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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Johnson, Samuel Buck; Taylor IV, Washington (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014-10)
    We carry out a systematic analysis of Calabi-Yau threefolds that are elliptically fibered with section (“EFS”) and have a large Hodge number h [superscript 2,1]. EFS Calabi-Yau threefolds live in a single connected space, ...
  • Johnson, Samuel Buck; Taylor, Washington (Springer-Verlag/International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), 2014-10)
    We carry out a systematic analysis of Calabi-Yau threefolds that are elliptically fibered with section (“EFS”) and have a large Hodge number h[superscript 2,1]. EFS Calabi-Yau threefolds live in a single connected space, ...
  • Cohen, A. L.; McCorkle, D. C.; Putron, S. J.; Starczak, V. R.; Zicht, A. E.; Drenkard, Elizabeth Joan (Springer-Verlag, 2013-03)
    Ocean acidification (OA) threatens the existence of coral reefs by slowing the rate of calcium carbonate (CaCO[subscript 3]) production of framework-building corals thus reducing the amount of CaCO3 the reef can produce ...
  • Zani, Brett; Stanley, James; Muraj, Benny; Knutson, Jennifer; Kohler, Robert; Markham, Peter; Nikanorov, Alexander; Tzafriri, A Rami; Garcia Polite, Fernando; Edelman, Elazer R (Elsevier, 2017-09)
    Background: Calcific atherosclerosis is a major challenge to intraluminal drug delivery in peripheral artery disease (PAD). Objectives: We evaluated the effects of orbital atherectomy on intraluminal paclitaxel delivery ...
  • Caraveo, Gabriela; Baru, Valeriya; Lindquist, Susan; Auluck, Pavan K.; Whitesell, Luke; Chung, Chee Yeun; Mosharov, Eugene V.; Yan, Xiohui; Ben-Johny, Manu; Soste, Martin; Picotti, Paola; Kim, Hanna; Caldwell, Kim A.; Caldwell, Guy A.; Sulzer, David; Yue, David T. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-08)
    Calcineurin (CN) is a highly conserved Ca[superscript 2+]–calmodulin (CaM)-dependent phosphatase that senses Ca[superscript 2+] concentrations and transduces that information into cellular responses. Ca[superscript 2+] ...
  • Ouchi, Takanari; Sadoway, Donald Robert; Kim, Hojong; Ning, Xiaohui (Electrochemical Society, 2014-09)
    The performance of a calcium-antimony (Ca-Sb) alloy serving as the positive electrode in a Ca∥Sb liquid metal battery was investigated in an electrochemical cell, Ca(in Bi) | LiCl-NaCl-CaCl[subscript 2] | Ca(in Sb). The ...
  • Ouchi, Takanari; Kim, Hojong; Spatocco, Brian Leonard; Sadoway, Donald Robert (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    Calcium is an attractive material for the negative electrode in a rechargeable battery due to its low electronegativity (high cell voltage), double valence, earth abundance and low cost; however, the use of calcium has ...
  • Kalinowski, Agnieszka; Qin, Zhao; Coffey, Kelli; Kodali, Ravi; Buehler, Markus J.; Dahl, Kris Noel; Losche, Mathias (Elsevier, 2013-05)
    Lamin proteins contribute to nuclear structure and function, primarily at the inner nuclear membrane. The posttranslational processing pathway of lamin A includes farnesylation of the C-terminus, likely to increase membrane ...
  • Rivet, Catherine A.; Kniss-James, Ariel S.; Gran, Margaret A.; Potnis, Anish; Lu, Hang; Kemp, Melissa L.; Hill, Abby (Public Library of Science, 2016-08)
    T cells reach a state of replicative senescence characterized by a decreased ability to proliferate and respond to foreign antigens. Calcium release associated with TCR engagement is widely used as a surrogate measure of ...
  • Stephan, Jules Rabie; Nolan, Elizabeth Marie (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2015-11)
    Calprotectin (CP, S100A8/S100A9 oligomer, MRP-8/14 oligomer, calgranulins A and B) is a protein component of the innate immune system that contributes to the metal-withholding response by sequestering bioavailable transition ...
  • Brophy, Megan Brunjes; Hayden, Joshua A.; Nolan, Elizabeth M. (American Chemical Society, 2012-10)
    Calprotectin (CP) is an antimicrobial protein produced and released by neutrophils that inhibits the growth of pathogenic microorganisms by sequestering essential metal nutrients in the extracellular space. In this work, ...
  • Cunden, Lisa Stephanie; Gaillard de Saint Germain, Alethe; Nolan, Elizabeth Marie (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-10)
    Human S100A12 is a host-defense protein expressed and released by neutrophils that contributes to innate immunity. Apo S100A12 is a 21 kDa antiparallel homodimer that harbors two Ca(II)-binding EF-hand domains per subunit ...
  • Tam, Barney K.; Shin, Jennifer H.; Pfeiffer, Emily; Mahadevan, L.; Matsudaira, Paul T. (Elsevier, 2009-08)
    Calcium is essential for many biological processes involved in cellular motility. However, the pathway by which calcium influences motility, in processes such as muscle contraction and neuronal growth, is often indirect ...
  • Frey, Daniel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011)
    This paper concerns the problem of calculating expectation shift due to variability which tends to occur whenever the function of a random variable is nonlinear and especially tends to occur in the neighborhood of a local ...
  • Qian, Xiaofeng; Li, Ju; Yip, Sidney (American Physical Society, 2010-11)
    We present an efficient and accurate computational approach to study phase-coherent quantum transport in molecular and nanoscale electronics. We formulate a Green’s-function method in the recently developed ab initio ...
  • Chang, Hsi-Ming; Procura, Massimiliano; Thaler, Jesse; Waalewijn, Wouter J. (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    By using observables that only depend on charged particles (tracks), one can efficiently suppress pileup contamination at the LHC. Such measurements are not infrared safe in perturbation theory, so any calculation of ...
  • Chang, Hsi-Ming; Procura, Massimiliano; Thaler, Jesse; Waalewijn, Wouter J. (American Physical Society, 2013-08)
    In e[superscript +]e[superscript -] event shapes studies at LEP, two different measurements were sometimes performed: a “calorimetric” measurement using both charged and neutral particles and a “track-based” measurement ...
  • Temkin, Richard J.; Bigelow, Timothy S.; Rasmussen, David A.; Woskov, Paul P.; Sirigiri, Jagadishwar R.; Shapiro, Michael; Tax, David Samuel; Kowalski, Elizabeth Joan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    The ITER transmission lines (TLs) must be designed to deliver 20 MW from a 24 MW, 170 GHz gyrotron system. Miter bends are the main source of loss for these highly overmoded, corrugated, cylindrical waveguide TLs. Previous ...
  • Hidalgo, Julia; Pigeon, Grégoire; Masson, Valery; Bueno Unzeta, Bruno; Norford, Leslie Keith (American Meteorological Society, 2013-02)
    Urban canopy models (UCMs) are being used as urban-climate prediction tools for different applications including outdoor thermal comfort and building energy consumption. To take advantage of their low computational cost, ...
  • Horgan, Ronald R.; Liu, Zhaofeng; Meinel, Stefan; Wingate, Matthew (American Physical Society, 2014-05)
    We calculate the differential branching fractions and angular distributions of the rare decays B[superscript 0] → K[superscript *0]μ[superscript +]μ[superscript -] and B[0 over s] → φμ[superscript +]μ[superscript -], using ...
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