of-the-art transtibial prostheses provide only ankle joint actuation and thus do not provide the biarticular function of the amputated gastrocnemius muscle. We develop a prosthesis that actuates both knee and ankle ...
  • Elliott, Grant; Sawicki, Gregory S.; Marecki, Andrew; Herr, Hugh M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    While the effects of series compliance on running biomechanics are well documented, the effects of parallel compliance are known only for the simpler case of hopping. As many practical exoskeletal and orthotic designs act ...
  • Pivkin, Igor V.; Karniadakis, George E.; Buffet, Pierre A.; Suresh, Subra; Peng, Zhangli; Dao, Ming (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2016-06)
    Red blood cells (RBCs) can be cleared from circulation when alterations in their size, shape, and deformability are detected. This function is modulated by the spleen-specific structure of the interendothelial slit (IES). ...
  • Bernick, Kristin B.; Prevost, Thibault P.; Suresh, Subra; Socrate, Simona (Elsevier, 2010-12)
    This study presents experimental results and computational analysis of the large strain dynamic behavior of single neurons in vitro with the objective of formulating a novel quantitative framework for the biomechanics of ...
  • Tromberg, Bruce J.; Anderson, R. Rox; Birngruber, Reginald; Brinkmann, Ralf; Berns, Michael W.; Apiou-Sbirlea, Gabriela; Parrish, John A (SPIE, 2016-12)
    Despite widespread government and public interest, there are significant barriers to translating basic science discoveries into clinical practice. Biophotonics and biomedical optics technologies can be used to overcome ...
  • Andersen, Richard A.; Musallam, Sam; Penagos, Hector L.; Wattanapanitch, Woradorn; Rapoport, Benjamin I.; Sarpeshkar, Rahul (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    Algorithmically and energetically efficient computational architectures that operate in real time are essential for clinically useful neural prosthetic devices. Such devices decode raw neural data to obtain direct control ...
  • Artemiadis, Panagiotis; Katsiaris, Pantelis T.; Kyriakopoulos, Kostas J. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2010-06)
    Redundant robots have received increased attention during the last decades, since they provide solutions to problems investigated for years in the robotic community, e.g. task-space tracking, obstacle avoidance etc. However, ...
  • Rocco, Kevin A.; Gheorghe, Ciprian P.; Sivarapatna, Amogh; Ghaedi, Mahboobe; Balestrini, Jenna L.; Raredon, Thomas L.; Calle, Elizabeth A.; Niklason, Laura E.; Raredon, Micha Sam Brickman (Mary Ann Lieber, 2016-04)
    Decellularized organs are now established as promising scaffolds for whole-organ regeneration. For this work to reach therapeutic practice, techniques and apparatus are necessary for doing human-scale clinically applicable ...
  • Staymates, Matthew E.; MacCrehan, William A.; Staymates, Jessica L.; Gillen, Greg J.; Craven, Brent A.; Kunz, Roderick R; Mendum, Thomas H.e.; Ong, Ta-Hsuan; Geurtsen, Geoffrey P. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12)
    Unlike current chemical trace detection technology, dogs actively sniff to acquire an odor sample. Flow visualization experiments with an anatomically-similar 3D printed dog’s nose revealed the external aerodynamics during ...
  • Triantafyllou, Michael S; Weymouth, Gabriel D; Miao, Jianmin (Annual Reviews, 2015-07)
    The fluid mechanics employed by aquatic animals in their escape or attack maneuvers, what we call survival hydrodynamics, are fascinating because the recorded performance in animals is truly impressive. Such performance ...
  • Wu, Cheng-Yeu; Young, Lena; Martel, Jan; Young, John D.; Young, David Y. (Public Library of Science, 2013-09)
    Mineralo-organic nanoparticles form spontaneously in human body fluids when the concentrations of calcium and phosphate ions exceed saturation. We have shown previously that these mineralo-organic nanoparticles possess ...
  • Hernandez Rivera, Javier; McDuff, Daniel Jonathan; Picard, Rosalind W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-08)
    The large-scale adoption of smartphones during recent years has created many opportunities to improve health monitoring and care delivery. In this work, we demonstrate that motion sensors available in off-the-shelf smartphones ...
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