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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Prelec, Drazen (Cambridge University Press, 2013)
    By Calvinist point of view, I refer to analysis focused on assessing the diagnostic significance of policy decisions, rather than establishing the direct consequences of decisions. Diagnostic significance refers to information ...
  • Linkov, Igor; Trump, Benjamin; Jin, David S.; Mazurczak, Marcin; Schreurs, Miranda (Springer, 2014-08)
    Background: The development of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing methods has dramatically increased the potential for the extraction of previously unrecoverable natural gas. Nonetheless, the potential risks and ...
  • Amon, Angelika B.; Tyers, Mike (Elsevier Ltd., 2009-12)
    Cells must perpetually decide on three big choices in life: to grow, to divide or to die. These system-level decisions are the output of a complex and still very poorly understood molecular algorithm, which is built from ...
  • Kharait, Sourabh; Hautaniemi, Sampsa; Wu, Shan; Iwabu, Akihiro; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Wells, Alan (BioMed Central Ltd, 2007-01)
    Background: Computational models of cell signaling networks typically are aimed at capturing dynamics of molecular components to derive quantitative insights from prior experimental data, and to make predictions concerning ...
  • Youngman, Matthew J.; Rogers, Zoe N.; Kim, Dennis H. (Public Library of Science, 2011-05)
    The decline in immune function with aging, known as immunosenescence, has been implicated in evolutionarily diverse species, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not understood. During aging in Caenorhabditis elegans, ...
  • Koster-Hale, Jorie; Saxe, Rebecca R.; Dungan, James; Young, Liane L. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-03)
    Intentional harms are typically judged to be morally worse than accidental harms. Distinguishing between intentional harms and accidents depends on the capacity for mental state reasoning (i.e., reasoning about beliefs and ...
  • Pan, Wei; Altshuler, Yaniv; Pentland, Alex Paul (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-09)
    In this paper, we study roles of social mechanisms in a financial system. Our data come from a novel on-line foreign exchange trading brokerage for individual investors, which also allows investors to form social network ...
  • Day, Mitchell L.; Delgutte, Bertrand (Society for Neuroscience, 2013-10)
    The strategies by which the central nervous system decodes the properties of sensory stimuli, such as sound source location, from the responses of a population of neurons are a matter of debate. We show, using the average ...
  • Jayaraman, Akila; Chandrasekaran, Aarthi; Viswanathan, Karthik; Raman, Rahul; Fox, James G.; Sasisekharan, Ram (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    Ferrets are widely used as animal models for studying influenza A viral pathogenesis and transmissibility. Human-adapted influenza A viruses primarily target the upper respiratory tract in humans (infection of the lower ...
  • Kwee, P.; Miller, John; Isogai, Tomoki; Barsotti, Lisa; Evans, Matthew J. (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Squeezed states of light have been successfully employed in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors to reduce quantum noise, thus becoming one of the most promising options for extending the astrophysical reach of the ...
  • Pushin, Dmitry; Arif, M.; Cory, David G. (American Physical Society, 2009-05)
    Perfect single-crystal neutron interferometers are adversely sensitive to environmental disturbances, particularly mechanical vibrations. The sensitivity to vibrations results from the slow velocity of thermal neutrons and ...
  • Prokopec, Tomislav; Schmidt, Michael G.; Koksma, Jurjen Ferdinand (American Physical Society, 2011-04)
    We study the decoherence of a renormalized quantum field theoretical system. We consider our novel correlator approach to decoherence where entropy is generated by neglecting observationally inaccessible correlators. Using ...
  • Todadri, Senthil; Mross, David Fabian (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    We present a theoretical approach to describing the Mott transition of electrons on a two-dimensional lattice that begins with the low-energy effective theory of the Fermi liquid. The approach to the Mott transition must ...
  • Khabbazian, Majid; Kowalski, Dariusz R.; Kuhn, Fabian; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-09)
    In much of the theoretical literature on wireless algorithms, issues of message dissemination are considered together with issues of contention management. This combination leads to complicated algorithms and analysis, ...
  • Wu, Di; O'Toole, Matthew; Velten, Andreas; Agrawal, Amit; Raskar, Ramesh (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012-06)
    Global light transport is composed of direct and indirect components. In this paper, we take the first steps toward analyzing light transport using high temporal resolution information via time of flight (ToF) images. The ...
  • Marla, Lavanya; Barnhart, Cynthia; Biyani, Varun (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    We consider a special class of large-scale, network-based, resource allocation problems under uncertainty, namely that of multi-commodity flows with time-windows under uncertainty. In this class, we focus on problems ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Hajiaghayi, MohammadTaghi; Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi (Association for Computing Machinery / Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-01)
    We prove two structural decomposition theorems about graphs excluding a fixed odd minor H, and show how these theorems can be used to obtain approximation algorithms for several algorithmic problems in such graphs. Our ...
  • Dahleh, Munther A.; Adler, Gail K.; Klerman, Elizabeth B.; Brown, Emery N.; Faghih, Rose Taj (Public Library of Science, 2014-01)
    The pulsatile release of cortisol from the adrenal glands is controlled by a hierarchical system that involves corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) from the hypothalamus, adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) from the ...
  • Bittinger, Kyle Lee; Field, Robert W. (American Institute of Physics, 2010-04)
    The doorway-mediated mechanism for dynamical processes represents the first step beyond statistical dynamics toward an explicit mechanism. A bright state→doorway state→dark bath doorway-coupling model Hamiltonian characterizes ...
  • Tan, Rui Zhen; Ji, Ni; Mentink, Remco A.; Korswagen, Hendrik C.; van Oudenaarden, Alexander (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    Establishment of cell polarity is crucial for many biological processes including cell migration and asymmetric cell division. The establishment of cell polarity consists of two sequential processes: an external gradient ...
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