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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Abdulkadiroğlu, Atila; Angrist, Joshua; Hull, Peter Davenport; Pathak, Parag (American Economic Association, 2016-07)
    Charter takeovers are traditional public schools restarted as charter schools. We develop a grandfathering instrument for takeover attendance that compares students at schools designated for takeover with a matched sample ...
  • de Jong, Maarten; Chen, Wei; Angsten, Thomas; Jain, Anubhav; Notestine, Randy; Gamst, Anthony; Sluiter, Marcel; Krishna Ande, Chaitanya; van der Zwaag, Sybrand; Plata, Jose J; Toher, Cormac; Curtarolo, Stefano; Ceder, Gerbrand; Persson, Kristin A.; Asta, Mark (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-03)
    The elastic constant tensor of an inorganic compound provides a complete description of the response of the material to external stresses in the elastic limit. It thus provides fundamental insight into the nature of the ...
  • Rosenfeld, Daniel; Fischer, David G.; Kremic, Tibor; Agrawal, Arun; Andreae, Meinrat O.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Blakeslee, Richard J.; Boerner, Anko; Bowles, Neil; Christian, Hugh; Cox, Ann; Dunion, Jason; Horvath, Akos; Huang, Xianglei; Khain, Alexander; Kinne, Stefan; Lemos, Maria C.; Penner, Joyce E.; Quaas, Johannes; Seran, Elena; Stevens, Bjorn; Walati, Thomas; Wagner, Thomas; Williams, Earle R.; Renno, Nilton O.; Fischer, Jurgen; Poschl, Ulrich (American Meteorological Society, 2013-05)
    The formation of cloud droplets on aerosol particles, technically known as the activation of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), is the fundamental process driving the interactions of aerosols with clouds and precipitation. ...
  • Anderson, Gemma E.; Gaensler, B. M.; Kaplan, David L.; Slane, Patrick O.; Muno, Michael P.; Posselt, Bettina; Hong, Jaesub; Murray, Stephen S.; Steeghs, Danny T. H.; Brogan, Crystal L.; Drake, Jeremy J.; Farrell, Sean A.; Benjamin, Robert A.; Chakrabarty, Deepto; Drew, Janet E.; Finley, John P.; Grindlay, Jonathan E.; Lazio, T. Joseph W.; Lee, Julia C.; Mauerhan, Jon C.; van Kerkwijk, Marten H. (American Astronomical Society, 2014-05)
    We present the Chasing the Identification of ASCA Galactic Objects (ChIcAGO) survey, which is designed to identify the unknown X-ray sources discovered during the ASCA Galactic Plane Survey (AGPS). Little is known about ...
  • Kolisnyk, Benjamin; Guzman, Monica S.; Raulic, Sanda; Fan, Jue; Magalhaes, Ana C.; Feng, Guoping; Gros, Robert; Prado, Vania F.; Prado, Marco A. M. (Society for Neuroscience, 2013-06)
    Acetylcholine (ACh) is an important neuromodulator in the nervous system implicated in many forms of cognitive and motor processing. Recent studies have used bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) transgenic mice expressing ...
  • Durak, Omer; Gao, Fan; Kaeser-Woo, Yea Jin; Rueda IV, Richard; Martorell, Anthony; Nott, Alexander; Liu, Carol Y; Watson, Lauren Ashley; Tsai, Li-Huei (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-10)
    De novo mutations in CHD8 are strongly associated with autism spectrum disorder, but the basic biology of CHD8 remains poorly understood. Here we report that Chd8 knockdown during cortical development results in defective ...
  • Shetty, Ashwin S.; Weisbach, Niels R.; Crabtree, Gerald R.; Platt, Randall Jeffrey; Zhou, Yang; Slaymaker, Ian; Kim, Jinah; Sharma, Jitendra; Desai, Mitul; Sood, Sabina; Kempton, Hannah R.; Feng, Guoping; Zhang, Feng (Elsevier, 2017-04)
    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous disease, but genetically defined models can provide an entry point to studying the molecular underpinnings of this disorder. We generated germline mutant mice with ...
  • Sugathan, Aarathi; Biagioli, Marta; Golzio, Christelle; Erdin, Serkan; Blumenthal, Ian; Manavalan, Poornima; Ragavendran, Ashok; Brand, Harrison; Lucente, Diane; Miles, Judith; Sheridan, Steven D.; Stortchevoi, Alexei; Kellis, Manolis; Haggarty, Stephen J.; Katsanis, Nicholas; Gusella, James F.; Talkowski, Michael E. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-10)
    Truncating mutations of chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 8 (CHD8), and of many other genes with diverse functions, are strong-effect risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), suggesting multiple mechanisms ...
  • Poliannikov, Oleg V.; Malcolm, Alison E.; Prange, Michael; Djikpesse, Hugues (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2012-12)
    With high-permeability hydrocarbon reservoirs exhausting their potential, developing low-permeability reservoirs is becoming of increasing importance. In order to be produced economically, these reservoirs need to be ...
  • Radford, Robert John; Lippard, Stephen J. (Elsevier, 2013-03)
    The physiology and pathology of mobile zinc signaling has become an important topic in metalloneurochemistry. To study the action of mobile zinc effectively, specialized tools are required that probe the temporal and ...
  • Haschke, Raoul; Grebel, Eva K.; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2012-08)
    We present for the first time a detailed spectroscopic study of chemical element abundances of metal-poor RR Lyrae stars in the Large and Small Magellanic Cloud (LMC and SMC). Using the MagE echelle spectrograph at the 6.5 ...
  • Hollek, Julie K.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Karakas, Amanda I.; Shetrone, Matthew; Sneden, Christopher; Christlieb, Norbert; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2015-11)
    We present a detailed abundance analysis of 23 elements for a newly discovered carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) star, HE 0414−0343, from the Chemical Abundances of Stars in the Halo Project. Its spectroscopic stellar ...
  • Knutson, Charles G. F.; Mangerich, Aswin; Zeng, Yu; Raczynski, Arkadiusz R.; Liberman, Rosa G.; Kang, Pilsoo; Ye, Wenjie; Prestwich, Erin; Lu, Kun; Wishnok, John S.; Korzenik, Joshua R.; Wogan, Gerald N.; Fox, James G.; Dedon, Peter C.; Tannenbaum, Steven Robert (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-06)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) arises from inappropriate activation of the mucosal immune system resulting in a state of chronic inflammation with causal links to colon cancer. Helicobacter hepaticus-infected Rag2[superscript ...
  • Shrivastav, Nidhi; Li, Deyu; Essigmann, John M. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009-10)
    The reaction of DNA-damaging agents with the genome results in a plethora of lesions, commonly referred to as adducts. Adducts may cause DNA to mutate, they may represent the chemical precursors of lethal events and they ...
  • Filipovic, Milos R.; Miljkovic, Jan Lj.; Nauser, Thomas; Royzen, Maksim; Klos, Katharina; Shubina, Tatyana; Koppenol, Willem H.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Ivanović-Burmazović, Ivana (American Chemical Society, 2012-07)
    Dihydrogen sulfide recently emerged as a biological signaling molecule with important physiological roles and significant pharmacological potential. Chemically plausible explanations for its mechanisms of action have ...
  • Sneden, Christopher; Kim, Hwihyun; Mace, Gregory N.; Kaplan, Kyle F.; Lee, Hye-In; Oh, Heeyoung; Oh, Jae Sok; Pak, Soojong; Park, Chan; Pavel, Michael D.; Yuk, In-Soo; Jaffe, Daniel T.; Afsar, Melike; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2016-03)
    From high resolution (R sime 45,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N > 400) spectra gathered with the Immersion Grating Infrared Spectrograph (IGRINS) in the H and K photometric bands, we have derived elemental abundances ...
  • Angot, Hélène; Dastoor, Ashu; De Simone, Francesco; Gårdfeldt, Katarina; Gencarelli, Christian N.; Hedgecock, Ian M.; Langer, Sarka; Magand, Olivier; Mastromonaco, Michelle N.; Nordstrøm, Claus; Pfaffhuber, Katrine A.; Pirrone, Nicola; Ryjkov, Andrei; Skov, Henrik; Sprovieri, Francesca; Steffen, Alexandra; Toyota, Kenjiro; Travnikov, Oleg; Yang, Xin; Dommergue, Aurélien; Selin, Noelle E; Song, Shaojie (Copernicus Publications, 2016-08)
    Mercury (Hg) is a worldwide contaminant that can cause adverse health effects to wildlife and humans. While atmospheric modeling traces the link from emissions to deposition of Hg onto environmental surfaces, large ...
  • Casey, Andrew R.; Ji, Alexander Pung; Frebel, Anna L.; Ezzeddine, Rana (IOP Publishing, 2016-11)
    We present the first detailed chemical abundance study of the ultra-faint dwarf galaxy Tucana II, based on high-resolution Magellan/MIKE spectra of four red giant stars. The metallicities of these stars range from [Fe/H] ...
  • Casey, Andrew R.; Ji, Alexander Pung; Frebel, Anna L.; Ezzeddine, Rana (IOP Publishing, 2016-11)
    We present the first detailed chemical abundance study of the ultra-faint dwarf galaxy Tucana II, based on high-resolution Magellan/MIKE spectra of four red giant stars. The metallicities of these stars range from [Fe/H] ...
  • Boghossian, Ardemis A.; Zhang, Jingqing; Le Floch-Yin, Francois T.; Ulissi, Zachary Ward; Bojo, Peter; Han, Jae-Hee; Kim, Jong-Ho; Arkalgud, Jyoti R.; Reuel, Nigel Forest; Braatz, Richard D.; Strano, Michael S. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-08)
    Recent advances in nanotechnology have produced the first sensor transducers capable of resolving the adsorption and desorption of single molecules. Examples include near infrared fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes ...
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