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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Wyble, Brad; Bowman, Howard; Potter, Mary C. (American Psychological Association, 2009-04)
    Transient attention to a visually salient cue enhances processing of a subsequent target in the same spatial location between 50 to 150 ms after cue onset (K. Nakayama & M. Mackeben, 1989). Do stimuli from a categorically ...
  • Lashkari, Danial; Sridharan, Ramesh; Golland, Polina (Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation (NIPS), 2010-01)
    We present a model that describes the structure in the responses of different brain areas to a set of stimuli in terms of stimulus categories (clusters of stimuli) and functional units (clusters of voxels). We assume that ...
  • Miller, Earl K.; Seger, Carol A. (Annual Reviews, 2010-07)
    The ability to group items and events into functional categories is a fundamental characteristic of sophisticated thought. It is subserved by plasticity in many neural systems, including neocortical regions (sensory, ...
  • Spivak, David I.; Giesa, Tristan; Wood, Elizabeth; Buehler, Markus J. (Public Library of Science, 2011-09)
    Materials in biology span all the scales from Angstroms to meters and typically consist of complex hierarchical assemblies of simple building blocks. Here we describe an application of category theory to describe structural ...
  • Giesa, Tristan; Spivak, David I.; Buehler, Markus J. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-06)
    An important objective in materials design is to develop a systematic methodology for replacing unavailable or expensive material building blocks by simpler and abundant ones, while maintaining or improving the functionality ...
  • Vogelsberger, Mark; O’Shea, Brian W.; Griffen, Brendan Francis; Ji, Alexander Pung; Dooley, Gregory Alan; Gomez, Facundo A.; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2016-02)
    We present the largest number of Milky Way sized dark matter halos simulated at very high mass (~10[superscript 4]Mʘ/particle) and temporal resolution (5 Myr/snapshot) done to date, quadrupling what is currently available ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Costantino, Cristina Maria; Hafler, David A. (American Association of Immunologists, 2009-06)
    Although it has long been known that human CD4+ T cells can express functional class II MHC molecules, the role of lysosomal proteases in the T cell class II MHC processing and presentation pathway is unknown. Using CD4+ ...
  • Barr, Miles C.; Carbonera, Chiara; Po, Riccardo; Gleason, Karen K.; Bulovic, Vladimir (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2012-04)
    Vacuum and solution processed versions of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) are used as cathode interlayers in inverted organic photovoltaic cells comprising tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene as the electron donor and ...
  • Brozek, Carl Kavanaugh; Dinca, Mircea (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014-05)
    Cation exchange is an emerging synthetic route for modifying the secondary building units (SBUs) of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). This technique has been used extensively to enhance the properties of nanocrystals and ...
  • Pamplona, Vitor F.; Passos, Erick B.; Zizka, Jan; Oliveira, Manuel M.; Clua, Esteban; Raskar, Ramesh; Lawson, Matthew Everett (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-07)
    We introduce an interactive method to assess cataracts in the human eye by crafting an optical solution that measures the perceptual impact of forward scattering on the foveal region. Current solutions rely on highly-trained ...
  • Angrist, Joshua; Kuersteiner, Guido M. (MIT Press, 2010-04)
    We develop semiparametric tests for conditional independence in time series models of causal effects. Our approach is motivated by empirical studies of monetary policy effects. Our approach is semiparametric in the sense ...
  • Freer, Cameron E.; Wissner-Gross, Alexander (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    Recent advances in fields ranging from cosmology to computer science have hinted at a possible deep connection between intelligence and entropy maximization, but no formal physical relationship between them has yet been ...
  • Hainmueller, Jens; Yamamoto, Teppei; Hopkins, Daniel J. (Oxford University Press, 2013-12)
    Survey experiments are a core tool for causal inference. Yet, the design of classical survey experiments prevents them from identifying which components of a multidimensional treatment are influential. Here, we show how ...
  • Lohmeyer, Whitney Quinne; Cahoy, Kerri; Liu, Shiyang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013-03)
    In this work, we analyze a historical archive of single event upsets (SEUs) maintained by Inmarsat, one of the world's leading providers of global mobile satellite communications services. Inmarsat has operated its ...
  • Huang, Ying-zong; Kochman, Yuval; Wornell, Gregory W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    We propose a linear predictive quantization system for causally transmitting parallel sources with temporal memory (colored frames) over an erasure channel. By optimizing within this structure, we derive an achievability ...
  • Rudaz, Gilles (MIT Press, 2011-10)
    Due to the localized nature of mountains, their great diversity, and the fact that their specificity is rarely taken into account by national policies, their inscription on the world's environmental agenda can be considered ...
  • Egedal-Pedersen, Jan; Le, A.; Zhu, Y.; Daughton, W.; Oieroset, M.; Phan, T.; Lin, Robert P. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-05)
    [1] We present a candidate mechanism for the energization of super-thermal electrons during magnetic reconnection in the Earth's magnetotail. By analyzing in-situ measurements of electron distribution functions we characterize ...
  • Tenenbaum, Joshua B.; Hartshorne, Joshua; O'Donnell, Timothy John (Routledge, 2015-02)
    Interpretation of a pronoun in one clause can be systematically affected by the verb in the previous clause. Compare Archibald angered Bartholomew because he … (he = Archibald) with Archibald criticised Bartholomew because ...
  • Martin, John Daniel; Jain, Saloni R.; Stylianopoulosa, Triantafyllos; Chauhana, Vikash P.; Bardeesy, Nabeel; Diop-Frimpong, Benjamin; Stylianopoulos, Triantafyllos; Smith, Barbara L.; Ferrone, Cristina R.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Boucher, Yves; Munn, Lance L.; Jain, Rakesh K. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-08)
    The presence of growth-induced solid stresses in tumors has been suspected for some time, but these stresses were largely estimated using mathematical models. Solid stresses can deform the surrounding tissues and compress ...
  • Pezolet, Nicola (MIT Press Journals, 2010-02)
    During its formative years (1957–1960), the Situationist International (SI) charted a paradoxical relationship between an enthusiasm for a technological future and a surrealist longing for the premodern. In the ...
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