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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Mandel, Ilya; Taylor, Stephen R.; Gair, Jonathan R. (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    We investigate a novel approach to measuring the Hubble constant using gravitational-wave (GW) signals from compact binaries by exploiting the narrowness of the distribution of masses of the underlying neutron-star population. ...
  • Treleaven, Kyle Ballantyne; Pavone, Marco; Frazzoli, Emilio (American Automatic Control Council, 2012-06)
    Demand-responsive transport (DRT) systems, where users generate requests for transportation from a pickup point to a delivery point, are expected to increase in usage dramatically as the inconvenience of privately-owned ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph A.; Vaucelle, Catherine Nicole; Ishii, Hiroshi (Association for Computing Machinery, 2009-04)
    In this paper we present the design of a cost-effective wearable sensor to detect and indicate the strength and other characteristics of the electric field emanating from a laptop display. Our Electromagnetic Field Detector ...
  • Guan, Kyle C.; Chan, Vincent W. S. (Optical Society of America, 2009-06)
    In this paper, we provide some analytical insights into physical architectures that can serve as benchmarks for designing a cost-efficient WDM metropolitan area network (MAN). For uniform all-to-all traffic and regular ...
  • Ghaffari, Mohsen; Lynch, Nancy Ann; Newport, Calvin (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-07)
    We study upper and lower bounds for the global and local broadcast problems in the dual graph model combined with different strength adversaries. The dual graph model is a generalization of the standard graph-based radio ...
  • Talmadge, Elisabeth Rosem Caitlin; O'Neil, William D. (MIT Press, 2009-12)
    To the Editors (William D. O’Neil writes): Caitlin Talmadge’s analysis of the threat of Iranian action to close the Strait of Hormuz is not only timely but provides many valuable insights.1 Several aspects of this ...
  • Ryan, Stephen (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012-05)
    The typical cost analysis of an environmental regulation consists of an engineering estimate of the compliance costs. In industries where fixed costs are an important determinant of market structure, this static analysis ...
  • MacMinn, C. W.; Szulczewski, Michael Lawrence; Juanes, Ruben (Cambridge University Press, 2011-10)
    The large-scale injection of carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) into saline aquifers is a promising tool for reducing atmospheric CO[subscript 2] emissions to mitigate climate change. An accurate assessment of the post-injection ...
  • MacMinn, C.W.; Szulczewski, Michael L.; Juanes, Ruben (Elsevier, 2011-04)
    We incorporate CO[subscript 2] dissolution due to convective mixing into a sharp-interface mathematical model for the post-injection migration of a plume of CO[subscript 2] in a saline aquifer. The model captures CO[subscript ...
  • Xie, Liang; Duncan, Michael B.; Pahler, Jessica; Sugimoto, Hikaru; Martino, Margot; Lively, Julie; Mundel, Thomas; Soubasakos, Mary; Takeda, Takaaki; Inoue, Masahiro; Lawler, Jack; Hanahan, Douglas; Rubin, Kristofer; Hynes, Richard O.; Kalluri, Raghu (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-05)
    Whereas the roles of proangiogenic factors in carcinogenesis are well established, those of endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors (EAIs) remain to be fully elaborated. We investigated the roles of three EAIs during de novo ...
  • Wachinger, Christian; Sharp, Gregory C.; Golland, Polina (Springer-Verlag, 2013-09)
    We present a novel method for inferring tissue labels in atlas-based image segmentation using Gaussian process regression. Atlas-based segmentation results in probabilistic label maps that serve as input to our method. We ...
  • Chandrasekaran, Venkat; Chertkov, Misha; Gamarnik, David; Shah, Devavrat; Shin, Jinwoo (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-07)
    We consider the #P-complete problem of counting the number of independent sets in a given graph. Our interest is in understanding the effectiveness of the popular belief propagation (BP) heuristic. BP is a simple iterative ...
  • Santos, Luiz; Nishida, Yusuke; Chamon, Claudio; Mudry, Christopher (American Physical Society, 2011-03)
    A counting formula for computing the number of (Majorana) zero modes bound to topological point defects is evaluated in a gradient expansion for systems with charge-conjugation symmetry. This semi-classical counting of ...
  • Zhou, Huaxing; Woo, Jiyeon; Cok, Alexandra M.; Wang, Muzhou; Olsen, Bradley D.; Johnson, Jeremiah A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-11)
    Much of our fundamental knowledge related to polymer networks is built on an assumption of ideal end-linked network structure. Real networks invariably possess topological imperfections that negatively affect mechanical ...
  • Buzard, James (Cambridge University Press, 2010-01)
    This short paper proposes to consider the transition from Bleak House (1852–53) to Little Dorrit (1856–57) as a phase of particular significance in Dickens's debate with himself over the claims, benefits, and pitfalls of ...
  • Zhu, Ting; Szostak, Jack W. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2009-03)
    The generation of synthetic forms of cellular life requires solutions to the problem of how biological processes such as cyclic growth and division could emerge from purely physical and chemical systems. Small unilamellar ...
  • Lymar, Daria S.; Neugebauer, Timothy C.; Perreault, David J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2006-11)
    Conventional filter circuits suffer from a number of limitations, including performance degradation due to capacitor parasitic inductance and the size and cost of magnetic elements. Coupled-magnetic filters have been ...
  • Jha, Birendra; Juanes, Ruben (John Wiley & Sons, Inc/American Geophysical Union, 2014-05)
    The coupling between subsurface flow and geomechanical deformation is critical in the assessment of the environmental impacts of groundwater use, underground liquid waste disposal, geologic storage of carbon dioxide, and ...
  • Chen, Jeffrey J.; Sorelli, Luca; Vandamme, Matthieu; Ulm, Franz-Josef; Chanvillard, Gilles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc/American Ceramic Society, 2010-02)
    A low water/cement ratio (w/c=0.20) hydrated Portland cement paste was analyzed by grid-indentation coupled with ex situ scanning electron microscope-energy-dispersive X-ray spectra (SEM-EDS) analysis at each indentation ...
  • Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J.; Xu, Jinshan; Chen, Chi-Fang; Jan, Sen; Chiu, Linus Y.; Yang, Yiing-Jang (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers / IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, 2010-10)
    In this paper, we quantify the dynamical causes and uncertainties of striking differences in acoustic transmission data collected on the shelf and shelfbreak in the northeastern Taiwan region within the context of the ...
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