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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Adams, Andrew; Paris, Sylvain; Levoy, Marc; Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar; Amarasinghe, Saman P.; Durand, Fredo (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-07)
    Using existing programming tools, writing high-performance image processing code requires sacrificing readability, portability, and modularity. We argue that this is a consequence of conflating what computations define the ...
  • Slavov, Nikolai G.; Botstein, David (American Society for Cell Biology, 2012-11)
    To survive and proliferate, cells need to coordinate their metabolism, gene expression, and cell division. To understand this coordination and the consequences of its failure, we uncoupled biomass synthesis from nutrient ...
  • Skow, Bradford (Wiley, 2010-06)
    A recent theory of metaphysical indeterminacy says that metaphysical indeterminacy is multiple actuality: there is metaphysical indeterminacy when there are many ‘complete precisifications of reality’. But it is possible ...
  • Sariyer, Ozan S.; Kabakcioglu, Alkan; Berker, A. Nihat (American Physical Society, 2012-10)
    We investigate the dissipative loss in the ±J Ising spin glass in three dimensions through the scaling of the hysteresis area, for a maximum magnetic field that is equal to the saturation field. We perform a systematic ...
  • Geboff, Adam B.; Model, Joshua; Siegel, Andrew M.; Shaw, Gary A.; Sandvik, Peter; Vert, Alexey; Soloviev, Stanislav (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-04)
    Photon counting detectors are used in many diverse applications and are well-suited to situations in which a weak signal is present in a relatively benign background. Examples of successful system applications of photon-counting ...
  • Shapiro, Jeffrey H. (American Physical Society, 2009-08)
    A two-way protocol for defeating passive eavesdropping is proposed. For each information bit, Alice sends Bob T sec of signal-beam output from a spontaneous parametric down-converter over a pure-loss channel while retaining ...
  • Boechler, Nicholas Sebastian (American Physical Society, 2012-03)
    We study the vibrational spectra of one-dimensional statically compressed granular crystals (arrays of elastic particles in contact) containing light-mass defects. We focus on the prototypical settings of one or two spherical ...
  • Eusner, Thor; Saka, Nannaji; Chun, Jung-Hoon (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-10)
    The chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) of Cu is a critical step in the manufacture of ultra-large-scale integrated (ULSl) semiconductor devices. During this process, undesirable scratches are formed on the surface being ...
  • Tongay, Sefaattin; Suh, Joonki; Ataca, Can; Fan, Wen; Luce, Alexander; Kang, Jeong Seuk; Liu, Jonathan; Ko, Changhyun; Raghunathanan, Rajamani; Zhou, Jian; Ogletree, Frank; Li, Jingbo; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Wu, Junqiao (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-09)
    Point defects in semiconductors can trap free charge carriers and localize excitons. The interaction between these defects and charge carriers becomes stronger at reduced dimensionalities, and is expected to greatly influence ...
  • Terrones, Mauricio; Araujo, Paulo Antonio Trinidade; Dresselhaus, Mildred (Elsevier, 2012-03)
    Graphene-like materials could be used in the fabrication of electronic and optoelectronic devices, gas sensors, biosensors, and batteries for energy storage. Since it is almost impossible to work with defect-free or ...
  • Pang, Bo; Mcfaline, Jose L.; Burgis, Nicholas E.; Dong, Min; Taghizadeh, Koli; Sullivan, Matthew R.; Elmquist, C. Eric; Cunningham, Richard P.; Dedon, Peter C. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-02)
    Deamination of nucleobases in DNA and RNA results in the formation of xanthine (X), hypoxanthine (I), oxanine, and uracil, all of which are miscoding and mutagenic in DNA and can interfere with RNA editing and function. ...
  • Poterba, James M.; Rao, Nirupama; Seidman, Jeri (National Tax Association-Tax Institute of America, 2010-02)
    A firm's deferred tax position can affect its incentives to lobby for or against tax reform, as well as how the firm is affected by a transition from one tax regime to another. We compile disaggregated deferred tax ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Sun, Jiusong; Hartvigsen, Karsten; Chou, Meng-Yun; Zhang, Yadong; Sukhova, Galina K.; Zhang, Jie; Lopez-Ilasaca, Marco; Diehl, Cody J.; Yakov, Niva; Harats, Dror; George, Jacob; Witztum, Joseph L.; Libby, Peter; Shi, Guo-Ping (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) -American Heart Association, 2010-08)
    Background: Adaptive immunity and innate immunity play important roles in atherogenesis. Invariant chain (CD74) mediates antigen-presenting cell antigen presentation and T-cell activation. This study tested the hypothesis ...
  • Buehler, Markus J. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2009-11)
    Here we focus on recent advances in understanding the deformation and fracture behavior of collagen, Nature's most abundant protein material and the basis for many biological composites including bone, dentin or cornea. ...
  • Pritchard, Justin Robert; Bruno, Peter Michael; Gilbert, Luke Andrew; Capron, Kelsey L.; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Hemann, Michael (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-12)
    Combination chemotherapies have been a mainstay in the treatment of disseminated malignancies for almost 60 y, yet even successful regimens fail to cure many patients. Although their single-drug components are well studied, ...
  • Sim, Adrian Chong Nyi; Too, Chien Tei; Oo, Min Zin; Lai, Junyun; Eio, Michelle Yating; Song, Zhenying; Srinivasan, Nalini; Tan, Diane Ai Lin; Pang, Shyue Wei; Gan, Shu Uin; Lee, Kok Onn; Loh, Thomas Kwok Seng; Chen, Jianzhu; Chan, Soh Ha; MacAry, Paul Anthony (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-11)
    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a gamma herpesvirus that causes a life-long latent infection in human hosts. The latent gene products LMP1, LMP2A and EBNA1 are expressed by EBV-associated tumors and peptide epitopes derived ...
  • Cheung, Clifford; Mardon, Jeremy; Nomura, Yasunori; Thaler, Jesse (Springer / SISSA, 2010-07)
    If the lightest observable-sector supersymmetric particle (LOSP) is charged and long-lived, then it may be possible to indirectly measure the Planck mass at the LHC and provide a spectacular confirmation of supergravity ...
  • Ishii, Hiroshi; Follmer, Sean Weston; Johnson, Micah K.; Adelson, Edward H. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-10)
    We introduce a novel input device, deForm, that supports 2.5D touch gestures, tangible tools, and arbitrary objects through real-time structured light scanning of a malleable surface of interaction. DeForm captures ...
  • Ravela, Srinivas; Yang, Christopher M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-05)
    We present a new approach to deformation invariant image matching. Our matcher (a) aligns templates to targets over a broad range of nonlinear deformations, (b) factors the total deformation into spectral categories, where ...
  • Ulitsky, Igor; Shamir, Ron; Krishnamurthy, Akshay; Karp, Richard M. (Public Library of Science, 2010-10)
    Background Molecular studies of the human disease transcriptome typically involve a search for genes whose expression is significantly dysregulated in sick individuals compared to healthy controls. Recent studies have ...
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