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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Swingle, Brian Gordon (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The Fermi surface may be usefully viewed as a collection of (1+1)-dimensional chiral conformal field theories. This approach permits straightforward calculation of many anomalous ground-state properties of the Fermi gas, ...
  • Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Kardar, Mehran (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2013-10)
    Thermal fluctuations of a critical system induce long-ranged Casimir forces between objects that couple to the underlying field. For two-dimensional (2D) conformal field theories (CFT) we derive an exact result for the ...
  • Larkoski, Andrew James (American Physical Society, 2014-10)
    In this note, I show that the recently proposed subleading soft factor in massless gauge theory uniquely follows from conformal symmetry of tree-level gauge theory amplitudes in four dimensions.
  • Werner, Wendelin; Sheffield, Scott Roger (Princeton University Press, 2012-11)
    For random collections of self-avoiding loops in two-dimensional domains, we define a simple and natural conformal restriction property that is conjecturally satisfied by the scaling limits of interfaces in models from ...
  • Anninos, Dionysios; Anous, Tarek; de Lange, Paul; Konstantinidis, George (Springer-Verlag/International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), 2015-03)
    Quiver quantum mechanics describes the low energy dynamics of a system of wrapped D-branes. It captures several aspects of single and multicentered BPS black hole geometries in four-dimensional N = 2 supergravity such as ...
  • Kaiser, David I. (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    Many interesting models incorporate scalar fields with nonminimal couplings to the spacetime Ricci curvature scalar. As is well known, if only one scalar field is nonminimally coupled, then one may perform a conformal ...
  • Tanaka, Atsushi; Shimada, Kenei; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Kitabata, Hironori; Taguchi, Haruyuki; Fukuda, Shota; Kashiwagi, Manabu; Kubo, Takashi; Takarada, Shigeho; Hirata, Kumiko; Mizukoshi, Masato; Yoshikawa, Junichi; Bouma, Brett E.; Akasaka, Takashi (Elsevier B.V., 2011-10)
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the conformational change of arterial structure in the vasospastic lesion with optical coherence tomography. Background: Coronary artery spasm plays an important role ...
  • Einert, Thomas R.; Netz, R. R.; Sing, Charles E.; Alexander-Katz, Alfredo (Springer-Verlag, 2011-12)
    We study the conformational dynamics within homopolymer globules by solvent-implicit Brownian dynamics simulations. A strong dependence of the internal chain dynamics on the Lennard-Jones cohesion strength ε and the globule ...
  • Kim, Do-Nyun; Altschuler, Josiah; Strong, Campbell; McGill, Gael; Bathe, Mark (Oxford University Press, 2010-11)
    The conformational dynamics data bank (CDDB, http://www.cdyn.org) is a database that aims to provide comprehensive results on the conformational dynamics of high molecular weight proteins and protein assemblies. Analysis ...
  • Hughes, Scott A.; Regimbau, T. (Institute of Physics, 2009-06)
    Double neutron stars are one of the most promizing sources for terrestrial gravitational wave interferometers. For actual interferometers and their planned upgrades, the probability of having a signal present in the data ...
  • Hancock, Kenneth E.; Chung, Yoojin; Delgutte, Bertrand (Springer Science+Business Media, 2013-03)
    Bilateral cochlear implant (CI) users perform poorly on tasks involving interaural time differences (ITD), which are critical for sound localization and speech reception in noise by normal-hearing listeners. ITD perception ...
  • Amin, Saurabh; Loiseau, Patrick; Schwartz, Galina; Musacchio, John; Sastry, S. Shankar (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-12)
    We propose a raffle-based scheme for the decongestion of a shared resource. Our scheme builds on ideas from the economic literature on incentivizing contributions to a public good. We formulate a game-theoretic model for ...
  • Kaduk, Benjamin J.; Van Voorhis, Troy (American Institute of Physics, 2010-08)
    The constrained density functional theory–configuration interaction (CDFT-CI) method has previously been used to calculate ground-state energies and barrier heights. In this work, it is examined for use in computing ...
  • Williams, Timothy H.; Crucioli, David A.; Wilcox, William E., Jr.; Volpicelli, Alicia M.; Murphy, Robert J. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-08)
    Free space optical communication systems require robust pointing and tracking to establish and maintain lineof- sight (LOS). Atmospheric scintillation can present a challenge to the LOS tracking systems located at each end ...
  • Taylor, Joshua A.; Hover, Franz S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-08)
    We apply lift-and-project type relaxations for polynomial optimization problems to AC transmission system planning, and obtain new second-order cone and semidefinite models. The models are compared to linear and nonlinear ...
  • Ishii, Akio; Li, Ju; Ogata, Shigenobu (Public Library of Science, 2013-04)
    Dislocation pipe diffusion seems to be a well-established phenomenon. Here we demonstrate an unexpected effect, that the migration of interstitials such as carbon in iron may be accelerated not in the dislocation line ...
  • Rochat, Sebastien; Swager, Timothy Manning (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-05)
    Thanks to their unique optical and electrochemical properties, conjugated polymers have attracted considerable attention over the last two decades and resulted in numerous technological innovations. In particular, their ...
  • Swager, Timothy Manning; Dane, Eric L.; King, Sarah B. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-05)
    Thioether-containing poly(para-phenylene-ethynylene) (PPE) copolymers show a strong fluorescence turn-on response when exposed to oxidants in solution as a result of the selective conversion of thioether substituents into ...
  • Larson, Alyssa Maxine; Wang, Hongmei; Cao, Yang; Jiang, Taijiao; Chen, Jianzhu; Klibanov, Alexander M. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-07)
    Using the plaque reduction assay, relatively simple bicyclic quinone molecules, as well as multiple copies thereof covalently attached to a long polyglutamate-based polymeric chain, were examined as new inhibitors of various ...
  • Suntharalingam, Kogularamanan; Song, Ying; Lippard, Stephen J. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013-12)
    We report two platinum(IV) complexes conjugated with a vitamin E analog, α-tocopherol succinate (α-TOS). One of the conjugates displays the activity of both cisplatin and α-TOS in cancer cells, causing damage to DNA and ...
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