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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Prabhakaran, Vivek; Rypma, Bart; Narayanan, Nandakumar S.; Meier, Timothy B.; Austin, Benjamin P.; Nair, Veena A.; Naing, Lin; Thomas, Lisa E.; Gabrieli, John D. E. (Public Library of Science, 2011-11)
    Working memory (WM) capacity and WM processing speed are simple cognitive measures that underlie human performance in complex processes such as reasoning and language comprehension. These cognitive measures have shown to ...
  • Castleberry, Steven A.; Li, Wei; Deng, Di; Hammond, Paula T.; Mayner, Sarah E. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-05)
    Layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly is a powerful tool with increasing real world applications in energy, biomaterials, active surfaces, and membranes; however, the current state of the art requires individual sample construction ...
  • Holtzman, Ran; Juanes, Ruben; Szulczewski, Michael Lawrence (American Physical Society, 2012-06)
    We study the displacement of immiscible fluids in deformable, noncohesive granular media. Experimentally, we inject air into a thin bed of water-saturated glass beads and observe the invasion morphology. The control ...
  • Frolov, Timofey; Carter, W. Craig; Asta, Mark (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-05)
    In this study, we present atomistic simulations and theoretical analyses that reveal a capillary instability that is intrinsic to wetting geometries characteristic of the vapor–liquid–solid mechanism for nanowire growth. ...
  • Speth, Raymond L.; Lauga, Eric (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2009-07)
    A recent experiment showed that cylindrical segments of water filling a hydrophilic stripe on an otherwise hydrophobic surface display a capillary instability when their volume is increased beyond the critical volume at ...
  • Peruzzo, Paolo; Defina, Andrea; Stocker, Roman; Nepf, Heidi (American Physical Society, 2013-10)
    Surface-piercing vegetation often captures particles that flow on the water surface, where surface tension forces contribute to capture. Yet the physics of capillary capture in flow has not been addressed. Here we model ...
  • Jung, Sunghwan; Reis, Pedro Miguel; James, Jillian; Clanet, Christophe; Bush, John W. M. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-09)
    Capillary forces dominate gravity on a small scale and may deform flexible bodies in both natural and laboratory settings. Two examples are considered here: floating flowers and spider webs.
  • Zhao, Benzhong; MacMinn, Christopher W.; Huppert, Herbert E.; Juanes, Ruben (American Geophysical Union (Wiley platform), 2014-09)
    Gravity-driven flows in the subsurface have attracted recent interest in the context of geological carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) storage, where supercritical CO[subscript 2] is captured from the flue gas of power plants ...
  • Peruzzo, Paolo; Defina, Andrea; Nepf, Heidi (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2012-07)
    The seeds of many aquatic plants are buoyant and thus transported at the water surface, where they are subject to surface tension that may enhance their retention within emergent vegetation. Specifically, seeds may be ...
  • Liu, Vincent Hok; Song, Yong-Ak; Han, Jongyoon (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC Publishing), 2010-02)
    In this paper, we report a novel method for fabricating ion-selective membranes in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/glass-based microfluidic preconcentrators. Based on the concept of capillary valves, this fabrication method ...
  • Giroud, Xavier; Mueller, Holger M. (American Finance Association/Wiley, 2015-07)
    We document how a positive shock to investment opportunities at one plant (“treated plant”) spills over to other plants within the same firm, but only if the firm is financially constrained. To provide the treated plant ...
  • Powell, Douglas M.; Fu, Ran; Horowitz, Kelsey; Basore, Paul A.; Woodhouse, Michael; Buonassisi, Tonio (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-09)
    Using a bottom-up cost model, we assess the impact of initial factory capital expenditure (capex) on photovoltaic (PV) module minimum sustainable price (MSP) and industry-wide trends. We find capex to have two important ...
  • Farhi, Emmanuel; Werning, Ivan (University of Chicago Press, The, 2012-06)
    Economies with private information provide a rationale for capital taxation. In this paper we ask what the welfare gains from following this prescription are. We develop a method to answer this question in standard general ...
  • Scheuer, Florian; Wolitzky, Alexander Greenberg (American Economic Association (AEA), 2016-08)
    This paper studies optimal dynamic tax policy under the threat of political reform. A policy will be reformed ex post if a large enough coalition of citizens supports reform; thus, sustainable policies are those that will ...
  • Osorio Pizano, Carolina; Flotterod, Gunnar (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2014-06)
    This work adds realistic dependency structure to a previously developed analytical stochastic network loading model. The model is a stochastic formulation of the link-transmission model, which is an operational instance ...
  • Pellenq, Roland J. M.; Brochard, Laurent Yves Yannick; Hantal, Gyorgy Miklos; Laubie, Hadrien H; Ulm, Franz-Josef (Springer Netherlands, 2015-10)
    The inherent computational cost of molecular simulations limits their use to the study of nanometric systems with potentially strong size effects. In the case of fracture mechanics, size effects due to yielding at the crack ...
  • Hickman, A. E.; Gregg, W. W.; Mouw, C. B.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Jahn, Oliver; Follows, Michael J. (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-07)
    We present a numerical model of the ocean that couples a three-stream radiative transfer component with a marine biogeochemical–ecosystem component in a dynamic three-dimensional physical framework. The radiative transfer ...
  • Wilmer, Jeremy B.; Germine, Laura; Chabris, Christopher F.; Chatterjee, Garga; Gerbasi, Margaret; Nakayama, Ken (Taylor & Francis, 2013-02)
    Proper characterization of each individual's unique pattern of strengths and weaknesses requires good measures of diverse abilities. Here, we advocate combining our growing understanding of neural and cognitive mechanisms ...
  • Jessop, Elena Naomi (MIT Press, 2015-01)
    Performing artists have frequently used technology to sense and extend the body’s natural expressivity through live control of multimedia. However, the sophistication, emotional content and variety of expression possible ...
  • Adib, Fadel; Hsu, Chen-Yu; Mao, Hongzi; Katabi, Dina; Durand, Frederic (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-11)
    We present RF-Capture, a system that captures the human figure -- i.e., a coarse skeleton -- through a wall. RF-Capture tracks the 3D positions of a person's limbs and body parts even when the person is fully occluded from ...
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