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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Lam, P. J.; Balch, W. M.; Auro, M. E.; Pike, S.; Drapeau, D.; Bowler, B.; Rosengard, Sarah Zhou (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-07)
    Sequestration of carbon by the marine biological pump depends on the processes that alter, remineralize, and preserve particulate organic carbon (POC) during transit to the deep ocean. Here, we present data collected from ...
  • Griffith, David Richmond; Wacker, Lukas; Gschwend, Philip M.; Eglinton, Timothy I. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-10)
    RATIONALE: Steroids are potent hormones that are found in many environments. Yet, contributions from synthetic and endogenous sources are largely uncharacterized. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether carbon ...
  • Kessler, Seth S.; Dunn, Christopher T.; Wicks, Sunny S.; de Villoria, Roberto Guzman; Wardle, Brian L. (DEStech Publications, Inc., 2011-09)
    The goal of the present effort was to develop an integrated system capable of reliable ice-deterioration, de-icing and anti-icing in addition to structural diagnostics to enable aerosurface state awareness. The basis for ...
  • Shin, Su Ryon; Jung, Sung Mi; Zalabany, Momen; Kim, Keekyoung; Zorlutuna, Pinar; Kim, Sang bok; Nikkhah, Mehdi; Khabiry, Masoud; Azize, Mohamed; Kong, Jing; Wan, Kai-tak; Palacios, Tomas; Dokmeci, Mehmet; Bae, Hojae; Tang, Xiaowu (Shirley); Khademhosseini, Ali (American Chemical Society, 2013-03)
    We engineered functional cardiac patches by seeding neonatal rat cardiomyocytes onto carbon nanotube (CNT)-incorporated photo-cross-linkable gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels. The resulting cardiac constructs showed ...
  • Choi, Wonjoon; Abrahamson, Joel T.; Strano, Jennifer M.; Strano, Michael S.; Wonjoon, Choi (Elsevier B.V., 2010-10)
    Thermopower waves are a new concept for the direct conversion of chemical to electrical energy. A nanowire with large axial thermal diffusivity can accelerate a self-propagating reaction wave using a fuel coated along its ...
  • Chen, Po-Yen; Hyder, Md Nasim; Qi, Jifa; Belcher, Angela M.; Hammond, Paula T.; Dorval Courchesne, Noemie-Manuelle (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-04)
    Conductive polymer hydrogels, which synergize the advantageous features of hydrogels and conductive materials, have been utilized in many electrochemical energy storage applications. Here, we introduce phytic acid as (1) ...
  • Kim, Jun Young (MDPI AG, 2009-11)
    This paper focuses on the fabrication via simple melt blending of thermotropic liquid crystal polyester (TLCP) nanocomposites reinforced with a very small quantity of modified carbon nanotube (CNT) and the unique effects ...
  • Culpepper, Martin Luther; Cullinan, Michael Arthur (American Physical Society, 2010-09)
    Carbon-nanotube (CNT) -based strain sensors have the potential to overcome some of the limitations in small-scale force/displacement sensing technologies due to their small size and high sensitivity to strain. A better ...
  • Kroll, Jesse; Donahue, Neil M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Kessler, Sean Herbert; Canagaratna, M. R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Altieri, Katye E.; Mazzoleni, Lynn R.; Wozniak, Andrew S.; Bluhm, Hendrik; Mysak, Erin R.; Smith, Jared D.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2011-02)
    A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that they play in human health, biogeochemical cycles and the Earth's climate. ...
  • Knittel, Christopher Roland; Sandler, Ryan (University of Chicago Press, 2010-10)
    The transportation sector accounts for nearly one third of the United States' greenhouse gas emissions. While over the past number of decades, policy makers have avoided directly pricing the externalities from vehicles, ...
  • Simchi-Levi, David; Abdallah, Tarek; Diabat, Ali (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    Faced with growing concerns over the environmental impact of human activities and increasing regulatory pressure, companies are beginning to recognize the importance of greening their supply chains by minimizing carbon ...
  • Forney, David C.; Rothman, Daniel H. (Ecological Society of America, 2014-02)
    The decay of organic matter in natural ecosystems is controlled by a network of biologically, physically, and chemically driven processes. Decomposing organic matter is often described as a continuum that transforms and ...
  • Do, Loi Hung; Hayashi, Takahiro; Moenne-Loccoz, Pierre; Lippard, Stephen J. (American Chemical Society, 2010-01)
    Dioxygen activation by carboxylate-bridged diiron enzymes is involved in essential biological processes ranging from DNA synthesis and hydrocarbon metabolism to cell proliferation.1-3 The carboxylate-bridged diiron ...
  • Lee, Kichang; Lv, Wener; Ter-Ovanesyan, Evgeny; Barley, Maya E.; Voysey, Graham E.; Galea, Anna M.; Hirschman, Gordon B.; Leroy, Kristen; Marini, Robert P.; Barrett, Conor; Armoundas, Antonis A.; Cohen, Richard J. (Wiley Blackwell, 2013-02)
    Background We developed and evaluated a novel system for guiding radiofrequency catheter ablation therapy of ventricular tachycardia. This guidance system employs an inverse solution guidance algorithm (ISGA) using a ...
  • Arai, Tatsuya; Lee, Kichang; Cohen, Richard J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-08)
    Cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) are the key hemodynamic parameters to be monitored and assessed in ambulatory and critically ill patients. The purpose of this study was to introduce and validate a new algorithm ...
  • Sun, James X.; Reisner, Andrew T.; Saeed, Mohammed; Heldt, Thomas; Mark, Roger Greenwood (Wolters Kluwer, 2009-01)
    Objective: The value of different algorithms that estimate cardiac output (CO) by analysis of a peripheral arterial blood pressure (ABP) waveform has not been definitively identified. In this investigation, we developed a ...
  • Anderson, Erik S.; Lin, Chia-Ho; Xiao, Xinshu; Stoilov, Peter; Burge, Christopher B.; Black, Douglas L. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2012-03)
    Modulation of alternative pre-mRNA splicing is a potential approach to therapeutic targeting for a variety of human diseases. We investigated the mechanism by which digitoxin, a member of the cardiotonic steroid class of ...
  • Jungbluth, Sean; Burkhardt, Brian; de Leo, Fabio; Bruno, Barbara; Boiteau, Rene Maurice; Bottjer, Daniela (The Oceanography Society, 2014-06)
    The world of science continues to train and grant degrees to an abundance of eager young investigators, yet the number of tenure-track positions in oceanography and related fields is not increasing. Nevertheless, academic ...
  • Shin, Taeho; Wolfson, Johanna W.; Kandyla, Maria; Teitelbaum, Samuel Welch; Nelson, Keith Adam (American Physical Society, 2015-11)
    Femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy of bismuth thin films has revealed strong dependencies of reflectivity and phonon frequency on film thickness in the range of 25−40 nm. The reflectivity variations are ascribed to distinct ...
  • Sander, Michelle Yen-Ling; Kaertner, Franz X. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    The carrier-envelope phase dynamics of octave-spanning Ti:sapphire lasers are analyzed based on a one-dimensional laser. It is found that self-steepening is the major contributor to the energy dependent carrier-envelope ...
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